Umesh Kurmi is a semi-qualified Chartered Accountant from the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nepal with seven years of experience.
President of Russia
President Vladimir Putin has been Russia's president since May 7, 2000, when the new chief of the small and economically stagnant Russian Federation succeeded Boris Yeltsin. With a mediocre background in politics, Putin was the first president not to have graduated from a university, but he skillfully leveraged his connections to seize power.
With his useful and technocratic way of dealing with fixing issues, Putin showed up more as a reasonable supervisor than a political pioneer. Be that as it may, as he moved towards his subsequent term, his expanded declaration of leader powers has provoked a few onlookers to rethink their good faith regarding Russia's possibilities for democracy, seeing Putin's activities as a potential turn towards the oppressive rule.
was born to Vladimir Spiridonovich Putin and Maria Ivanovna Putina. His birth date was 7 October 1952. His family lived in Leningrad Soviet Union, which is being renamed Saint Petersburg now.
Vladimir Putin was born on October 7, 1952. He was the only surviving child of his parents Vladimir Spiridonovich Putin and Maria Ivanovna Putina. When he was in his teens, his father worked as a conscript in the Soviet Navy while his mother worked in a samovar factory.
He finished his initial schooling at Leningrad's Primary School No. 193 from 1960 to 1968. He entered secondary school no. 281, a science-centered magnet school under the aegis of an innovation establishment, after eighth grade and finished his education there in 1970.
At age 12, he began practicing sambo and judo. He is a judo black belt and national master of sports in Sambo. Until sixth grade, he was not keen on books.
He was admitted to Leningrad State University in 1970, concentrating on law and graduating in 1975. In the last part of the 1970s and mid-1980s, Mr. Putin went to Moscow's KGB School No. 1.
After the completion of his training, he served as the Second Chief Directorate. His occupation was to screen outsiders and consular authorities in Leningrad. His loyalty earned him a promotion to First Chief Directorate. He also served in Dresden, East Germany. There he was assigned an undercover operation as a translator.
Putin got back to Leningrad in mid-1990, after the fall of the Communist East German government (Berlin Wall), where he labored for a long time with the International Affairs of Leningrad State University.
Before Putin's Presidency
Putin grew up in tough environs in St. Petersburg. But over time, he honed his skills as a cunning street fighter and a scrappy underdog. His ambition was rewarded with a position as a KGB officer in the Soviet intelligence services.
He was profoundly disturbed by the fall of the Berlin Wall, which was followed by the crumbling of the Soviet Union. He was troubled when he returned from Germany to his hometown. He felt dishonored.
His career rise was rapid, with several events helping his ascension. He served in the following prestigious positions from 1997 to 1999 before holding the seat of the presidency:
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- Presidential Executive Office: Deputy Chief of Staff
- Main Control Directorate: Chief
- Presidential Executive Office: First Deputy Chief of Staff
- Federal Security Service: Director
- Russian Federation's Security Council: Secretary
Putin’s final steps to power arrived when he was made Prime Minister of the Russian Government in August 1999. The post was offered to him by then-President Boris Yeltsin.
Putin, like other prime ministers of Boris Yeltsin, was initially regarded as a Yeltsin loyalist/ But unlike Yeltsin's other prime ministers, Putin did not choose his cabinet himself; instead, he relied on the presidential administration to do so.
Russia was in deep poverty at the time due to President Yeltsin's corruption, and the country quickly fell in love with Putin. On December 31, 1999, Yeltsin unexpectedly resigned, and Putin was named acting President of the Russian Federation, according to Russia's constitution. Putin went on a previously scheduled visit to Russian troops in Chechnya after assuming this role.
On May 7, 2000, President Putin was sworn in for the first time. He sought to eradicate corruption and establish a tightly regulated market economy as president.
Putin immediately recovered control of Russia's 89 areas and republics, separating them into seven new government regions, each overseen by an official deputy. He also took away regional governors' right to sit on the Federation Council, Russia's upper house of parliament. Putin has taken steps to curtail the power of Russia's unpopular financiers and media tycoons, known as "oligarchs," by shuttering several media outlets and filing criminal charges against several key figures. In Chechnya in 2002, he confronted a tough spot, with rebels arranging psychological oppressor assaults in Moscow and guerilla assaults on Russian soldiers from the district's mountains. Putin pronounced the tactical mission over, but setbacks continued.
Invasion of Chechnya
Chechnya is a region in the Northern Caucasus that has fought foreign rule throughout history, including the Ottoman Turks in the 15th century. After Stalin died in 1957, Nikita Kruschchev permitted the Chechens to return, and the Chechen Republic was reestablished in 1958.
Chechnya proclaimed liberation during the crumbling of the Soviet Union in 1990-91. At the point when Russian powers entered Chechnya in 1994 to "re-establish constitutional order," the main Chechen War started. The Russian soldiers were removed from the Republic after almost two years of merciless battling in which several thousand to above 100,000 individuals died.
A bomb in Kaspiysk (Dagestan) on November 16, 1996, destroyed an apartment building housing Russian border guards, killing 68 people. The cause of the explosion was never determined, but Chechen separatists were blamed by many in Russia.
In September 1999, 62 individuals were killed in apartment complexes lodging Russian warriors' families; throughout the following two weeks, three other apartments and a shopping center were bombarded, killing almost 300 individuals altogether.
Russia sent off a gigantic air crusade over Chechnya in late August and September 1999, apparently to clear out aggressors who had attacked Dagestan the prior month.
In May 2000, Russian President Vladimir Putin laid out direct rule over Chechnya. Another Chechen constitution was endorsed in a mandate on March 23, 2003. The Chechen Republic's constitution of 2003 granted it significant autonomy while remaining firmly tied to Russia and Moscow's rule, and it went into effect on April 2, 2003.
Criminal Prosecution of Khodorkovsky
Putin was reappointed president for the second time on March 14, 2004, with 71 percent of the vote. The Beslan school prisoner emergency happened in September 2004, and many individuals were killed. The National Priority Projects drive was sent off in 2005 to further develop Russia's medical services, education, lodging, and farming.
The criminal arraignment of Russia's then-most wealthy man, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, President of Yukos oil and gas organization, for misrepresentation and tax avoidance, was seen by the world media as reprisal for Khodorkovsky's gifts to both liberal and socialist adversaries of the Kremlin.
Khodorkovsky was arrested, Yukos went bankrupt, and the company's assets were auctioned off at a fraction of their market value, with the state-owned Rosneft acquiring the lion's share. The fate of the Yukos was interpreted as a sign of Russia's broader shift toward a system of state capitalism.
On Putin's birthday, October 7, 2006, Anna Politkovskaya, a columnist who uncovered defilement in the Russian armed force and its lead in Chechnya, was shot dead in the anteroom of her apartment complex.
Politkovskaya's death sparked international outrage, with accusations that Putin failed to protect the country's new independent media. Putin expressed that her death created a bigger number of issues for public authority than her work.
The resistance bunch The Other Russia, driven by previous chess champion Garry Kasparov and National-Bolshevist pioneer Eduard Limonov, coordinated "Protesters Marches" in 2007. Following prior warnings, police responded to protests in several Russian cities by interfering with protestors' travel and arresting up to 150 people who attempted to break through police lines.
9. Political Dominance
The Constitution forbids Putin from serving a third term. Dmitry Medvedev, First Deputy Prime Minister, was picked as his substitution. On May 8, 2008, just a day in the wake of giving over the administration to Medvedev, Putin was elected Prime Minister of Russia, solidifying his political predominance.
On September 24, 2011, at the United Russia Congress in Moscow, Medvedev officially proposed that Putin run for President in 2012, which Putin accepted.
Tens of thousands of Russians protested against alleged electoral fraud following the parliamentary elections on December 4, 2011, the largest protest in Putin's tenure. Putin's detractors chastised Putin and United Russia and requested that the election results be dissolved.
Somewhere between 2005 and 2012, Putin purportedly coordinated a few paramilitary gatherings faithful to himself and the United Russia Party. Putin won the 2012 Russian presidential elections in the first round with 63.60 percent of the decision on March 4, 2012, regardless of far-reaching allegations of vote-fixing. Resistance groups denounced Putin and the United Russia Party for political decision misrepresentation.
Protests against Putin occurred both during and immediately following the presidential campaign. The most well-known protest was the Pussy Riot performance on February 21st and the subsequent trial. On 6 May, an estimated 8,000 to 20,000 protestors gathered in Moscow, where 80 people were injured in a clash with police and 450 were arrested, with another 120 arrested the next day.
The world is keeping a wary eye on Vladimir Putin as he continues to consolidate his power and test the limits of his political influence.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2022 Umesh Kurmi