Debunking the Claim That Republicans and Democrats Switched Sides on Race

Updated on September 16, 2018
Maya Shedd Temple profile image

Essays in politics & spirituality are part of my writing interest. The challenge of supporting a claim strengthens the mind & imagination.

Abraham Lincoln

Source

Introduction: Revising History

Various leftist political factions have filled historical reportage with inaccurate claims that persist; for example, it is claimed that in establishing the guiding document for the United States, the Founding Fathers, who composed the Constitution, thought that blacks were only three/fifths human. Even Condoleezza Rice, an educated, accomplished former Secretary of State, misspoke when she said, "In the original U.S. Constitution, I was only three-fifths of a person." Such a misstatement by a sophisticated and knowledgeable person just shows how widespread and deep some errors have been carved into the culture. The Three/Fifths Compromise focused on representation to congress not on the humanity of each individual person.

Then there is the false assertion that "Nazis" are right wing. The term "Nazi" is short for National Socialist German Worker Party, translation from the German, "Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei." The right wing has never endorsed "socialism." Along with "fascism," the term by definition includes statism or government control of the lives of citizens—the antithesis of the right wing stance.

Lyndon Johnson

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Confronting an Inconvenient History

When confronted with inconvenient history of their party regarding the issue of race, the United States Democratic Party members and its sycophants insist that the Republican and Democratic Parties simply switched positions on race, after the Republicans had ushered in the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This ludicrous claim can easily be laid to rest with a few pertinent facts.

President Lyndon Johnson, a Democrat, signed the civil right bill in to law; however, Johnson himself had labored tirelessly against earlier civil rights legislation. By signing that bill, Johnson merely demonstrated that he had come to believe that the way for Democrats to get and keep power in future was to pacify and humor blacks, instead of denigrating them and segregating them from whites.

After Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation followed by a bloody Civi War to end slavery, Democrats had been lobbying for and passing legislation such as the Jim Crow laws and Black Codes for over a century—all designed to keep the black population from enjoying the fruits of citizenship.

Allegedly, Johnson quipped, “I'll have those ni**ers voting Democrat for the next 200 years.” That infamous statement clearly reveals where Johnson's loyalties lay: with acquiring power for the Democratic Party and not for the African American citizens.

In a feeble endeavor to deconstruct Johnson's racist position, David Emery at snopes.com labels the claim regarding Johnson's remark "unproven." But then as he continues his biased analysis, Emery reveals other suggestions that make it clear that Johnson's beliefs rendered him the consummate racist. For example, Emery offers the report, in which according to Doris Kearns Godwin, Johnson quipped:

These Negroes, they're getting pretty uppity these days and that's a problem for us since they've got something now they never had before, the political pull to back up their uppityness. Now we've got to do something about this, we've got to give them a little something, just enough to quiet them down, not enough to make a difference.

After much useless bloviating, David Emery admits, "Circling back to the quote with which we started, it wouldn't have been entirely out of character for LBJ to have said something like, 'I'll have those niggers (sic) voting Democratic (sic) for 200 years'"; however, Emery doubts it, of course.

House and Senate Vote Tally for the Civil Rights Act 1964

The following is a breakdown of the voting tally in the House and Senate for the Civil Rights Act of 1964:

Democrats: House 153 out of 244 = 63%
Republicans: House 136 out of 171 = 80%
Democrats: Senate 46 out of 67 = 69%
Republicans: Senate 27 out of 33 = 82%

While 80% of the Republicans in the House of Representatives voted for the Civil Rights Act of 1964, only 63% of the Democrats voted aye. Also while in the Senate, 82% percent of Republicans voted for the bill, only 69% of Democrats did.

Attempt to Rehabilitate by Geography

In order to try to rehabilitate the Democrats' negative voting record on civil rights, leftists have pointed out that when one accounts for geographical positioning of the members of the house and senate, the voting tallies this way:

The original House version:

Southern Democrats: 7–87 (7–93%)
Southern Republicans: 0–10 (0–100%)
Northern Democrats: 145–9 (94–6%)
Northern Republicans: 138–24 (85–15%)

The Senate version:

Southern Democrats: 1–20 (5–95%) (Ralph Yarborough of Texas voted yea)
Southern Republicans: 0–1 (0–100%) (John Tower of Texas voted nay)
Northern Democrats: 45–1 (98–2%) (Robert Byrd of West Virginiavoted nay)
Northern Republicans: 27–5 (84–16%)

This set of votes shows that no southern senate Republicans voted for the act, but there was only one southern Republican in the senate. And also no house Republican voted for the act, but again there were only ten southern Republicans in the house. This low number of Republicans in the house and senate when converted to percentages skews the reality of the fact that the overall vote, which is the vote that counts, clearly outs the Democrats as opposers of the act. And the Democrats' main reason for voting against the act was based on race, especially in the south; however, all of the Republican senators, both north and south, who voted against the act, did so because they favored Senator Barry Goldwater's position, who remained against the act, not because of racial animus but because of his belief that it was unconstitutional in usurping states' rights, especially in the area of private business (see below).

The senate Republicans voting against the act were Bourke B. Hickenlooper (IA), chairman of the Senate Republican Policy Committee; Norris Cotton of New Hampshire (NH), Edwin L. Mechem (NM), Milward L. Simpson (WY), and a John G. Tower (TX).

The history of the Republican Party begins with the fact that the party was established primarily for the abolition of slavery. Yet over a century later, modern-day Democrats such Charlie Rangel are pushing the notion that the Republican and Democratic parties simply "changed sides" in the 1960s on civil rights. This facile excuse is widely spewed by Democrats when confronted with their own undeniably racist past. However, the facts do not bare out but rather reveal the persistent inaccuracy that the parties simply switched sides.

Barry Goldwater

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Three Events Misrepresented by Democrats

The persistent fantasy of the two party switching sides is partially based on three significant events that have been twisted and spun by Democrats and their sycophants in the biased liberal media:

1. Barry Goldwater’s position regarding the Civil Right Act of 1964. Goldwater did oppose that bill in its final form because he argued that it was unconstitutional, in that it usurped state and individual rights. Goldwater had helped found the Arizona’s NAACP, and he had voted for earlier versions of the civil rights legislation. Thus, Goldwater's opposition was not similar to the Democrats' opposition based on racism; Goldwater's opposition was based on the interpretation of the Constitution that guarantees basic individual rights.

2. The Southern Strategy. With this strategy, the Republican Party were attempting to demonstrate to southern Democrats that by continuing to vote for racist/socialist Democrats they were voting against their economic interests. What gave Democrats the opening to use this strategy against Republicans was that the Republicans utilized racist political bigots, who were, in fact, Democrats themselves, to help win votes for Republicans. This strategy prompted the GOP opponents to misrepresent the Republican's purpose and thus label it primarily racist, when it was, in fact, based on economic growth.

3. The American South turning to Red from Blue. This claim falls apart with the fact that the “Deep South” took 30 years to begin changing from Democrat to Republican. It was only in the peripheral South, which includes Tennessee, Texas, and Georgia, that many working-class transplants, relocating from the northern states as well as from other parts of the United States, understood that the Republican Party offered policies that promoted business, commerce, and entrepreneurial success. Those transplants, after all, had relocated south to improve their financial status through their new jobs. Racism at this point in the country's history had begun to wane as a political force. But the Democratic Party has continued to foment and fabricate unrest between the races in order to employ racism as an issue against their opponents in the Republican Party.

Democratic Policies Have Kept Blacks in Poverty

The main reason the Democratic Party hatched the idea that the parties simply switched positions was to gain power. Reverend Wayne Perryman explains:

Many believed the Democrats had a change of heart and fell in love with blacks. To the contrary, history reveals the Democrats didn’t fall in love with black folks, they fell in love with the black vote knowing this would be their ticket into the White House.

The economist Thomas Sowell has also shed light on the subject: "some of the most devastating policies, in terms of their actual effects on black people, have come from liberal Democrats." Sowell emphasizes that the "minimum wage laws" everywhere they have been established have a "track record of increasing unemployment, especially among the young, the less skilled and minorities."

According to "How the Welfare State Has Devastated African Americans," the "War on Poverty," the programs established by the Johnson administration brought about conditions which furthered the rise of poverty among black families. By discouraging marriage, these policies have resulted in out-of-wedlock birthrates that have skyrocketed, "among all demographic groups in the U.S., but most notably African Americans."

The U.S. out-of-wedlock birthrate in the 1960s hovered around 3% for whites and close to 8% for all Americans; that rate was around 25% for blacks. But, by the mid 1970s those rates had increased to 10% for whites, 25% for all Americans, and over 50% for blacks. Then by late 1980s, the birth-rate of unmarried black women had become greater than for married black women. Today the out-of-wedlock birth rate for blacks has climbed to almost 75%. The Census Bureau has linked poverty is closely associated with out-of-wedlock births.

Unfair Race Policies Have Been Unsystematized

There is no argument that stands up against the fact that racism as an issue of public policy has been unsystematized since the passage of the civil rights acts of the 1960s. No more Jim Crow laws or Black Codes anywhere call for racial discrimination as they had before the passage of those civil right laws. Before the passage of those bills, not only did racist laws exist, they were enforced by legal authorities as well as the Ku Klux Klan, which functioned as a "terrorist arm of the Democratic Party" to oppress black citizens.

Still, leftist historians such as Carole Emberton, an associate professor of history at the University at Buffalo, continue to use, "the party lines of the 1860s/1870s are not the party lines of today" bromide to attempt to separate the Democratic Party's engagement from the Ku Klux Klan, in the same breath as admitting, "that various 'Klans' that sprung up around the South acted as a 'strong arm' for many local Democratic politicians during Reconstruction."

Democrats continue to employ the fallacious claim that racism is still a "systemic" problem. They peddle this fiction so they can insist that only the Democratic Party is willing to fight against that fantasized systemic blight on society. But again and again, the Democratic Party's policies have been used as Lyndon Johnson used them to placate blacks by making them think they are getting something that no political party even has the power to give: financial security and equality with guaranteed outcomes.

Political parties, when in power, can help the voting public only by instituting policies that encourage financial success and individual freedom. They cannot guarantee that success. They cannot legislate individual success through identity politics.

Al Gore

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The Inconvenient Truth About the Democratic Party

Democrat Strategy to Gain Power

The Democratic Party and its allies continue to employ the false claim that the two parties exchanged positions on race, in an attempt to gain power and to rehabilitate the party's racist past. Party members and its minions continue to tie most issues to race because that tactic seems to have worked for gaining power. But when voters look at the basic facts, that claim begins to lose its strength.

For example, citing the voter ID issue as a racist Republican strategy simply bolsters the evidence that Republicans are, in fact, not racist. A majority of black citizens and voters also are in favor of the voter ID laws. However, the Democrats vehemently and inaccurately continues to rails again voter ID laws because they know that those laws would impede voter fraud—a staple in the machine to elect Democrats to government.

Democrats have been attempting to whitewash their racist past for decades; to do so, they often fabricate history. For example, as a candidate for the presidency in 2000, Al Gore falsely stated to the NAACP that his father, Al Gore, Sr., had lost his senate seat because he voted for the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Gore, Sr., voted against that act, as he supported and joined in the filibuster against that act. Gore, Sr. then sponsored an amendment that would take the teeth out of the enforcement power of that bill, just in case it passed.

Strom Thurmond

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Dinesh D'Souza: "Majority of Dixiecrats Never Switched"

Dixiecrats Became Republicans?

Democrats also point to the rise of the Dixiecrats that supposedly shows that racist Democrats became Republicans. However, it is a fact is that only two Democrats-turned-Dixiecrat, left the Democratic Party for the Republican Party: Senator Strom Thurmond traded in his party alliance with the Democrats to join the Republicans in 1964—not because he continued to support racism, but because he began repudiating it. Frances Rice explains: "Thurmond was never in the Ku Klux Klan and, after he became a Republican, Thurmond defended blacks against lynching and the discriminatory poll taxes imposed on blacks by Democrats."

Governor Mills E. Godwin, Jr. of Virginia abandoned the Democrats for the Republican Party in 1974. But again, like Thurmond, Godwin abandoned his racist past and served as Virginia governor first while a Democrat and then as a Republican.

Robert Byrd

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Did the Old Racist Democrats Become Today's Republicans? (Urban Legend)

Thurgood Marshall

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Racism: Democrats and Republicans Switch Sides?

Clarence Thomas

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Democrat Hypocrisy About Racist Past

West Virginia's Robert Byrd, a former Ku Klux Klan Exalted Cyclops and long serving Democratic senator, did renounce his earlier support for segregation and racism; however, Byrd was the only senator to vote against confirmation to the Supreme Court of Justice Thurgood Marshall, a Democrat. Byrd also joined 47 of his fellow Democratic senators as he voted against Justice Clarence Thomas, a Republican. Neither a black Democrat nor a black Republican could pass muster with the former Klansman.

Senator Christopher Dodd praised Byrd highly by stating that Byrd would have been "a great senator for any moment." To this potentially inflammatory remark, the Democrats remained silent. Then later after Senator Trent Lott spoke kind words of Senator Strom Thurmond, the Democrats with their usual hypocrisy lambasted Lott unmercifully. It made no difference that Thurmond had never served as a member of the Ku Klux Klan while Byrd had risen to the high position of Exalted Cyclops.

Regarding Democrat hypocrisy, Alex Knepper has remarked: ". . . being a Democrat means that you can promote segregation, join the KKK, vote against both black Supreme Court nominees, and use the word “ni**er” on national television — and still be remembered as a promoter of black interests." The Democratic Party has raised hypocrisy to an art form in its pursuit of power.

Despite Lack of Blatant Racism, Democratic Policies Harmful to Everyone

It is most unlikely that the majority of the members of the Democratic Party are racists today. Yet, it remains unconscionable that so many Democrats label Republicans racist and bigot in pursuit of political power against their opponents. Democrats cannot legitimately deny the many studies that offer support to the argument proffered by Republicans that Democratic policies are detrimental not only to black citizens but to all citizens.

The basic Democratic Party philosophy is based on grabbing the financial rewards from certain groups—namely, "the rich"—to give to others—namely, "the poor." In practice this Robin Hood falsehood ultimately means taking form those who earn and redistributing it to friends and allies of the redistributors. Such a system cannot possibly succeed. It can only create victims whose ability to produce becomes atrophied by the false promises of pandering politicians.

Democrats will continue to play the race card because they have become utter failures at convincing the majority of the electorate that their policies work. Citizens have become dissatisfied with the actual theft of their earnings, as they have watched while decade upon decade has demonstrated that their shabby, crime filled cities are, in fact, the result of Democrat policy fecklessness.

The brilliant economist Thomas Sowell has pointed out repeatedly that the policies of Democrats have prevented the black population from rising out of poverty. Many of the poorest cities in the USA have been run by Democrats for decades. According to Investor's Business Daily,

When Democrats are in control, cities tend to go soft on crime, reward cronies with public funds, establish hostile business environments, heavily tax the most productive citizens and set up fat pensions for their union friends. Simply put, theirs is a Blue State blueprint for disaster. ("How Decades Of Democratic Rule Ruined Some Of Our Finest Cities" )

(Please Note: The link to the article, "How Decades Of Democratic Rule Ruined Some Of Our Finest Cities," is not broken, despite the continuing claim made by this site's broken link detector.)

Perhaps, it is time that African Americans adopt a different mind-set and realize, as Rev. Perryman avers, that the Democratic Party is interested only in their vote not in their welfare. As President Donald Trump asked as a candidate during his 2016 presidential campaign, "What do you have to lose?"

Postscript: The Ultimate Hypocrisy

If all of the above is not enough to convince the electorate, especially the African American community, that the Democratic Party is not that community's friend, then they might want to consider the Democratic Party's support for Planned Parenthood. According to the D. C. McAllister,

Planned Parenthood is one of the greatest perpetrators of violence against African Americans in this country. It’s founded on racism, perpetuates racism, and kills more than 850 African Americans every day.

Please try to imagine the outcry against them, if it were Republicans, who vehemently supported this institution of black genocide.

Sources

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Questions & Answers

  • Who was the president to be the first from the Republican Party?

    The first Republican Party candidate for the presidency was John C. Frémont, who ran unsuccessfully in 1856. The first Republican to be elected was Abraham Lincoln in the election of 1860.

© 2017 Linda Sue Grimes

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  • Maya Shedd Temple profile imageAUTHOR

    Linda Sue Grimes 

    2 months ago from U.S.A.

    My Esoteric:

    Thank you for your effort in responding, but this discussion is not very productive. I suggest that if you believe the claims you are making, you do some research and write your own articles supporting them.

    I would especially be interested in your article elucidating the difficulty of separating oil from water.

  • My Esoteric profile image

    My Esoteric 

    2 months ago from Keystone Heights, FL

    How do you separate the two? It's like trying to separate oil from water, isn't it?

    At the bottom of the last response my reply would be race is part and parcel of the more general statement I made.

    The 14th amendment applied the Bill of Rights to States while the 15th covered, among other things, voting rights for black males.

    Conservative Court decisions since Rehnquist have chipped away at both of those amendments, fortunately not to the degree the conservative Court did from 1884 - 1932 where it effectively neutered both laws.

  • Maya Shedd Temple profile imageAUTHOR

    Linda Sue Grimes 

    2 months ago from U.S.A.

    ME: "I understand the purpose of the 3/5ths rule regarding apportionment."

    LSG: Apparently, you do not, as you go on once again to make the distinction for counting slaves based on level of humanity. And again, the argument was between slave states and free states. By inserting the terms "liberal" and "conservative," you obfuscate the issue. The fact is that those opposing slavery were not in favor of counting slaves for the purpose of representation because that would have given the slave states more power.

    ME: "The conservative Republican party today is doing everything they can to disembowel the 14th and 15th."

    LSG: Totally false. Those amendments granted citizenship and voting rights to former slaves. Today, "birthright citizenship" has become a problem for the country as part of the immigration issue. Illegal immigrants are not "former slaves." Dan Stein, president of the Federation for American Immigration Reform, has stated, "Today's erroneous interpretation of the 14th Amendment is defeating the operation of US immigration controls. It is trumping the legislative intent of the statutes. It is rewarding illegal immigration and making the laws unenforceable."

    ME: "While the name of the party hasn't changed, what it stands for as drastically changed. Today, the Republican party stands for every socially regressive idea the southern Democrats stood for only 60 years ago. On the other hand, today's Democratic party stands for all the socially progressive ideas the liberal Republicans believed in 160 years ago. Wouldn't you agree?"

    LSG: Of course, I do not agree. The purpose of the article we are discussing is to debunk that very claim as it relates to race.

  • My Esoteric profile image

    My Esoteric 

    2 months ago from Keystone Heights, FL

    LSG - yes, I understand the purpose of the 3/5ths rule regarding apportionment. And in the terms you stated, I accept the reasoning. To be precise, the liberals, who opposed slavery and the all people treated as human beings, wanted those people (granted, only men) to be counted. Conservatives, who supported slavery and the idea that blacks are less than human to count as free people, yet they weren't, they were slaves, after all.

    Yes, the Whigs and their progeny the Republican party were social liberals which is why we have the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments. Today, that is not true. The conservative Republican party today is doing everything they can to disembowel the 14th and 15th.

    While the name of the party hasn't changed, what it stands for as drastically changed. Today, the Republican party stands for every socially regressive idea the southern Democrats stood for only 60 years ago.

    On the other hand, today's Democratic party stands for all the socially progressive ideas the liberal Republicans believed in 160 years ago. Wouldn't you agree?

    Granted, our founders, and I mean those who created and signed the Constitution, "hoped" for no factions, it was nevertheless their greatest worry. Factions clearly existed at the Constitutional Convention and factions (Federalists vs Anti-federalists) during ratification. Then there were the pro-administration vs anti-administration during Washington's reign although the narcissist political parties were organizing at the state level. And so on ...

  • Maya Shedd Temple profile imageAUTHOR

    Linda Sue Grimes 

    2 months ago from U.S.A.

    My Esoteric: Her point was that that because of the 3/5ths rule, in terms of representation, she was worth only 3/5ths of a person, her worth as a human was only 3/5ths of a white male (women were worth nothing then, of course).

    LSG: The 3/5 rule did not address the issue of human value of each individual; its purpose was merely for apportioning representatives. If, as you say, "women were worth nothing then," then Rice would not have been considered 3/5 human but not human at all.

    My Esoteric: If conservatives had had their way, blacks would be worth what they perceived them to be - nothing, because they weren't a human being in their eyes (same reasoning as in Dredd Scott). Only liberals thought blacks should be worth a whole person.

    LSG: The argument was not between "conservatives" and "liberals"; it was between the Northern non-slave-states and the Southern slave-states. The South wanted all their slaves to count for purposes of representation. According to your logic, the South thought of their slaves as fully human, while the North, which originally wanted no slaves counted, would have considered them not human at all. But even in that argument, the level of humanity was not the issue: the number of representatives was the issue. And if the South had gotten their way, counting all their slaves, the slave states would have gotten more representatives, making it more difficult to eventually end the institution of slavery.

    My Esoteric: You assume the philosophical belief of a party is a constant

    LSG: No, I do not. I am focusing on one issue: race, and showing how the Democratic and Republican Parties did not, in fact, switch sides. Democrats have made that claim because they cannot argue against the fact that the Republican Party was founded to abolish slavery, passed legislation to make blacks citizens, and has continued to be the party of civil rights from its founding, while the Democratic Party fought hard to keep slavery and later to keep blacks second class citizens by struggling against the early civil rights bills in congress.

    My Esoteric: My point of course, is that there was clearly a role reversal of parties between our founding and today

    LSG: At the founding of the USA, parties or "factions" did not formally exist, and the Founding Fathers had hoped that those factions would not arise. So the "role reversal of parties" is a moot point regarding the "founding."

  • My Esoteric profile image

    My Esoteric 

    2 months ago from Keystone Heights, FL

    I think you missed the point when you claim " Even Condoleezza Rice, an educated, accomplished former Secretary of State, misspoke when she said, "In the original U.S. Constitution, I was only three-fifths of a person." is wrong. Her point was that that because of the 3/5ths rule, in terms of representation, she was worth only 3/5ths of a person, her worth as a human was only 3/5ths of a white male (women were worth nothing then, of course). If conservatives had had their way, blacks would be worth what they perceived them to be - nothing, because they weren't a human being in their eyes (same reasoning as in Dredd Scott). Only liberals thought blacks should be worth a whole person.

    You are making the same historical mistake most Americans do. You assume the philosophical belief of a party is a constant - they are not. Neither are parties:

    First there were Federalist and anti-Federalists

    Then there were the Federalist and the Republican-Democratic

    Then there was just the Democrats

    Then there were the Whigs and the Democrats

    Then there were the liberal Republicans and the conservative Democrats

    And finally today you have the conservative Republicans and liberal Democrats.

    Until Teddy Roosevelt, there was one constant laissez-faire belief among all parties (with the exception of whether to support a type of federal reserve or not)

    But on the social side, the Federalists, Whigs, and liberal Republicans (through Taft), and today's Democrats were your liberals while Anti-federalists and Democrats (through Wilson) remained conservative.

    In the transition period from after Wilson to 1994, the role reversal, both on economic and social fronts, took place. The conservative southern Democrats gave way to the liberal northern democrats until finally, in 1994, most of the southern Democrats bolted to the now very conservative Republican party. The once socially liberal Republicans were swamped by super conservative Republicans to the point there are almost no moderate and liberal Republicans left.

    My point of course, is that there was clearly a role reversal of parties between our founding and today.

  • Maya Shedd Temple profile imageAUTHOR

    Linda Sue Grimes 

    4 months ago from U.S.A.

    Craig Tee:

    "but you write that the split wasn't real." No, I don't. And the very quotation you cite demonstrates exactly what I'm saying.

    Of course, it was signed into law by LBJ, after he had finally realized the power of the black vote, not because he wanted to help blacks. Remember that he said:

    "These Negroes, they're getting pretty uppity these days and that's a problem for us since they've got something now they never had before, the political pull to back up their uppityness. Now we've got to do something about this, we've got to give them a little something, just enough to quiet them down, not enough to make a difference."

    It appears that you are attempting to rehabilitate the Democratic Party from it well-deserved label as the party of slavery, segregation, and Jim Crow. But your comments are not very helpful, because as you said, "I didn't read carefully."

  • profile image

    Craig Tee 

    4 months ago

    My fault - I didn't read carefully. And for everything you wrote it was not the best place to start.

    Even in 1860 the Northern Democrats and Southern Democrats were split on issues of race. The North/South split in the party was far wider when the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed, but you write that the split wasn't real.

    "This low number of Republicans in the house and senate when converted to percentages skews the reality of the fact that the overall vote, which is the vote that counts, clearly outs the Democrats as opposers of the act."

    The split even goes past the fact that 98% of Northern Democrats voted for the bill and 95% of Southern Democrats voted against it. The bill was sent to congress by the Kennedy administration and pushed through by LBJ and Hubert Humphrey while most Southern Democrats fought the bill.

  • Maya Shedd Temple profile imageAUTHOR

    Linda Sue Grimes 

    4 months ago from U.S.A.

    Craig Tee:

    Is this meant to be a joke?

    You left out a very important part of that quotation. The entire thought is:

    "Various leftist political factions have filled historical reportage with inaccurate claims that persist; for example, it is claimed that in establishing the guiding document for the United States, the Founding Fathers, who composed the Constitution, thought that blacks were only three/fifths human."

    By leaving out the first part of that quotation, you render my meaning the exact opposite from what it is. And your explanation I give a few lines afterward and address more thoroughly in another article, "The Three/Fifths Compromise and the Humanity of Slaves." https://owlcation.com/humanities/The-ThreeFifths-C...

  • profile image

    Craig Tee 

    4 months ago

    "...the Founding Fathers, who composed the Constitution, thought that blacks were only three/fifths human."

    Not at all. The South wanted to count slaves part of the population for apportionment of representatives in congress but as property when determining taxes. The 1787 Constitutional Convention settled on the 3/5 compromise.

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Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)