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Concealed World War Tragedy - the SS Mendi Disaster

Updated on March 1, 2017
SS Mendi
SS Mendi | Source

Author's Note

This hub is part of a series called "Noteworthy trend of events in South Africa".

Mendi Memorial - Delville Wood, France
Mendi Memorial - Delville Wood, France | Source
Mendi Memorial, South Africa @ Invisionzone
Mendi Memorial, South Africa @ Invisionzone
Mendi Memorial, South Africa
Mendi Memorial, South Africa | Source

The SS Mendi

At 5:00 am on February 21st, 1917 - during the First World War - the formidable steamship, the SS Mendi, sank in the English Channel on route to France, killing 646 soldiers including 607 black South Africans who have served in the South African Native Labor Corps. “They were not allowed to carry weapons and were meant to work as laborers, rather than as fighting soldiers,” stressed President Zuma before laying a wreath at the Armed Forces Day celebrations in Durban.

The SS Mendi was a passenger ship, chartered by the UK Admiralty as a troopship. After colliding with a large cargo steamship, the Darro, it disappeared within less than half-an-hour into the freezing waters.

Oral history records that an interpreter, Isaac Williams Wauchope Dyobha - who had served as a Minister in the Congregational Native Church – calmed the panicked men by raising his arms aloft and crying out in a loud voice:

"Be quiet and calm, my countrymen. What is happening now is what you came to do...you are going to die, but that is what you came to do. Brothers, we are drilling the death drill. I, a Xhosa, say you are my brothers...Swazis, Pondos, Basotho...so let us die like brothers. We are the sons of Africa. Raise your war-cries, brothers, for though they made us leave our assegais in the kraal, our voices are left with our bodies."

The Princess Royal, Princess Anne, laid a wreath at Southampton's Hollybrook Cemetery, where the SS Mendi disaster was also commemorated.

The names of the SS Mendi's 646 victims appear at all memorials of the disaster.

The news that touched me the most during the last week of February 2017 was most certainly the commemoration of the SS Mendi disaster.

 Delville Wood South African National Memorial
Delville Wood South African National Memorial | Source
Noordwijk General Cemetry, Zuid-Holland, where 5 South African Mendi victims rest
Noordwijk General Cemetry, Zuid-Holland, where 5 South African Mendi victims rest | Source

Controversial events in South Africa during the last week of February 2017

Trend of events in South Africa that will most certainly have serious repercussions in the future:

Xenophobic clashes

Violent xenophobic clashes erupted in Pretoria on Thursday, February 23rd. Houses of immigrants were set alight, their shops were looted and torched, roads were blocked, tires were burnt, stones were thrown, and on top of this a well-organized march against foreigners happens in spite of the Tshwane Metro Police Department's rejection of the organizer's application. President Zuma denies xenophobia. He called all of this a ‘march against crime’. According to the residents of almost all townships - where about 80% of the rich and middle-class and all poor blacks still live – the majority of drug dealers, illegal gun dealers, pimps, robbers and criminals are Nigerians, Somalians, Pakistanis, and Zimbabweans. The National Police Commissioner, however, said that there are just as many South Africans among those foreign outlaws. The xenophobic residents of townships also allege that immigrants steal their jobs. They justify mop justice with their conviction that police officers are on pimps, drug and gun dealers' payrolls, and that is why their complaints are being ignored. More than 130 people were arrested on Thursday alone, and, as I am publishing this hub on Sunday, people busy with xenophobic activities are still being arrested.

South Africa government’s decision to withdraw from the International Criminal Court (ICC) was declared unconstitutional and invalid

The High Court in Pretoria has ruled that the government’s decision to withdraw from the International Criminal Court was unconstitutional and invalid. President Zuma was ordered to withdraw the government's notice of withdrawal. Opposition parties welcomed this ruling of the court.

Heavy rains left a trail of disaster

Heavy rains have left a trail of disaster in many regions of SA. It has, however, also brought an end to the disastrous drought of the past years. (2016 was the lowest rainfall year since rainfall records began in 1904.) Dams are again full, rivers are breaking their banks, and consequently floods occurred. Only Cape Town (a winter-rainfall region) is still facing a crisis.

Allegedly corrupt Brian Molefe sworn in as an ANC Member of Parliament

The former CEO of Eskom, Brian Molefe, was sworn in as an ANC Member of Parliament in spite of opposition parties’ disapproval based on the damning evidence that he had a corrupt relationship with the Gupta-family who allegedly captured SA by bribing ministers and CEO’s in order to obtain state contracts for the delivering of goods and services.

Sugar Tax is to be levied later this year

Finance Minister, Pravin Gordhan, who was named Business Leader of the Year 2016 by SA's top 100 companies, delivered his 2017 National Budget Speech on Wednesday. He announced an increase of personal taxes, as well as an increase of ‘sin taxes’ on alcohol and tobacco. He also added an additional levy on fuel (petrol). Tax on sugar is to be levied later this year South Africans are among the most heavily taxed people in the world!

Rhino poachers attacked a rhino orphanage

While keeping the staff of a rhino orphanage hostage, rhino poachers mutilated two 18-month-old rhinos by removing their horns. One rhino died during the barbaric operation and the other had to be euthanized the next day. Rhino poaching is a serious issue in South Africa!

Local and foreign banks allegedly guilty of manipulating the ZAR

Last week, while I was on holiday, a dozen local and foreign banks were being accused of manipulating the price of SA's currency when selling and buying USA dollars. According to the Competition Commission these banks had colluded to co-ordinate trading in the rand and the US dollar using an instant chat room called ZAR Domination. This is a very serious matter, and the CC is "seeking an order declaring that the Bank of America Merrill Lynch International Limited‚ BNP Paribas‚ JP Morgan Chase & Co‚ JP Morgan Chase Bank N.A‚ Investec Ltd‚ Standard New York Securities Inc.‚ HSBC Bank Plc‚ Standard Chartered Bank‚ Credit Suisse Group; Standard Bank of South Africa Ltd‚ Commerzbank AG; Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited‚ Nomura International Plc.‚ Macquarie Bank Limited are liable for the payment of an administrative penalty equal to 10% of their annual turnover".

MartieCoetser
MartieCoetser

Opinion of an owfma-sa

Local and international news are overwhelming, leaving me with an urge to become a hermit in Shangri-la where peace and tranquility reign. At the same time, or rather after an hour’s abstinence, I need another shot of news.

Being addicted to news is, for sure, as serious and bad as any other addiction!

"News is annoying, repetitive, depressing, largely useless and, in the digital world, omnipresent," said journalist Chis Moss. "The myriad cocktails of language and tone, layout and presentation, image and voice that we call the news – is purposely designed to generate an addiction..."

"... there is “an unrelenting negativity in the mainstream news agenda”, and an obsession with violent crime, human accident, misfortune and disaster... Isn’t it obvious to all that only catastrophic news can prompt the warm rush of schadenfreude, which is its own drug," - observed Professor Charlie Beckett "In this way, news is like fast food, sating us quickly and then leaving us wanting more, or something else. Nothing connects, nothing is in-depth, nothing is fulfilling."

The aging Thomas Jefferson expressed regret that he had wasted so much time reading newspapers. "There is nothing novel about the idea that the news is addictive," he said, and he referred to Schopenhauer who had observed that there’s something more painful than anxiety, and that is BOREDOM. Anxiety is a cure for boredom, and news provides that drama, excitement and anxiety needed by people who are prone to boredom.

Personally, I know that boredom encourages an obsession with Self, and this is what I am subconsciously trying to avoid.

Although I miss the time in my life when I was not at all interested in anything that went on beyond the boundaries of my personal zone - simply because I was too busy raising children and serving a husband and a community - I now need to get nauseous because the ANC-government keeps on wiping their a#s@s off the opinions of their critics, and even of anti-Zumas in their own midst. Only a small core with Jacob Zuma in the center seems to make all the decisions – like withdrawing from the International Criminal Court, and appointing a person with a suspicious reputation as a minister. Thank heavens South Africa’s courts are manned by highly intelligent and respected judges who stick to the laws and the Constitution come hell or high water. It is, however, ad nauseam sad that SA's courts have to keep SA's government in line, and that tax-money, which could be applied to something more essential such as education, infrastructure, health, and housing, is being used to pay the government's legal costs.

I need to become sick with sorrow because heartless, barbaric criminals harm and kill people and animals as far as they go, and sick with disgust because hate and ignorance turns people into savages. I need to cry my heart out because horrible things have happened, and are still happening to good people, while horror seems to encourage and strengthen the bad and the ugly.

I need this torturing as it is my way of escaping from the little jackals in my personal zone – these ailments and pains that come with age, and these regrets because I didn't manage to become stinking rich in order to travel from town to town and country to country.

By the way, an owfma-sa is an ordinary white female middle-aged South African.

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    • marcoujor profile image

      Maria Jordan 3 months ago from Jeffersonville PA

      What a spectacular song...new to me and most fitting, dear Martie.

      Thanks for teaching me the story of the SS Mendi - I'm glad these brave men are remembered in tributes, memorials and wreaths.

      Schadenfreude is a phenomenon that has fascinated and repulsed me since 1999.

      "The aging Thomas Jefferson expressed regret that he had wasted so much time reading newspapers." My thought exactly...

      ... oh and I'm going to send you a song that comes to mind when I think about such atrocities as with those innocent and sweet rhinos who lost their lives because of poaching by... well, you'll see when I send you the song.

      Sending hugs, love and some new pills called 'DEnial', mar

    • profile image

      Nell Rose 3 months ago

      Hi Martie, so much pain and anguish, I just wish you all the best and peace over there one of these days. As for the SS Mendi, I am disgusted to say that until recently its never even been mentioned!

      But then again we English are great for totally ignoring our history. Especially if it makes us look bad or weak. Take for example the fact that 1 and a half million white English, Welsh Irish Scots, Norwegians and so on were taken as slaves over the course of 3 hundred years 1600-1900 by the arabs! but that's been swept under the carpet too so to speak!

      And of course the other one being even closer to home and time, the terrorism from 1970 - 2005 being bombed at least twice a year by irish terrorists, thats been swept away too! We are quick enough to condemn muslims for what they do, but 35 years by these other terrorists have been metaphorically forgotten! and no we didn't scream get the irish out, like we do with the muslims! as Napoleon said about history:History is the version of past events that people have decided to agree upon!

      Great info as always.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 3 months ago from Olympia, WA

      There are those in the U.S. who have an answer to the new dilemma...if they don't like what they hear, they simply call it fake news. Problem solved! It never happened!

      There are so many problems in this world, I don't even know which ones to concentrate my efforts on. It is overwhelming, my friend, and yet we must do something, yes?

    • MartieCoetser profile image
      Author

      Martie Coetser 3 months ago from South Africa

      billybuc – Yip, and if it’s not fake news, there are alternative facts :)) What exactly can we, ordinary people do, I am asking myself. The only answer my mind just produced: We have to stay informed in order to avoid traps and precipices, and in order to warn our friends against the traps/precipices we have detected. Most important: We have to keep our heads and hearts open and clean, and immune to all that is negative in order to love/respect/care for ourselves and our fellow-earthlings. This will in any case keep us busy 24/7. Thank you so much for sharing your thoughts, dear billybuc.

    • Blond Logic profile image

      Mary Wickison 3 months ago from Brazil

      So much of this hub was an eye opener. I had never heard the term schadenfreude but am well aware of the way media sucks people in for more.

      Likewise the Mendi disaster, Nell Rose is right, the British have a way of pushing down uncomfortable history to the point of it being forgotten.

      It sounds like times are difficult for you and your country and these things can create a downward spiral.

      Although I feel people need to be aware of what is going on around, the serenity prayer holds a lot of power. I'm sure you know it but the first part is:

      God grant me the serenity

      to accept the things I cannot change;

      courage to change the things I can;

      and wisdom to know the difference

      Even if you aren't religious, I think the sentiment applies to most things in life.

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Isaac Weithers 3 months ago from The Caribbean

      So saddened by the Mendi Disaster even though it is old news. Can't help thinking of the grieved family members at that time.

      Seems like there is no respect for authority: "in spite of the Tshwane Metro Police Department's rejection of the organizer's application", there is a march?

      Martie, be strong!

    • MartieCoetser profile image
      Author

      Martie Coetser 3 months ago from South Africa

      Nell Rose – Exactly! We forget that we, too, were at a time in history where others are today. We all have had our share of being in a specific phase, and if not, our turn will come. Worse of all about the Mendi: Because of racism the captain of the Darro made no effort to save the people on the Mendi. Another ship lowered its boats and tried to rescue people in the less than half-an-hour the Mendi was above water. On the other hand, is the story about the Darro captain’s racism true? It was a very foggy morning; at 5:00 am still dark (or not up there?), and surely a large cargo ship like the Darro couldn’t have come to a standstill in less than half-an-hour, even after colliding with the smaller Mendi? Anyway, it’s all over and done. Down here, too, the Mendi disaster has been swept under the carpet. Knowing our history keeps us humble and less critical. I like that quote of Napoleon. Absolutely true!

    • MartieCoetser profile image
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      Martie Coetser 3 months ago from South Africa

      marcoujor – The Afrikaans version of Sailor was quite popular down here, and still an evergreen. Recently I was actually surprised to see that it was in fact a translation of Petula Clark’s song! I definitely need those pills, dear Mar. Then I can fight boredom by reading and writing fiction. I’ve done this for years; I can do it again. Thanks for your lovely comment, my dearest Maria

    • MartieCoetser profile image
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      Martie Coetser 3 months ago from South Africa

      Blond Logic – Thank you so much for reminding me of the Serenity Prayer. That is indeed one of my most favorite prayers.

      Yes, times are indeed difficult down here – we are all reaping the almost inedible fruit that was sown by white, racist, supremacists for more than 300 years, and on top of this, we are suffering the consequences of bad and ineffective governance by incompetent and corrupt leaders. Fortunately, we are still growing, slowly but surely.

    • MartieCoetser profile image
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      Martie Coetser 3 months ago from South Africa

      Hi, MsDora! Here is absolutely no respect for authority, and one of the many reasons is because the authority is ineffective and corrupt. I think going down with a sinking ship, or in a falling aircraft, is one of the most horrible things that can happen to a person, besides being brutally attacked by savages. They say the shock, fear and panic, knowing that you’ll be dead in a matter of minutes or seconds, disappear, as the brain automatically releases calming/tranquilizing hormones. I wonder who came back to confirm this as the truth? Anyway, the theory is based on the behavior of animals – when they fall prey to predators.

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Fuller 3 months ago from Southern Illinois

      I know I should have known about the SS Mendi, but I didn't. How sad the black people were used only as workers/slaves. The rhino poaching is barbaric to say the least. I am afraid That I am among the addicted to news as well as Chis Moss. I am also afraid that our freedom of speech is highly in danger. Trump would like to shut them all down, but it will never happen. I am sorry for all the turmoil in SA and the US, but hopefully the good will outweigh the bad. Take care, stay safe, keep writing. Hugs...

    • FlourishAnyway profile image

      FlourishAnyway 3 months ago from USA

      What disgusts me most of all is the part about the rhinos. I have terrible thoughts for those people.

    • AliciaC profile image

      Linda Crampton 3 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      The only part of your news that I had heard about before was the horrible story about the rhinos. There are other very sad notes in your article, including the story of the SS Mendi. Thank you for continuing to share the news from South Africa, Martie. I know it must be hard for you, but it's good that people hear about it. The rest of the world needs to be aware of what is happening in South Africa.

    • MartieCoetser profile image
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      Martie Coetser 3 months ago from South Africa

      always exploring – I honestly hope that the good will outweigh the bad. I am so sick and tired of all the wrongs, which seem to increase at a terrible rate :(

    • MartieCoetser profile image
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      Martie Coetser 3 months ago from South Africa

      AliciaC – Please read my reply to FlourishAnyway’s comment. Knowing, and reporting the trend of events in my country is not at all easy. My emotions are killing me. Anger, sadness, the feeling of total powerlessness, and despair, grind me. I honestly don’t know how long I will be able to continue. My OCPD, however, is still strong. It always kicks in when I am unable to comprehend and process a horrible wrong. The more I write about it, the more it becomes ‘just another reality’ with no power over me.

    • MartieCoetser profile image
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      Martie Coetser 3 months ago from South Africa

      FlourishAnyway – The poaching of our rhinos is an unbearable tragedy, but the Chinese, Koreans, and poacher-syndicates don’t give a damn, as they are all animals, killing their prey without qualms of conscience. And rhino poaching is not all! I’m going to tell you about another tragedy soon: Our donkeys being skinned for the Chinese market! The Chinese seems to be way behind when it comes to medical science and the protection of animals. They see animals only as food and (fake) medicine. And in order to get it, they exploit the greedy, the ignorant, and their equal-two-legged-animals in SA.

    • Jackie Lynnley profile image

      Jackie Lynnley 3 months ago from The Beautiful South

      Guess the world is the same the world over and wow do I know what it is liked to be hooked on news. I laugh at myself sometimes for most of my life I could care less and certainly not into politics, but the last few years have grabbed me. I guess we worry when our world is full of loved ones but now our elections are over things still will not settle down and of course I must see what is happening today!

      God bless you and may our savior keep you well and safe until His return for us.

    • MartieCoetser profile image
      Author

      Martie Coetser 3 months ago from South Africa

      Hi, Jackie Lynnley – The news is a soap-opera and reality show in one. Big Brother comes to mind. May God keep all of us well and safe :)

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