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Who Are These Libertarians and Where Do They Come From?

Garry Reed combined a professional technical writing career with a passion for all things libertarian to become the Libertarian Opinionizer.

Who are libertarians?

Who are libertarians?

Commentary From Your Libertarian Opinionizer

We know where libertarians come from. They come from the political left, the political right, and the non-political; they come from New Hampshire and California and Nebraska; they come from white and black and brown and endlessly rainbow-colored racial and ethnic families and non-families. They come from male and female and LGBTQ. And more. Libertarians come from everywhere.

What is really meant by the question, of course, is why some people come to libertarianism from all of those places and more while others from those very same places and more don’t come to libertarianism.

Since libertarianism is as intellectually heterogeneous as the people who populate it, the first thing to understand about the answer to the question is libertarianism itself.

What is known as the Modern American Libertarian Movement comes in two major categories typically identified as “big L” and “little L.” Libertarian with a capital L—characteristically referring to the Libertarian Party or LP—represents the political side of the movement, while lower case libertarian refers to the philosophical side. Not all libertarians are Libertarian Party members and, as many thinking lower-case libertarians will argue, not all Libertarian Party members are libertarians.

It’s almost a certainty, in fact, that the overall movement is made up of far more non-LP libertarians than card-carrying Party Libertarians.

Jacob H. Huebert addresses all of this and more in his audiobook. But more on that in a bit.


How Do People Get Libertarianized?

The first question here is: How do people become libertarian in the first place?

Ask a hundred libertarians how they became libertarians, and you are virtually guaranteed to get a hundred different answers.

And all those answers actually point to one single answer: individualism. Somewhere within the innate personalities of those who eventually become libertarians, whether obvious on the surface or buried deep within, there is that spark of individualism.

That’s not to say that everyone imbued with strong individualist personalities becomes libertarian, but those without that individualist attribute are not likely to become libertarians unless they develop that spark later in life.

Those same hundred libertarians will also give you dozens of different definitions of their personal libertarian belief system. There will be Libertarian Party members of course, but a plethora of philosophical libertarians, constitutionalist libertarians, laissez-faire free market libertarians, anarchists, anarcho-capitalists, minarchists, voluntaryists, individualists, agorists, objectivists, post-statists, and the list will likely go on beyond those self-identities like those who self-identify as Misesians, Randians, Rothbartians, Freidmanites, and ad infinitum.

American Libertarianism, in short, is a big tent with three rings and high-wire acts all offering interrelated and competing philosophical ideas all at once. Jacob H. Huebert’s Libertarianism Today—published a decade ago by Laissez-Faire Books but perhaps even more relevant and accessible now in Audiobook—speaks to all of this. A contemporary review by Walter Block in the Mises Institute’s library offers this quote that shows the author’s big tent concept that welcomes religious people, natural rightists, utilitarians and all those other unnamed ad infinitums:

“To accept libertarianism, at least in its purest form, one has to agree with the non-aggression principle—the idea that it is wrong to defraud or use aggressive force against another person. Why would someone accept that idea? Libertarians do so for different reasons.”


What Does It Mean?

In short, being libertarian is more than just politics. Being libertarian is an attitude, a belief system, a lifestyle, a moral stance, a philosophy that rests on the non-aggression principle against coercion, intimidation and fraud that encompasses the golden rule, the live and let live tenant, the good neighbor policy and the very lesson that all good people teach their own children: Don’t hit, don’t bully, don’t lie.

Many will point to books or individuals who influenced them but that simply brings up another question: Why are some receptive to libertarian ideas while others similarly exposed are not?

Many claim they were always libertarian long before they ever heard the word “libertarian.” Maybe they just naturally sought to make sense of the world around them rather than accepting everything they were told. Others may have just grown up inquisitive; give them a choice between two alternatives, and they instinctively looked for third, fourth and fifth options.

Whatever that initial spark was, it then had to survive the bombardment of conformism from family and friends, from school and church, and from the greater social and cultural forces that can so easily extinguish that spark.

The Spark and the Effort

Still, that spark is just the start. To fully understand, appreciate and apply libertarianism requires intellectual effort. It isn’t as easy as adopting someone’s authoritarian groupthink set-piece like some form of left or right socialism that claims everyone can live at the expense of everyone else if they only just swallow the promises and follow along.


They Seek Choice

In his Quora article, staunch libertarian Henry Walleski (now banned from Quora for no specified reason) explained what this intellectual effort results in for those who turn that spark into intellectual effort:

“Unfortunately for their political adversaries, libertarians are a different breed altogether because libertarians usually arrive at their principles through an arduous process of intellectual and often psychological discovery. They are quite certain of the correctness of their belief system—which extends beyond themselves and their own self-interest. Unlike most others, libertarians are not actually interested in obtaining or maintaining political power: they despise political power as corrupt and fraudulent; their objective is to dismantle it.”

Libertarians, because they so naturally self-identify as individualists, are often vilified as being anti-social. But libertarians are social animals as much as everyone else, barring the occasional recluse, cave-dwelling survivalist or Himalayan mountaintop-perched Zen Buddhist. It’s simply that, unlike collectivists who attempt to impose specific social mandates on everyone, libertarians choose to peacefully interact with others. It’s not an issue of social versus antisocial, it’s an issue of coercion versus voluntaryism.

It's choice libertarians seek. Libertarians routinely join, participate in and leave all sorts of social interactions as a matter of personal decision-making. That’s all individualism really means.


The Fundamental Beliefs

Libertarianism, as noted, comes from within a person; by definition, it cannot be imposed by someone from the outside. Some accuse libertarianism of being a religion, and in fact, many religious people do find libertarianism to be compatible with their religious beliefs, but for the vast majority, libertarianism is simply a commitment to their fellow humans based on common decency.

See the “non-aggression principle” again prizes self-ownership, individual freedom, personal responsibility and one’s own integrity that rejects the use of physical force except in the form of self-defense against those who would initiate force against them.

Self-Ownership and Individualism

A strong component of libertarianism is self-ownership. You own your own self, your own mind, your own body and therefore the things you create and justly acquire with your own mind and body. If not, then who owns you? The country? The government? The society? The people? The politicians? The Borg? Everyone?

This is essentially a corollary of the non-aggression principle, that no one has the right to initiate coercion, intimidation or fraud against another specifically because no one owns anyone else.

Yes, as with all philosophical questions, this can and should be debated endlessly. But that would be a separate issue for a separate place. You have had or can have these and other discussions elsewhere. The intent here has been to introduce the basic concepts of libertarianism to those who are new to it.


Where to Start

If you have that innate spark of individualism within you, that spark of irresistible questioning, of searching for answers, of seeking freedom and self-value, then you will pursue these and all the other issues about libertarianism on your own, in your own way, in your own time.

Libertarians can be anyone and come from anywhere. And if you are already a libertarian yourself and want to encourage young emerging libertarians, you might consider recommending Jacob Huebert’s Libertarianism Today as it is the introductory book most highly praised by his fellow libertarians.

Here’s how Walter Block ended his review of that book, and how Your Libertarian Opinionizer will end this article:

“This is a brilliant, magnificent book. It is the work of a libertarian genius, one who, happily, has many years, no, many decades, in which to make that signal contribution to libertarianism I have grown to expect from this young man. I am privileged and honored to be a member of the same libertarian movement as he. If the future of liberty is in the hands of young men such as this, I cannot help but be optimistic.”

Why Be Libertarian? “It is our view that a flourishing libertarian movement, a lifelong dedication to liberty can only be grounded on a passion for justice. Here must be the mainspring of our drive, the armor that will sustain us in all the storms ahead.”—Murray N. Rothbard

Key Concepts of Libertarianism “Libertarians see the individual as the basic unit of social analysis. Only individuals make choices and are responsible for their actions. Libertarian thought emphasizes the dignity of each individual, which entails both rights and responsibility.”—David Boaz

The Simplicity of Libertarianism “In a libertarian society, what is considered immoral, unethical, or sinful is the domain of conscience, family, and religion, not puritanical busybodies, nanny-statists, or government bureaucrats.”—Laurence M. Vance

How To Argue For Libertarianism “Generally speaking (for there are always exceptions in matters like this), libertarians are a cut or two above the masses in the reasoning they have invested in their political beliefs.” —George H. Smith

This content reflects the personal opinions of the author. It is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and should not be substituted for impartial fact or advice in legal, political, or personal matters.