Wars: Causes, Aftermath and Prevention
Wars are the single greatest threat to the existence and survival of the human race on this planet. They were always considered to be extremely violent and destructive in nature. But with recent advancements in weapons technology, the bloodshed, violence, and destruction of wars have reached a whole new level.
Wars have become much more than the former typical characteristic traits that were once attributed to the traditional armed conflicts. Over the course of the last century, the bloodshed has paved the way to atrocious and barbaric manslaughter, the violence has transformed into all-out ferocious brutality and the destruction, too, is not just destruction anymore; it has turned itself into total and utter annihilation of the opponent. As a direct effect of all of this, more than 80 million people lost their lives in World War II, and we had to pay a tremendous human cost. So I believe it is sufficient to say that it is no surprise that World War II turned out to be the deadliest armed conflict in human history.
Causes of War
The long-standing bitter history between two countries, unresolved territorial disputes, and conflicting tactical or geopolitical interests are a perfect recipe for the disaster and any of these factors can drive a country towards an armed conflict. But mostly, the combination of the sense of being powerful, greed and outright grotesque abuse of power are the culprits that drive a country towards a battleground. A lethal combination of the sense of being powerful and greed to capture what lies beyond her borders can easily seduce a country to start a war.
Why Delay Diplomacy?
Diplomatic efforts and dialogues are the only way to resolve conflicts and disagreements between countries. Frankly speaking, all parties involved in a war know this right from the very beginning. All fighting parties know that eventually, they will have to sit across a table and solve their problems with dialogue. But still, they fight long and hard in wars. Still, they bomb cities of each other. Still, they fire bullets across the border. Why?
The whole purpose of an armed conflict is to make the other party of the conflict so weak that they do not have any sort of strength on the negotiating table at the end of the conflict and subsequently, the winning party might get whatever it wants. It’s all about inflicting so much damage on other nations that it comes down right to its knees. So, it can be reasonably concluded that wars are a hideous way to suck all life from the opposing nation.
Many countries choose to go to war because wars are the fastest way around a particular problem that they are facing. Say a powerful country wants something from a relatively weaker opponent and that weaker opponent is not willing to surrender that particular ‘something’. The right thing to do in this situation will be to pursue diplomatic efforts to find the best solution for every stakeholder. But, generally, diplomatic efforts are a slow process. So, powerful nations prefer a much faster route; which is an ‘all-out war’.
Wars might leave a few survivors but they never leave any winners. Every fighting party of a war tries to inflict the maximum amount of damage on the opponent. Therefore, all fighting parties suffer enormously during wars. Wars kill a lot of people and break others who have witnessed all that insanity in front of them. Wars obliterate everything that comes in their path. All parties fighting a war experience horrendous, shocking, irreversible and irreparable damages that can never be completely fixed.
The arms race between global superpowers must be stopped as it may create significant problems in the future. At the beginning of the 20th century, the advancement in the weapons industry triggered a race among global superpowers to create powerful and deadly weapons. In this ongoing quest to attain ultimate power, we got our hands on nuclear, chemical and biological weapons. But somehow these horrifying weapons of mass destruction are still not enough to slow down the arms race; current world powers are still putting ridiculously large sums of money to import and create weapons; hoping that it will provide them an edge over their opponent.
This ends up starting a never-ending vicious cycle of an ongoing arms race, as all global superpowers continue to seek the latest weapon technology and they are ready to spend literally any amount of money to achieve their goal. It is dazzling that in a world in which poverty is raging and hunger is killing millions of humans, insanely large sums of money are still being directed in creating deadlier weapons than what we already have. So, the arms race is a never-ending tug of war between superpowers and an everlasting vicious cycle in which every country attempts to obtain superiority over their opponent
All global superpowers must work closely together to devise and establish a long term effective plan to prevent all armed conflicts in the future. We should acknowledge that wars are primeval, primitive and insane in nature. It was acceptable and understandable when medieval empires waged war against each other to resolve their problems; but now, in this modern day and age, we have to do better than that. All global superpowers must learn to communicate and address their concerns to each other in a constructive manner. The international community must direct all of their resources towards finding solutions to existing problems of this planet instead of creating new ones.
War Is Not the Only Way
We have to find out ways to find solutions to our problems other than wars. Nationalism should not be allowed to reach a point that we forget the very compassion that makes us human. In a world where thousands die every day from hunger, we have to stop the arms race and direct our resources towards ending poverty and hunger. Our efforts and resources must be directed towards finding ways and means which enable this planet to sustain life rather than producing weapons which decimate and wipe us out from the surface of this planet.
The human race has reached a point in its history where it has to learn from its troubled past. Over 100 million people lost their lives in World War I and II, and over 200,000 were incinerated instantaneously in Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings. We have to acknowledge the fact that wars have a tremendous human cost and with the advancement in weapons technology and the advent of nuclear weapons, if we go down that path again, then maybe it will be a war to end all wars; in fact, it will be a war that will smash us to oblivion. The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki gave us a truly horrifying glimpse of this scenario.