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Why Does the Philippines Need the K-12 Education System?

Updated on September 02, 2015

Joined: 4 years agoFollowers: 45Articles: 10

Filipinos are known to be competitive in the international community. However, our current education system hinders us from becoming even more competitive.

Starting in the 2012-2013 school year, the education system of the Philippines was enhanced from the ten years of basic education to a 12-year program through an initiative called the K-12 Education Plan sponsored by the Department of Education.

The implementation of the K-12 plan in the Philippine Basic Education Curriculum is the key to our nation’s development. Though the government faces many problems as it implements the program over the course of several years, it is a necessary improvement since increasing the quality of our education is critical to our nation's success.

See below some ways that the K-12 education plan will be beneficial for the Philippines according to Isagani Cruz (2010) in one of his columns in a local newspaper.

Reasons for the K-12 Education System

1. Sufficient Instructional Time

With K-12 education, students will have sufficient instructional time for subject-related tasks, making them more prepared in every subject area. With the old system, Filipino students were consistently behind on achievement scores.

In 2008, for instance, international test results revealed that Filipinos were behind compared to other countries when we finished dead last in math.

2. More Skilled and Competent Labor Force

Another reason to support K-12 education is because the graduates of this program will be more prepared to enter the labor force. High school graduates of the 10-year curriculum were not yet employable since they were not competent or well–equipped enough for the workplace.

In addition, high school graduates of the 10-year curriculum are not yet 18. With the new curriculum, senior high school students can specialize in a field that they are good at and interested in. As a result, upon graduation they will have the specific job-related skills they need even without a college degree. When they graduate from high school, these young people will be 18 and employable, adding to the nation’s manpower.

3. Recognition as Professionals Abroad

Finally, with K-12 education, Filipino graduates will be automatically recognized as professionals abroad because we are following the international education standard as practiced by all nations.

There will be no need to study again and spend more money in order to qualify for international standards. With a K-12 education, Filipino professionals who aspire to work abroad will not have a hard time getting jobs in their chosen field. Furthermore, they will be able to help their families in the Philippines more with remittances, property purchase, and small businesses.

K-12 Education Will Help Filipinos Gain a Competitive Edge

Though Filipinos are known to be competitive in the international community, our current education system hinders us in becoming more competitive among other countries. The K-12 education plan offers a solution to that problem.

However, it is undeniable that there will be problems that arise as we implement the program, which could include a lack of budget, classrooms, school supplies, and teachers. That said, the long-term effects of K-12 education will be very beneficial to us Filipinos.

Therefore, we must support the K-12 educational plan to help improve our educational system and our economy. Remember that change in our society starts with education.

Video: Introduction to the K-12 Initiative

Video: DepEd Midterm Report on K-12 Program (Mar 2015)


Cruz, I. (2010, October 14). Mini Critique: The K+12 debate. The Philippine Star. Retrieved from

Additional Reading

The K to 12 Basic Education Program

This is a website owned and operated by the Philippines Government, with information on what the program is, its rollout plan, curriculum, and frequently asked questions.


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    • Ger Evan 32 hours ago

      Hi! I would like to use this article as a part of my research paper,

      Cruz, I. (2010, October 14). Mini Critique: The K+12 debate. The Philippine Star. Retrieved from

      Is this the reference that I should include? Thankyou!

    • Morgan 2 weeks ago

      The real problems of our education is lack of rooms and teachers.if you going around to the public school intermadaite and secondary education is very clouded emaging one classroom is almost 60 to 70 person in one room how the students take a good quality of education and they attend only 5hours a day.k-12 is not the solution of lack of education REDUCE the number of person in one room.and build more school building.

    • monk 2 weeks ago

      Unfortunately, the problems which plague Grades 1 to 10 are also affecting Grades 11 and 12. To make matters worse, K to 12 requires kindergarten, but several students required to take Grade 11 didn't take kindergarten.

      To follow the law, Grade 11 should be required only in 2024 because kindergarten became mandatory only in 2013.

    • visitor2 3 weeks ago

      im agree about the k to 12 program, but until now k to 12 in our school is unorganized.

    • the great unknown 5 weeks ago

      K to 12 is not Good for our country .. We dont need to compete globally

    • Revs 2 months ago

      I read all the above comments..and it was a great insight..

      Since, K-12 is already implemented, can anyone share their thought on issues and problems on the currently implemented K-12 program and what are your recommendations? Thank you in advance for your insights..

    • sksjfcs 3 months ago

      at ang mga maling spelling at kulang2 na semtence niyo ang nagpapakita na kailangan natin ng k+12

    • Mixture Qumar 3 months ago

      We all know that eduacation is for national development, how would it perform its role if there are issues like lack of equipment for k-12 curriculum?

      pls answer.. tnx

    • xyz 4 months ago

      well it helps a lot!

    • gerry pajarillo 4 months ago

      Deped K-12 education system ok po ito, in 2 year sr high school business and technology must be include as per vocational,

      my concern is in elementary-the subject mother tongue should be included to english and english split to 1. language and speaking 2.writing 3. reading

      also Music subject must be included to Arts because not all kids inborn with good voice some talent like dancing, sport, drawing etc.; also health must be included to P.E and ESP included to A.P, Filipino or MAPEH;

      the science subject must included start grade 1, and computer must inlcude in grade 5 basic, concept and function and grade 6 computer hands on

      i would suggest grade school subject 1. English(1.language & speaking 2. writing 3. reading)2.Filipino 3.A.P 4. Mathematics 5.Science 6.MAPEH 7.Arts 8. Computer 9. P.E (Physical education and health);

      Important in school are as ff:

      1.Facilities and environment 2.Security, rules & policy of school 3.Standard 4.quality 5.Innovation 6.method and technicque 7. grading system 8. calculation of grade etc.

    • wwwen 4 months ago

      we need changes

    • MARYAN 4 months ago


    • rhiza 4 months ago

      what are the effects of k-12 program in our country?

      pasagot po thanks:)

    • JUST AVAH 4 months ago

      We dont need to debate about K-12. Im grade 11 senior high and for me K-12 is a big help. 2 years in senior high is like a traning ground for me to increase my knowledge and skills. Instead of blaming DEPED why dont we just support them. Come to think of it they will not implement K-12 if it is not for good.

    • Sweet Janna 15 months ago

      I was really inspired in this page, this will helped me to motivate my Education students to become more globally competitive and holistic educators...

    • mil 15 months ago

      despite of the good contributions k-12 program contributes to us, still it is not enough reason to solve our education system here in Philippines.

    • Don Balderas Jr profile image


      If there has to be change in the educational system, it will be all about the change in perspectives. It will be difficult and painful for people who are in the system for quite some time. But to change, to create change, to pursue change, there has to be a change of heart and perspectives.

      I am just hoping too hard that people in the Department of Education and its stakeholders will take more effort to deepen their understanding on how K to 12 can be a tool for societal change and social relevance. That people in this department will see hope in this educational program as to widen its effects in terms of changes personally, professionally, organizationally, and socially. Good luck to all of us.

    • Mhar Rohas 17 months ago

      K+12 is good in our Education System. Daang matuwid ang ating tatahakin kung ang iboboto natin sa darating na eleksyon ay ang karapatdapat sa ating mga puso

    • klar 17 months ago

      . i think im not dis agree of that k-12 program...please.. Deped..ty

    • astig18 18 months ago

      I think I'm favor of k-12 curriculum,just my point of view it maybe long term,but the most important thing ,the students will enhance his/her learning more,students will be more prepared and also they can find job easily because they graduated in high standard education.It will easy for theme to have a job in abroad with just graduating in high school,cause they're are parents who can't support they're child in studying college,and a students will be in their legal age to work not like in old curriculum.

    • kyung 20 months ago

      and with that kaya na nating pantayan ung ibang country and remember, philippines is the 2nd intelligent country in the world kya i must agree with that k-12 kahit marami pa po kming mpgdaanan :]

    • kyung 20 months ago

      and para madali lng po kmi mkahanap ng job..

    • kyung 20 months ago

      i agree with that k12 curriculum although grade 9 plng ako, para naman po hnd tyo mpgiwanan ng ibng bansa

    • marj 20 months ago

      .i am againtsssss k-12

    • ZEM 22 months ago

      We need better education not more education.

    • weng 24 months ago

      , lets give k-12 a chance how far he could go despite the criticism around him, if not then there's another years to change it again and again at least we do it than never.....we said that abroad is different from Filipino tradition but nw we are imitating other countries even the way of clothing lets enjoy and accept the a little bit of transformation of our education system its not a crime but its for the benefit of our future leaders. that a young leader can afford to touch hear etc. using his senses the technology and new skills he wanted from the beginning of his life that he thought he can not even touch it, at the end pwede na niya maipagmamayabang sa lahat na may degree holder na hindi na xa basta basta hindi gaya sa amin noon na wala maski isa na skills na maipagmamayabang, hanggang nakita ko na lang kaklase q naglalako ng kahit ano mabuhay lang minsan ang iba gumawa nlng ng crimen para mabuhay dahil wala nga skills magagamit para sa desente at matinong trabaho para sa pamilya, (its just my opinion)

    • marge 24 months ago

      i'm against on k-12 come k-12 graduates can easily found a job when in fact those collge graduates are still struggling to find a would it help our country when we still have the issue of poverty in our country and we still have a high percentage of unemployment in our country.

    • ewan 2 years ago

      Panget mga comment niyo

    • ron 2 years ago

      no comment na lang po para din naman to sa lahat eh.......

    • WalangTrabaho 2 years ago

      Two Job Seekers for Interview:

      Tomas dela Cruz: Tapos po ako ng K12 sa Lapu Lapu High School.

      Tom Cruise: I finished studies at La Salle University major in ComArts.

      Take your pick who gets the job.

    • hehe 2 years ago

      How much is the government paying you guys to write this garbage? Obviously you are a shill promoting something you know nothing of, have you checked the situation all over the phillipines?

    • haha 2 years ago

      Another government shill? Hay naku etong mga mina market parin hanggang ngayon itong k to 12 na ito masyadong obvious ang machinery at work. K to 12 will be dismal failure.

    • MindanaoBisaya 2 years ago

      Even before the implementation of this k+12 system, most of the schools here in the philippines lack facilities. Poor classroom/teacher - student ratio. Come here in Mindanao and see for yourself that our students don't need this kind of system, what they need is good facilities and comfortable classrooms. More funds not more years.

    • Emmanuel James Dl. Nadres 2 years ago

      I myself believe that the K to 12 implementation is very unnecessary. Why do we have to copy the educational systems from other countries when we could just improve our own. Why not just give more improved training to teachers from both public and private schools, give more budget to the making of more classrooms, hold more seminars with hands on exercises for the students in the higher years regarding different technological aspects, Make education more fun for students rather than the old method, which in my own opinion, is kinda boring.

      ~Emmanuel James Dl. Nadres


    • josh 13 2 years ago

      i disagree about this k to 12 curriculum because nowadays we , as a student are so tired in finishing the high school level even if it is only 4 years .

    • Bev 2 years ago

      K12 will surely make filipino people globally competitive and employable! Hurray to the DepEd personnel for implementing this curriculum.!

    • Romeo 2 years ago

      All insights above are right but I disagree K-12 will reinforced to work forced and hoping new curriculum will not lead to JOB Hunting

    • JP 2 years ago

      I am homeschooling/Unschooling my child. This, should be an alternative for parents like me.

      I don't want my child to be part of a long line of herd that conforms and in effect does not develop critical thinking!

    • Mercurio 2 years ago

      Now it is very clear, K-12 Educatyinal program caters the Filipino youth to become GLOBALLY COMPETETIVE LABORERS......

    • weng 2 years ago

      well then, it's already implemented by our government (depEd), if they really like to improve our education system as the author said to be more competitive, they should see and check all schools in the remote areas also, they should try to do it to see real condition, they should be aware as it is being seen in the media's documentary shows. need to create a program wherein all children in remote areas who wants to have better education will reach it, also to avoid child labor.

    • ivy 2 years ago

      Adding more years in basic education is I think not the best solution to improve the quality of education in our country. The basic problem lies in the implementation. Not all teachers perform their tasks very well, especially those in the far-flung areas. Since very seldom monitors come to look at what they are doing or if ever these monitors come, they just make the so-called "flying visits". Am so frustrated with that kind of attitude of some supervisors. they just go visit the schools just to scare the teachers and leave after eating and do not even have time to look at how the teachers prepared the lesson plans and how they execute what they have planned. we need to change this kind of attitude among supervisors and school administrators. monitoring and evaluation is a very weak aspect of our educational system. I hope and pray this will change in due time.

    • azyl 2 years ago

      K-12 has its boons and banes as well..But, if we work hand-in-hand this program will be of great help to change the antiquity of our educational system.

    • eleneart 2 years ago

      For me this curriculum is definitely much better than the previous one. It talks about the preparedness of individual learner when they finished their studies.

    • pinky 2 years ago

      our teachers in k-12 should also be well equipped wd knowledge and skills in order to provide quality education,trainings and more trainings for teachers is badly needed

    • yajee 2 years ago

      Since K+12 Education system was already implemented by our government, I believe that debating about whether or not to implement it is no longer rational. What we must do now is to help our government improve the K+12 system; like what Sir Nestor L. Parafina has conveyed in his arguments. I love his points of putting less emphasis on subjects which consume lots of efforts and time yet still not useful to economic development. What we need now are children with greater understanding on how to make this country great putting more advancements in economic-related subjects we can stand up once again.

    • arcilyn 2 years ago

      Yes,we really need k-12 educational system for us to develop more our skills if where we belong

      But the fact is,we're lack of facilities

    • raquel Sapong 3 years ago

      Not all families could send their children in college, with the k-12 program, after graduating from senior high school, students have the chance to get a job related to their specialization or they can become an enterpreneur. With the NC II, they can become skilled workers where they can get jobs in abroad. Unlike before, pag high school graduate lang, mas mahirap makahanap ng work.

    • kay 3 years ago

      k12 program will maybe helps to enhance our education system that's may insight

    • leena 3 years ago

      develop the young individuals to be independent..

    • mylene 3 years ago

      can i ask all of you ?how do you thingk education can change the current status of the philippines.?

    • charlie 3 years ago

      that statement above can be a related literature? pls answer

      thank you

    • MaEsY26 3 years ago

      I think k-12 is a good project of the government because it gives the students more time to master the basic academic lessons. Graduates will also be well prepared for the higher education.It would be easier for them to find a good job inside or outside of the country that helps in the economic development of our country.

    • Nestor L. Parafina 3 years ago

      I read all the comments above... I hope I didn't miss any point. Except for the thoughts of Daniel Desembrana and comment of Cianeko (just above my posting), all other comments failed to focus on the link between K-12 and individual success or the nation's economic progress. No one took a time to comment on the structure and content of both the traditional and K-12 systems of education. No one said something on whether the old and the present elementary, high school and even college curriculum have got added values on what an induvidual needs to be truly successful... or what are the pre-requisites for a nation to be well-off!

      Let me show you my arguments. Kindergarten is a preparation for Elementary, Elementary is a preparation for High School, and High School is a preparation for College. College is supposedly a preparation for either getting employed or establishing one’s own business. Nevertheless, reality is, college graduates are not prepared for almost any job! They need to be comprehensively trained by the company he got into! What happened to the 19 years of kindergaten-to-college head-banging study? Surprisingly, this does not happen only in the Philippines. All countries implementing the K-12 systems including Finland which is considered to be the best in education at the moment succumb to the same situation where fresh graduates fall short of skills and abilities to keep up with the jobs offered to them!

      I have been criticizing positively the old system and the K-12 system of education since time immemorial because both don’t cater for what the industries and national economy need. What the academe authorities don’t see are the things we (in the industries) normally live with. These are the conditions I would like to raise here so people who look at one side of the coin should realize that the coin is multi-sided… not just two… but many sides!

      Now getting straight to the point, what we need to drive the progress of a country are the fast actions of the government and heavy business activities of the private sectors. Government needs to execute plans to build infra-structures such as bridges and roads, and other pro-business policies. Private businesses should utilize the latest systems such as Lean & Mean, Kaizen, Six Sigma, ISO, etc. to get high profile bottomline results. All these shall generate high GDP for the country and thus make most of us successful! By the way, does any school teach those information?

      So what should be the role of the educational institution? The schools led by the Department of Education should determine and implement a no-nonsense curriculum RELEVANT to economic progress. What are the fundamental areas of knowledge the students need to be versatile on? In a nutshell, businesses need people who are skillful in COMMUNICATION, BASIC MATH & STATISTICS, SCIENCE, FINANCIAL & BUSINESS MANAGEMENT, and BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE. All these subjects can be learned in just ONE YEAR….. provided irrelevant subjects like MUSIC, HISTORY, PHYSICAL EDUCATION, etc are offered on “I-want-to-take-it” basis and not as compulsory.

      Take a look again on the subjects the students are taking from Elementary to College. You would now realize how irrelevant many of them are… hence, a lot of time, energy, and money are wasted along the way. In other words, our present curriculum specially the K-12 is indeed a burden to a productive Philippines … if you view it on a macro-economic perspective.

      My post is too long now… I will wait for some reactions before I get back here again. Thank you for your time reading my insight.

    • cianeko profile image

      Cianeko Abueva 3 years ago

      I am with you Daniel Desembrana when you said that our education system should promote "blue- collar mentality, business- mindedness and computer age skills" because these things can really help in boosting the economy. I highly believe that the country is in great need of entrepreneurs, most especially, who can create more business enterprises. Our schools have already produced many managers and potential business managers. What we need in the present times are passionate and risk- taking entrepreneurs who would cater the employment demands of the graduates. Thank you for visiting my post.

    • Daniel Desembrana 3 years ago

      I have the feeling that our current pre-college 10-year curriculum is really crammed and so the need to spread subjects out over 12 years is logical. But we also need to keep accelerated education for those kids bright enough to make it. We definitely need to give more budget to public schools to afford competent teachers and facilities. I don't mind the private schools because they are aleady competitive. Another thing is to promote blue collar mentality, business-mindedness and computer age skills such as writing softwares among our youth.

    • jonaive 3 years ago

      K-12 is not, and will never be, the solution to the problems of the Philippines. There is such a shortcoming when the main development programs of a country are based on globalization. It hinders the country's internal advancement because it always seeks the approval of other countries. In turn, the country's people are forced to abide international standards which indirectly results in the loss of a nationalistic character. Furthermore, the implementation of K-12 will only bring more hardships to the common Filipino. The poorer graduates of this program will more likely choose to work in blue collar jobs that fit their additional skills to help their families instead of pursuing college thereby hurting their chances to really have a chance of a better life. While I do believe that there is a need to revise the basic education curriculum of the Philippines, a program which has globalization has its basis will never be efficient. Also, the development of basic education should coincide

      with the development of tertiary education in order to pose a genuine change.

    • Kaser 3 years ago

      This is one of the amazing advancements of the Philippines. I'm glad they finally implemented this.

    • cianeko profile image

      Cianeko Abueva 3 years ago

      Thank you for dropping by, bebing.

    • bebing 3 years ago

      it help us to find a good job especially the time when we are already graduated in college level

      that a question needs more to be research as I se it in here Philippines that universities still lack of capabilities

    • cianeko profile image

      Cianeko Abueva 3 years ago

      That question needs more research as I am not in the position to answer such. However, according to one of my professors, it is the responsibility of every higher education institutions to offer additional programs that are commensurate to the international standards. I go with him in that because as I see it, most of our universities here in the Philippines still lack the capabilities of offering subjects that are more advanced or higher than the ones in the current system. With the general education subjects slide down to the basic education, universities can inject more specific and advanced subjects that are related to various degrees. I believe, it is just a matter of finding ways and we have a lot of ways in addressing such matters.

    • Kowtow 3 years ago

      While the years in the basic curriculum are lengthened by 2 years, the years in college will likewise be shortened because most of the general education subjects will already be taken up in senior high school. Thus a 4 year AB or BS course will now be shortened to 3. Engineering courses will now take 4 instead of the usual five years. Will our 3 year AB or BS program be recognized in the inernational community?

    • cianeko profile image

      Cianeko Abueva 3 years ago

      You're right Ana! If that would be the mindset of every Filipino, especially the education administrators and teachers, the implementation would be far better that what we expect. God bless you.

    • ana i. basig 3 years ago

      still teachers and the school administrators with the support of other stakeholders will perfect the implementation of the k to 12 plan. so we have to pave the way for a positive outlook of it! God bless the Phil!

    • cianeko profile image

      Cianeko Abueva 3 years ago

      Thank you, ddd for your insightful remarks about this phenomenon in the history of Philippine education system. Let's just be positive about the possible outcomes as well as the actions of the current administration.

    • ddd 3 years ago

      This innovation is really great. I just hope that the government should really support this by providing more school, classrooms and school supplies. If the government is really serious about this change then they should focus in providing funds not in getting money from our pocket.

    • yoramin 3 years ago

      hmm. i think K-12 is good.

    • jesus 3 years ago

      I'm strongly believe with the K-12 Curriculum,because through of this it could give realistic and dynamic learning to the students. Therefore I conclude that through of this curriculum it shape them skillfully students and they can land a job easily.

    • Niel 3 years ago

      We must implement it .. for the sake of our country ... :)

    • paeng 3 years ago

      well, k-12 is very important

    • aldrick lol 3 years ago

      well in that case i think , you must not compare our country to other country in the education because we have our own culture and tradition in Philippines , and for the mother tongue i agree that children must know their own mother tongue be for English. because in my observation . so many children knows the foreign language but they don't understand the language of their play mates because they use their mother tongue. i i thank you. ahahaha

    • Dude 3 years ago

      In addition to the K-12 program, English must also be emphasized. There are so many Filipinos who can't even proper English. They should be ashamed because the nation claims to be the 3rd largest English-speaking country. Not to mention that the original Filipino language was more complex than Spanish or English.

    • rovsky 3 years ago

      regarding for the question of racheal, if the use of mother tongue in teaching from kindergarten to grade 3 it be hard for d pupils when they enter grade 4 well, it may be if the teachers did not go further to the mean objectives of using the mother tongue in teaching.

    • racheal 4 years ago

      i just wanna ask? if the use of mother tongue in teaching from kindergarten to grade three in the new curriculum would it be hard for the students when they enter grade 4 to learn through the use of English language? then are there any techniques for them to cope with the new teaching strategy? :) thanks

    • Visitor 4 years ago

      I hope you could share more insights regarding this matter to help improve the Philippine education system.

      One way would be to integrate the idea of online learning into the curriculum having visited and read a few books from courses taught in the Philippines I can say for certain that the content and material covered are far more general and less broad than topics such as economics, an idea of using the internet and computers to access more resources freely available on the internet may help to supplement the education

    • cianeko profile image

      Cianeko Abueva 4 years ago

      It's a good thing to know your insights Jimjin909! Thank you so much! :-) I hope you could share more insights regarding this matter to help improve the Philippine education system.

    • Jinjin909 profile image

      Jinjin909 4 years ago from Nyack, New York

      i'm wondering. how will the philippine government come up with the money to build new classrooms? i've seen 30+ students in a classroom and i think it is still like that today.

    • Jinjin909 profile image

      Jinjin909 4 years ago from Nyack, New York

      I disagree with the author's last point; graduating from a school does not make a person professional. It takes knowledge and experience to be considered a professional. Also, after graduating high school, students still have to spend a lot of money to get their bachelors, masters, or doctorates. Based on my experience in US, having a college degree increases the chances of being employed.

      I studied both in Philippines and US, and I can definitely tell why Philippine's schools (mostly public) suck.

    • cianeko profile image

      Cianeko Abueva 4 years ago

      Thank you, Johanna.There is indeed a need to change our education system in the Philippines.

    • Johanna Baker profile image

      Johanna Mary Elisabeth Baker 4 years ago from Christchurch, New Zealand

      Absolutely, great argument for change. Thanks for sharing

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