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What Are Furlough Days?

Dean Traylor is a freelance writer and teacher who writes about various subjects, including education and creative writing.

At least it's better than this . . . but not by much.

At least it's better than this . . . but not by much.

Oxford Academy is a charter school in Cypress, California. By all measures, the school is successful and is often preferred by parents and high achieving students in the area. However, it is not immune to something that is plaguing many traditional schools in the area. Funding is low within the school district it resides in.

In the city of Los Angeles (nearly 20 miles northeast of Cypress), public funds are drying up, as well. Further cuts threaten to stall a slow economic recovery for the region. It has also affected many local and state workers whose jobs are routinely at stake.

A big-city government and a charter school don’t seem to have much in common. However, the two entities have taken a massive reduction in what they can offer to the public, due to California’s budget crisis. They’ve also latched onto—and implemented—a short-term solution to their woes.

Unpaid Vacation or Temporary Layoff?

Furlough days, as they’ve come to be known, is a cost-saving procedure implemented by employers of a public or private company. It is a mandatory, no-pay day off for their employees.

The immediate results of a furlough day are four-day workweeks for many companies and public agencies. This also results in the reduction of critical teaching days at public schools.

The philosophy behind it is it will

  • save money by cutting the utility costs of a facility,
  • reduce clerical tasks that may result in expenditures, and
  • cut back by not laying off the employees. Instead, they get a reduction in their weekly checks.

In many cases, a furlough day is temporary or used periodically. It is a rarity that it becomes a permanent part of a company’s workweek schedule.

Signs! Signs! Everywhere are signs. Originally posted on

Signs! Signs! Everywhere are signs. Originally posted on

Does It Work?

On paper, this action may have some benefits:

  • workers can spend more time with their families;
  • unnecessary spending is drastically reduced; and
  • vital programs offered to the public can be spared.

In practice, on the other hand, it has led to:

  • disruptions in services to customers;
  • limitation of services offered; and
  • the reduction in the value of the paychecks the employees take home.

Those Feeling the Furlough

One area impacted in California is the public school system within large school districts such as Long Beach Unified School District and Los Angeles Unified School District. Charter schools—which are publicly funded but privately operated—are not immune. Oxford Academy is a prime example.

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Although furlough days spare public school workers from layoffs, it drastically affects what they can offer to students. Many school districts have, on average 180 teaching days of school. Furloughs in school districts may result in those days being reduced to 175 or 170 days.

This may sound great for students. It means their summer or holidays are longer, depending on the days the district official implement them.

Another area affected drastically by furlough days are public universities. In this case, students are impacted negatively

But, it’s not good for teachers, administrators, and custodial workers. These days result in no pay for those days for the staff. Also, it leads to disruption in the maintenance of the facility and delays in the delivery of vital supplies.

Another area affected drastically by furlough days are public universities. In this case, students are impacted negatively. Since many pay for tuition—and many at the same rate before the furlough day was implemented—they will have to pay for fewer educational services (this was particularly true when several universities throughout the country implemented this in 2009).

Furlough of Government Jobs

Sometimes, deficits and budget problems are not the reason for furlough days. In past, state and local gridlock in the legislature has resulted in furloughs for government workers. This has happened several times in the last 20 years.

One such incident occurred in February 2010 when 2000 federal workers for the Department of Transportation were furloughed. This was due to a single Senate objection that prevented emergency funding for the department.

Government Shutdown

Government Shutdown

The Length and Effects

In many cases, furloughs were short-lived or avoided (especially during April and August of 2011). In other cases, the furlough days turned into weeks and years. To date, the longest government furlough lasted from December 16, 1995, to January 6, 1996. This affected non-essential employees and shut down services offered by the National Institute of Health, visa and passport processing, and operation of parks.

Still, furloughs are a better alternative to layoffs. It is part of the reason many employees and unions will vie for this in collective bargaining agreements. In 2009 The State Employee Trade Council (SETC) voted for a mandatory two-day per month furlough for the staff and faculty of the California State University system. As a result, the CSU system saved about $270 million of its $564 million dollar budget deficit. The furlough ended in June 2010.

Furloughs can save money during tough times, but it doesn’t ensure a smooth working condition. While this may create problems in public services offered in Los Angeles, or affect the length of the school year at schools such as Oxford Academy, it doesn’t shut them down entirely. Better yet, the employees keep their jobs. Furloughs are, in many respects, the lesser of two evils when it comes to budget cuts.

There are pros and cons to the furlough system.

There are pros and cons to the furlough system.

An Update, One Year Later . . .

The sequester in the United States has fueled the latest rounds of furlough days in the government sector. However, such occasions are beginning to decrease in both the private and public sectors.

The public school system in California has seen fewer of them. Many districts are rebounding and have called off future furloughs.

The dire financial crisis that has plagued much of the country is far from over. Still, within a year the improvements are starting to show.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2012 Dean Traylor

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