Republicans and Democrats Did Not Switch Sides on Race

Updated on August 7, 2019
Maya Shedd Temple profile image

Expository essay writing in history, philosophy, politics, and spirituality keeps the mind sharp and satisfies its thirst for knowledge.

Abraham Lincoln

Source

Introduction: Revising History

Various leftist political factions have filled historical reportage with inaccurate claims that persist; for example, it is claimed that in establishing the guiding document for the United States, the Founding Fathers, who composed the Constitution, thought that blacks were only three/fifths human. Even Condoleezza Rice, an educated, accomplished former Secretary of State, misspoke when she said, "In the original U.S. Constitution, I was only three-fifths of a person." Such a misstatement by a sophisticated and knowledgeable person just shows how widespread and deep some errors have been carved into the culture. The Three/Fifths Compromise focused on representation to congress not on the humanity of each individual person.

Then there is the false assertion that "Nazis" are right wing. The term "Nazi" is short for National Socialist German Worker Party, translation from the German, "Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei." The right wing has never endorsed "socialism." Along with "fascism," the term by definition includes statism or government control of the lives of citizens—the antithesis of the right wing stance.

Lyndon Johnson

Source

Confronting an Inconvenient History

When confronted with inconvenient history of their party regarding the issue of race, the United States Democratic Party members and its sycophants insist that the Republican and Democratic Parties simply switched positions on race, after the Republicans had ushered in the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This ludicrous claim can easily be laid to rest with a few pertinent facts.

President Lyndon Johnson, a Democrat, signed the civil right bill in to law; however, Johnson himself had labored tirelessly against earlier civil rights legislation. By signing that bill, Johnson merely demonstrated that he had come to believe that the way for Democrats to get and keep power in future was to pacify and humor blacks, instead of denigrating them and segregating them from whites.

On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, which stated "that all persons held as slaves are, and henceforward shall be free." The country had already been suffering three years of a bloody Civi War to end slavery. Democrats had been lobbying for and passing legislation such as the Jim Crow laws and Black Codes for over a century—all designed to keep the black population from enjoying the fruits of citizenship.

Allegedly, Johnson quipped, “I'll have those ni**ers voting Democrat for the next 200 years.” That infamous statement clearly reveals where Johnson's loyalties lay: with acquiring power for the Democratic Party and not for the African American citizens.

In a feeble endeavor to deconstruct Johnson's racist position, David Emery at snopes.com labels the claim regarding Johnson's remark "unproven." But then as he continues his biased analysis, Emery reveals other suggestions that make it clear that Johnson's beliefs rendered him the consummate racist. For example, Emery offers the report, in which according to Doris Kearns Godwin, Johnson quipped:

These Negroes, they're getting pretty uppity these days and that's a problem for us since they've got something now they never had before, the political pull to back up their uppityness. Now we've got to do something about this, we've got to give them a little something, just enough to quiet them down, not enough to make a difference.

After much useless bloviating, David Emery admits, "Circling back to the quote with which we started, it wouldn't have been entirely out of character for LBJ to have said something like, 'I'll have those niggers (sic) voting Democratic (sic) for 200 years'"; however, Emery doubts it, of course.

President Lyndon Johnson using the "N" word

House and Senate Vote Tally for the Civil Rights Act 1964

The following is a breakdown of the voting tally in the House and Senate for the Civil Rights Act of 1964:

Democrats: House 153 out of 244 = 63%
Republicans: House 136 out of 171 = 80%
Democrats: Senate 46 out of 67 = 69%
Republicans: Senate 27 out of 33 = 82%

While 80% of the Republicans in the House of Representatives voted for the Civil Rights Act of 1964, only 63% of the Democrats voted aye. Also while in the Senate, 82% percent of Republicans voted for the bill, only 69% of Democrats did.

KKK Formed by Former Democrats

Attempt to Rehabilitate by Geography

In order to try to rehabilitate the Democrats' negative voting record on civil rights, leftists have pointed out that when one accounts for geographical positioning of the members of the house and senate, the voting tallies this way:

The original House version:

Southern Democrats: 7–87 (7–93%)
Southern Republicans: 0–10 (0–100%)
Northern Democrats: 145–9 (94–6%)
Northern Republicans: 138–24 (85–15%)

The Senate version:

Southern Democrats: 1–20 (5–95%) (Ralph Yarborough of Texas voted yea)
Southern Republicans: 0–1 (0–100%) (John Tower of Texas voted nay)
Northern Democrats: 45–1 (98–2%) (Robert Byrd of West Virginiavoted nay)
Northern Republicans: 27–5 (84–16%)

This set of votes shows that no southern senate Republicans voted for the act, but there was only one southern Republican in the senate. And also no house Republican voted for the act, but again there were only ten southern Republicans in the house. This low number of Republicans in the house and senate when converted to percentages skews the reality of the fact that the overall vote, which is the vote that counts, clearly outs the Democrats as opposers of the act. And the Democrats' main reason for voting against the act was based on race, especially in the south; however, all of the Republican senators, both north and south, who voted against the act, did so because they favored Senator Barry Goldwater's position, who remained against the act, not because of racial animus but because of his belief that it was unconstitutional in usurping states' rights, especially in the area of private business (see below).

The senate Republicans voting against the act were Bourke B. Hickenlooper (IA), chairman of the Senate Republican Policy Committee; Norris Cotton of New Hampshire (NH), Edwin L. Mechem (NM), Milward L. Simpson (WY), and a John G. Tower (TX).

The history of the Republican Party begins with the fact that the party was established primarily for the abolition of slavery. Yet over a century later, modern-day Democrats such Charlie Rangel are pushing the notion that the Republican and Democratic parties simply "changed sides" in the 1960s on civil rights. This facile excuse is widely spewed by Democrats when confronted with their own undeniably racist past. However, the facts do not bare out but rather reveal the persistent inaccuracy that the parties simply switched sides.

Democrats Are The Real Racists

Barry Goldwater

Source

Barry Goldwater ABC 20/20 Interview

Three Events Misrepresented by Democrats

The persistent fantasy of the two party switching sides is partially based on three significant events that have been twisted and spun by Democrats and their sycophants in the biased liberal media:

1. Barry Goldwater’s position regarding the Civil Right Act of 1964. Goldwater did oppose that bill in its final form because he argued that it was unconstitutional, in that it usurped state and individual rights. Goldwater had helped found the Arizona’s NAACP, and he had voted for earlier versions of the civil rights legislation. Thus, Goldwater's opposition was not similar to the Democrats' opposition based on racism; Goldwater's opposition was based on the interpretation of the Constitution that guarantees basic individual rights.

2. The Southern Strategy. With this strategy, the Republican Party were attempting to demonstrate to southern Democrats that by continuing to vote for racist/socialist Democrats they were voting against their economic interests. What gave Democrats the opening to use this strategy against Republicans was that the Republicans utilized racist political bigots, who were, in fact, Democrats themselves, to help win votes for Republicans. This strategy prompted the GOP opponents to misrepresent the Republican's purpose and thus label it primarily racist, when it was, in fact, based on economic growth.

3. The American South turning to Red from Blue. This claim falls apart with the fact that the “Deep South” took 30 years to begin changing from Democrat to Republican. It was only in the peripheral South, which includes Tennessee, Texas, and Georgia, that many working-class transplants, relocating from the northern states as well as from other parts of the United States, understood that the Republican Party offered policies that promoted business, commerce, and entrepreneurial success. Those transplants, after all, had relocated south to improve their financial status through their new jobs. Racism at this point in the country's history had begun to wane as a political force. But the Democratic Party has continued to foment and fabricate unrest between the races in order to employ racism as an issue against their opponents in the Republican Party.

The Democrats Institutionalized Racism

Democratic Policies Have Kept Blacks in Poverty

The main reason the Democratic Party hatched the idea that the parties simply switched positions was to gain power. Reverend Wayne Perryman explains:

Many believed the Democrats had a change of heart and fell in love with blacks. To the contrary, history reveals the Democrats didn’t fall in love with black folks, they fell in love with the black vote knowing this would be their ticket into the White House.

The economist Thomas Sowell has also shed light on the subject: "some of the most devastating policies, in terms of their actual effects on black people, have come from liberal Democrats." Sowell emphasizes that the "minimum wage laws" everywhere they have been established have a "track record of increasing unemployment, especially among the young, the less skilled and minorities."

According to "How the Liberal Welfare State Destroyed Black America," the "War on Poverty," the programs established by the Johnson administration brought about conditions which furthered the rise of poverty among black families. By discouraging marriage, these policies have resulted in out-of-wedlock birthrates that have skyrocketed, "among all demographic groups in the U.S., but most notably African Americans."

The U.S. out-of-wedlock birthrate in the 1960s hovered around 3% for whites and close to 8% for all Americans; that rate was around 25% for blacks. But, by the mid 1970s those rates had increased to 10% for whites, 25% for all Americans, and over 50% for blacks. Then by late 1980s, the birth-rate of unmarried black women had become greater than for married black women. Today the out-of-wedlock birth rate for blacks has climbed to almost 75%.

The Census Bureau maintains that poverty is closely associated with out-of-wedlock births ("Census Bureau Links Poverty With Out-of-Wedlock Births").

(Please Note: The link to the article, "Census Bureau Links Poverty With Out-of-Wedlock Births," is not broken, despite the continuing claim made by this site's broken link detector.)

Unfair Race Policies Have Been Unsystematized

There is no argument that stands up against the fact that racism as an issue of public policy has been unsystematized since the passage of the civil rights acts of the 1960s. No more Jim Crow laws or Black Codes anywhere call for racial discrimination as they had before the passage of those civil right laws. Before the passage of those bills, not only did racist laws exist, they were enforced by legal authorities as well as the Ku Klux Klan, which functioned as a "terrorist arm of the Democratic Party" to oppress black citizens.

Still, leftist historians such as Carole Emberton, an associate professor of history at the University at Buffalo, continue to use, "the party lines of the 1860s/1870s are not the party lines of today" bromide to attempt to separate the Democratic Party's engagement from the Ku Klux Klan, in the same breath as admitting, "that various 'Klans' that sprung up around the South acted as a 'strong arm' for many local Democratic politicians during Reconstruction."

Democrats continue to employ the fallacious claim that racism is still a "systemic" problem. They peddle this fiction so they can insist that only the Democratic Party is willing to fight against that fantasized systemic blight on society. But again and again, the Democratic Party's policies have been used as Lyndon Johnson used them to placate blacks by making them think they are getting something that no political party even has the power to give: financial security and equality with guaranteed outcomes.

Political parties, when in power, can help the voting public only by instituting policies that encourage financial success and individual freedom. They cannot guarantee that success. They cannot legislate individual success through identity politics.

Al Gore

Source

The Inconvenient Truth About the Democratic Party

Democrat Strategy to Gain Power

The Democratic Party and its allies continue to employ the false claim that the two parties exchanged positions on race, in an attempt to gain power and to rehabilitate the party's racist past. Party members and its minions continue to tie most issues to race because that tactic seems to have worked for gaining power. But when voters look at the basic facts, that claim begins to lose its strength.

For example, citing the voter ID issue as a racist Republican strategy simply bolsters the evidence that Republicans are, in fact, not racist. A majority of black citizens and voters also are in favor of the voter ID laws. However, the Democrats vehemently and inaccurately continues to rails again voter ID laws because they know that those laws would impede voter fraud—a staple in the machine to elect Democrats to government.

Democrats have been attempting to whitewash their racist past for decades; to do so, they often fabricate history. For example, as a candidate for the presidency in 2000, Al Gore falsely stated to the NAACP that his father, Al Gore, Sr., had lost his senate seat because he voted for the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Gore, Sr., voted against that act, as he supported and joined in the filibuster against that act. Gore, Sr. then sponsored an amendment that would take the teeth out of the enforcement power of that bill, just in case it passed.

Strom Thurmond

Source

Dinesh D'Souza: "Majority of Dixiecrats Never Switched"

Dixiecrats Became Republicans?

Democrats also point to the rise of the Dixiecrats that supposedly shows that racist Democrats became Republicans. However, it is a fact is that only two Democrats-turned-Dixiecrat, left the Democratic Party for the Republican Party: Senator Strom Thurmond traded in his party alliance with the Democrats to join the Republicans in 1964—not because he continued to support racism, but because he began repudiating it. Frances Rice explains: "Thurmond was never in the Ku Klux Klan and, after he became a Republican, Thurmond defended blacks against lynching and the discriminatory poll taxes imposed on blacks by Democrats."

Governor Mills E. Godwin, Jr. of Virginia abandoned the Democrats for the Republican Party in 1974. But again, like Thurmond, Godwin abandoned his racist past and served as Virginia governor first while a Democrat and then as a Republican.

Robert Byrd

Source

Did the Old Racist Democrats Become Today's Republicans? (Urban Legend)

Thurgood Marshall

Source

Moments In History: Remembering Thurgood Marshall

Clarence Thomas

Source

October 11, 1991: Clarence Thomas Full Opening Statement

Democrat Hypocrisy About Racist Past

West Virginia's Robert Byrd, a former Ku Klux Klan Exalted Cyclops and long serving Democratic senator, did renounce his earlier support for segregation and racism; however, Byrd was the only senator to vote against confirmation to the Supreme Court of Justice Thurgood Marshall, a Democrat. Byrd also joined 47 of his fellow Democratic senators as he voted against Justice Clarence Thomas, a Republican. Neither a black Democrat nor a black Republican could pass muster with the former Klansman.

Senator Christopher Dodd praised Byrd highly by stating that Byrd would have been "a great senator for any moment." To this potentially inflammatory remark, the Democrats remained silent. Then later after Senator Trent Lott spoke kind words of Senator Strom Thurmond, the Democrats with their usual hypocrisy lambasted Lott unmercifully. It made no difference that Thurmond had never served as a member of the Ku Klux Klan while Byrd had risen to the high position of Exalted Cyclops.

Regarding Democrat hypocrisy, Alex Knepper has remarked: ". . . being a Democrat means that you can promote segregation, join the KKK, vote against both black Supreme Court nominees, and use the word “ni**er” on national television — and still be remembered as a promoter of black interests." The Democratic Party has raised hypocrisy to an art form in its pursuit of power.

Racism: Democrats and Republicans Switch Sides?

Despite Lack of Blatant Racism, Democratic Policies Harmful to Everyone

It is most unlikely that the majority of the members of the Democratic Party are racists today. Yet, it remains unconscionable that so many Democrats label Republicans racist and bigot in pursuit of political power against their opponents. Democrats cannot legitimately deny the many studies that offer support to the argument proffered by Republicans that Democratic policies are detrimental not only to black citizens but to all citizens.

The basic Democratic Party philosophy is based on grabbing the financial rewards from certain groups—namely, "the rich"—to give to others—namely, "the poor." In practice this Robin Hood falsehood ultimately means taking form those who earn and redistributing it to friends and allies of the redistributors. Such a system cannot possibly succeed. It can only create victims whose ability to produce becomes atrophied by the false promises of pandering politicians.

Democrats will continue to play the race card because they have become utter failures at convincing the majority of the electorate that their policies work. Citizens have become dissatisfied with the actual theft of their earnings, as they have watched while decade upon decade has demonstrated that their shabby, crime filled cities are, in fact, the result of Democrat policy fecklessness.

The brilliant economist Thomas Sowell has pointed out repeatedly that the policies of Democrats have prevented the black population from rising out of poverty. Many of the poorest cities in the USA have been run by Democrats for decades. According to Investor's Business Daily,

When Democrats are in control, cities tend to go soft on crime, reward cronies with public funds, establish hostile business environments, heavily tax the most productive citizens and set up fat pensions for their union friends. Simply put, theirs is a Blue State blueprint for disaster. ("How Decades Of Democratic Rule Ruined Some Of Our Finest Cities")

(Please Note: The link to the article, "How Decades Of Democratic Rule Ruined Some Of Our Finest Cities," is not broken, despite the continuing claim made by this site's broken-link detector.)

Perhaps, it is time that African Americans adopt a different mind-set and realize, as Rev. Perryman avers, that the Democratic Party is interested only in their vote not in their welfare. As President Donald Trump asked as a candidate during his 2016 presidential campaign, "What do you have to lose?"

Postscript: The Ultimate Hypocrisy

If all of the above is not enough to convince the electorate, especially the African American community, that the Democratic Party is not that community's friend, then they might want to consider the Democratic Party's support for Planned Parenthood. According to the D. C. McAllister,

Planned Parenthood is one of the greatest perpetrators of violence against African Americans in this country. It’s founded on racism, perpetuates racism, and kills more than 850 African Americans every day.

Please try to imagine the outcry against them, if it were Republicans, who vehemently supported this institution of black genocide.

Sources

(Please Note: The link to the article, "Census Bureau Links Poverty With Out-of-Wedlock Births," is not broken, despite the continuing claim made by this site's broken-link detector.)

(Please Note: The link to the article, "How Decades Of Democratic Rule Ruined Some Of Our Finest Cities," is not broken, despite the continuing claim made by this site's broken-link detector.)

Opinion Poll

Since the American Civil War, which party's policies have been better for the African American community?

See results

Questions & Answers

  • How do you square all this with the fact the Abraham Lincoln was a Democrat?

    Despite your cocksure claim, Abraham Lincoln was never a Democrat. The former Whig, in fact, became the first Republican president: https://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h837.html

  • Why did the KKK officially endorse Trump in 2016? Is the KKK suddenly "not racist" now?

    The implication of your question is false. Candidates and government officials cannot be held responsible for the ideology of their supporters. President Trump has many times disavowed any so-called support from David Duke and the KKK: "I disavowed him. I disavowed the KKK. Do you want me to do it again for the 12th time? I disavowed him in the past, I disavow him now." https://www.cnn.com/2016/03/03/politics/donald-tru... and https://www.ajc.com/news/national-govt--politics/d...

    A number of black celebrities also supported and still support Trump. By your logic, that makes them racists: https://www.essence.com/celebrity/black-donald-tru...

    David Duke now supports anti-Semitic congresswoman, Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-MN): https://forward.com/fast-forward/419150/ilhan-omar... By your logic, that support proves Rep. Omar's anti-Semitism. No, only her own words do that, but it does show David Duke's continued bigotry and hatred. And unlike Trump, Omar has not disavowed David Duke: https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/if-ilha...

    BTW, here is something you might have missed: "Ku Klux Klan Grand Dragon Will Quigg Endorses Hillary Clinton for President" https://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2016-03-14/ku...

  • Who was the president to be the first from the Republican Party?

    The first Republican Party candidate for the presidency was John C. Frémont, who ran unsuccessfully in 1856. The first Republican to be elected was Abraham Lincoln in the election of 1860.

  • Why do Democrats continue to play the race card?

    Their policies fail to work. Thus, they use the race card as a distraction.

  • What is considered the most racist thing Lyndon Johnson ever said?

    The most racist effusion from LBJ is likely his quip, “I'll have those ni**ers voting Democrat for the next 200 years.” That infamous statement clearly reveals where Johnson's loyalties lay: with acquiring power for the Democratic Party and not for the African American citizens.

© 2017 Linda Sue Grimes

Comments

Submit a Comment
  • Maya Shedd Temple profile imageAUTHOR

    Linda Sue Grimes 

    2 months ago from U.S.A.

    Just a few quick points:

    1. "A great deal of this information should be common knowledge for anyone spending 12+ years in taxpayer funded institutions of primary 'education'."

    True. However, since the 1980s after the HowardZinning of the teaching history, that "common knowledge" has been suppressed in favor of lies such as the one being debunked in this article.

    2. "I would like to offer my opinion that support for the civil rights act of 1964 doesn't determine one's views on 'race'."

    Yes, however, you offer the counter to your own claim when you say, "Even the 13th amendment, which essentially repeats a portion of the 5th A with the words 'slavery nor involuntary servitude' added, would be unnecessary if the COTUS was being adhered to in the first place though I DO UNDERSTAND WHY THE CEREMONY OF ITS RATIFICATION WAS IMPORTANT." (my emphasis added)

    Many laws could be stricken from the legal canon, "if the COTUS was being adhered to in the first place." It seems that a "civil rights" bill has been introduced every year since the first one, The Civil Rights Act of 1866; however, only eight "Civil Rights Acts" have been passed by the COTUS.

    3. " 'Jim Crow' wasn't an attitude, it was a law . . . "

    At this remark, I begin to wonder if you are actually addressing my article or some other. I mention "Jim Crow" twice and both times in the phrase, "Jim Crow laws and Black Codes." Yet you seem to be correcting me for stating that "Jim Crow" was an attitude, which I did not.

    4. "Legally mandated segregation is unconstitutional, says so right in the 5th amendment."

    Here is the text of Amendment V: "No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation."

    It would take some seriously complex twisted wrangling to find the 5th amendment mandating against "legally mandated segregation." Kind of like finding that "penumbra of privacy" that allows abortion under the Constitution.

    5. "Socially mandated segregation however, 'African-American' for instance, has become political currency."

    Yes, it has, for the benefit of the Democratic Party that panders to blacks for their votes. And thank you for offering your own ethnic label time-line to demonstrate the futility of hyphenated Americanism.

    "Racism" will become passé only after enough folks realize that "race" does not exist, and that obfuscating, deceptive politicians who rely on the race card to acquire power must be defeated.

    Thank you for your comment! I hope you will consider changing your moniker. You write like someone who thinks, not someone who stinks.

  • profile image

    StinkyBarbie 

    2 months ago

    A great deal of this information should be common knowledge for anyone spending 12+ years in taxpayer funded institutions of primary 'education'. I would like to offer my opinion that support for the civil rights act of 1964 doesn't determine one's views on 'race'. I do not support it. Even the 13th amendment, which essentially repeats a portion of the 5th A with the words 'slavery nor involuntary servitude' added, would be unnecessary if the COTUS was being adhered to in the first place though I do understand why the ceremony of its ratification was important. Ending prejudice will forever be a fool's game made worse by laws and mandates that further segregate people. The founder's thought that many of these issues would be decided by property rights, another term for 'free association'. 'Jim Crow' wasn't an attitude, it was a law, and like all laws of that nature took a situation resolvable under existing laws and made it worse by mandating action which is absurd, especially for those footing the bill. Legally mandated segregation is unconstitutional, says so right in the 5th amendment. Socially mandated segregation however, 'African-American' for instance, has become political currency. Seriously if I am second generation Portuguese being called American then blacks with 7 generations under their belt are far ahead of me in that line. My hope is that Americans, thats all of us, will reject this whole 'who is more racist' three card monty sooner rather than later. The color of one's skin ought not be a political consideration.

  • Maya Shedd Temple profile imageAUTHOR

    Linda Sue Grimes 

    10 months ago from U.S.A.

    Len, thank you for adding this useful, accurate information. Employing clear, well-researched resources such as Chernow's biography on Grant remains vital for understanding our history. The Douglass quotation certainly offers a corrective that places the spotlight on those who attempt to revise history in service of rehabilitating the racist past of the Democratic Party.

    Yes, the two "Johnsons" certainly did their share in keeping blacks from attaining their rightful place as American citizens, despite LBJ's reluctant but opportunistic signing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

    It does seem that we remain in that same event chain you describe with our presidents: Trump is cleaning up after Obama, just as Bush had to clean up after Clinton, and on back to Reagan mitigating the mess left by Carter. Such is the functioning of our democratic republic!

    Thank you for your informative response! I do appreciate comments like yours that actually add some valuable, additional information to discussion. Have a blessed day, Len!

  • profile image

    Len Jones 

    10 months ago

    A great and truthful article. Thank you Ms. Grimes. If one wants to challenge Ms. Grimes they only need to read the book, Grant by Ron Chernow. One outstanding passage is the quote by the most prominent black of his time(1872) by Frederick Douglas who said, "If as a class we are slighted by the republican party, we are as a class murdered by the democratic party." President Lincoln was murdered shortly after Lee surrendered to Grant, therefore, giving the blacks the two worst presidents in history, both named Johnson, and it was a republican president that continued to fight for blacks and that was U.S. Grant. Andrew Johnson threw away everything that Lincoln achieved from the civil war and Grant revived it.

  • Maya Shedd Temple profile imageAUTHOR

    Linda Sue Grimes 

    13 months ago from U.S.A.

    Response to Megan Dee Jones:

    The statism of fascism and nazism does not encompass any of the social contracts suggested by Hobbes, Locke, or Rousseau. In fact, the social contract theory is not based on any political ideology. The main purpose of a social contract is to guarantee that society does not descend into chaos. Political positions arise as differing ideas rebut one another on how to secure that society maintains order.


    Speaking from a contemporary American perspective, the basic difference between statism (fascism/nazism/socialism/left-wing) and democracy (conservatism/capitalism/individualism/right-wing) is that the former requires imposition from the state in all areas of life. The latter seeks to secure freedom, self-determination, and individual responsibility, with a minimum of state intrusion.


    As I have argued elsewhere, terms such as "right-wing," "left-wing," "conservative," and "liberal" may change over time as any given society changes. Ultimately, the point is that fascism and nazism have never played a role in American Constitutional governance. And up until the time that the Democratic Party started to take on socialist ideals during FDR's Great Depression of the 1930s, the issue of a totalitarian government had not threatened the democratic-republican nature of American governance. The Founders had secured that status through the document known as the Constitution, the ultimate American "social contract."


    Now that the party of slavery and segregation has added its third "s," it has secured its prominent position on the "left"; thus it threatens the democratic-republican representative governance, which in turn threatens the ability of individuals to govern their own lives and seek prosperity. Although Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau might cave in to the Democratic Party's statist tactics, it is doubtful that John Locke, who said, "The end of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom," would so do.

  • profile image

    Megan Dee Jones 

    13 months ago

    Strange that you would argue fascism and Nazism are not ultra-right wing when the right wing encompass such fundamentals as the social contract theories of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau.

  • Maya Shedd Temple profile imageAUTHOR

    Linda Sue Grimes 

    19 months ago from U.S.A.

    Craig Tee:

    "but you write that the split wasn't real." No, I don't. And the very quotation you cite demonstrates exactly what I'm saying.

    Of course, it was signed into law by LBJ, after he had finally realized the power of the black vote, not because he wanted to help blacks. Remember that he said:

    "These Negroes, they're getting pretty uppity these days and that's a problem for us since they've got something now they never had before, the political pull to back up their uppityness. Now we've got to do something about this, we've got to give them a little something, just enough to quiet them down, not enough to make a difference."

    It appears that you are attempting to rehabilitate the Democratic Party from it well-deserved label as the party of slavery, segregation, and Jim Crow. But your comments are not very helpful, because as you said, "I didn't read carefully."

  • profile image

    Craig Tee 

    19 months ago

    My fault - I didn't read carefully. And for everything you wrote it was not the best place to start.

    Even in 1860 the Northern Democrats and Southern Democrats were split on issues of race. The North/South split in the party was far wider when the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed, but you write that the split wasn't real.

    "This low number of Republicans in the house and senate when converted to percentages skews the reality of the fact that the overall vote, which is the vote that counts, clearly outs the Democrats as opposers of the act."

    The split even goes past the fact that 98% of Northern Democrats voted for the bill and 95% of Southern Democrats voted against it. The bill was sent to congress by the Kennedy administration and pushed through by LBJ and Hubert Humphrey while most Southern Democrats fought the bill.

  • Maya Shedd Temple profile imageAUTHOR

    Linda Sue Grimes 

    19 months ago from U.S.A.

    Craig Tee:

    Is this meant to be a joke?

    You left out a very important part of that quotation. The entire thought is:

    "Various leftist political factions have filled historical reportage with inaccurate claims that persist; for example, it is claimed that in establishing the guiding document for the United States, the Founding Fathers, who composed the Constitution, thought that blacks were only three/fifths human."

    By leaving out the first part of that quotation, you render my meaning the exact opposite from what it is. And your explanation I give a few lines afterward and address more thoroughly in another article, "The Three/Fifths Compromise and the Humanity of Slaves." https://owlcation.com/humanities/The-ThreeFifths-C...

  • profile image

    Craig Tee 

    19 months ago

    "...the Founding Fathers, who composed the Constitution, thought that blacks were only three/fifths human."

    Not at all. The South wanted to count slaves part of the population for apportionment of representatives in congress but as property when determining taxes. The 1787 Constitutional Convention settled on the 3/5 compromise.

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, soapboxie.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://soapboxie.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)