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Why Does the Philippines Need the K-12 Education System?


5 Reasons Why the Philippines Needs a K-12 School System

Filipinos are known to be competitive in the international community. However, our current education system hinders us from becoming even more competitive.

Starting in the 2012–2013 school year, the education system of the Philippines was enhanced from ten years of basic education to a 12-year program through an initiative called the K-12 Education Plan, sponsored by the Department of Education.

The implementation of the K-12 plan in the Philippine Basic Education Curriculum is the key to our nation’s development. Though the government faces many problems as it implements the program over the course of several years, it is a necessary improvement since increasing the quality of our education is critical to our nation's success.

Read on to learn about the on assumption benefits of a K-12 education plan in the Philippines as prescribed by its proponents.

1. Sufficient Instructional Time

With K-12 education, students will have sufficient instructional time for subject-related tasks, making them more prepared in every subject area. With the old system, Filipino students were consistently behind on achievement scores.

In 2018, for instance, international test results revealed that Filipinos were behind compared to other countries when we finished dead last in math.

2. A More Active Role in the Learning Process

The envisioned K-12 curriculum is designed to be learner-centered, which will greatly encourage students to be more engaged in their learning process. Because the learning is focused on the individual preferences of each student, the process of acquiring new information and skills that are useful for daily life and for the future will become more beneficial and enjoyable for students.

The shift from the teacher-centered learning process to a learner-centered one paves way to more inclusive education.

3. More Skilled and Competent Graduates

Another reason to support K-12 education is because the graduates of this program is seen to be more prepared to enter the real world. High school graduates of the 10-year curriculum were not yet employable since they were not well–equipped enough for the workplace.

In addition, high school graduates of the 10-year curriculum are not yet 18 years of age. With the new curriculum, senior high school students can specialize in a field that they are interested in. As a result, upon graduation they will have the specific job-related skills they need even without a college degree. When they graduate from high school, these young people will be 18 and employable, adding to the nation’s manpower and productivity.

Moreover, should they decide to focus on making it on their own by starting a business venture, the different tracks and strands in the senior high school should prepare them for that.

4. Easy Recognition as Global Citizens and Professionals

Finally, with K-12 education, Filipino graduates will be automatically recognized as professionals abroad because we are following the international education standard as practiced by all nations.

There will be no need to study again and spend more money in order to qualify for international standards. With a K-12 education, Filipino professionals who aspire to serve the world will not have a hard time getting jobs in their chosen field.

A Competitive Advantage

Though Filipinos are known to be competitive in the international community, our current education system hinders us in becoming more competitive among other countries. The K-12 education plan offers a solution to that problem.

However, it is undeniable that there will be problems that arise as we implement the program, which could include a lack of budget, classrooms, school supplies, and teachers. But if we do not start now, when?


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Lisa on February 04, 2020:

They still prefer 10 years of basic education but they will able to enroll in college and vocational but also they could find their jobs too Lastly K12 is optional for people who needs it

kate rebbie gillesania roldan on December 09, 2019:

perception about this topic

Jhon dave on March 04, 2019:

Hello may i know what is the re statement of an additional two years is necessary to improve the quality of education in the country ?

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what is the significance of the study of k-12 program?

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Cruz, I. (2010, October 14). Mini Critique: The K+12 debate. The Philippine Star. Retrieved from http://www.philstar.com/education-and-home/620399/...

Is this the reference that I should include? Thankyou!

Morgan on January 10, 2017:

The real problems of our education is lack of rooms and teachers.if you going around to the public school intermadaite and secondary education is very clouded emaging one classroom is almost 60 to 70 person in one room how the students take a good quality of education and they attend only 5hours a day.k-12 is not the solution of lack of education REDUCE the number of person in one room.and build more school building.

monk on January 07, 2017:

Unfortunately, the problems which plague Grades 1 to 10 are also affecting Grades 11 and 12. To make matters worse, K to 12 requires kindergarten, but several students required to take Grade 11 didn't take kindergarten.

To follow the law, Grade 11 should be required only in 2024 because kindergarten became mandatory only in 2013.

the great unknown on December 14, 2016:

K to 12 is not Good for our country .. We dont need to compete globally

Revs on November 08, 2016:

I read all the above comments..and it was a great insight..

Since, K-12 is already implemented, can anyone share their thought on issues and problems on the currently implemented K-12 program and what are your recommendations? Thank you in advance for your insights..

Mixture Qumar on September 29, 2016:

We all know that eduacation is for national development, how would it perform its role if there are issues like lack of equipment for k-12 curriculum?

pls answer.. tnx

xyz on September 23, 2016:

well it helps a lot!

JUST AVAH on August 29, 2016:

We dont need to debate about K-12. Im grade 11 senior high and for me K-12 is a big help. 2 years in senior high is like a traning ground for me to increase my knowledge and skills. Instead of blaming DEPED why dont we just support them. Come to think of it they will not implement K-12 if it is not for good.

Sweet Janna on October 22, 2015:

I was really inspired in this page, this will helped me to motivate my Education students to become more globally competitive and holistic educators...

mil on October 04, 2015:

despite of the good contributions k-12 program contributes to us, still it is not enough reason to solve our education system here in Philippines.


If there has to be change in the educational system, it will be all about the change in perspectives. It will be difficult and painful for people who are in the system for quite some time. But to change, to create change, to pursue change, there has to be a change of heart and perspectives.

I am just hoping too hard that people in the Department of Education and its stakeholders will take more effort to deepen their understanding on how K to 12 can be a tool for societal change and social relevance. That people in this department will see hope in this educational program as to widen its effects in terms of changes personally, professionally, organizationally, and socially. Good luck to all of us.

Mhar Rohas on August 24, 2015:

K+12 is good in our Education System. Daang matuwid ang ating tatahakin kung ang iboboto natin sa darating na eleksyon ay ang karapatdapat sa ating mga puso

klar on August 05, 2015:

. i think im not dis agree of that k-12 program...please.. Deped..ty

astig18 on August 03, 2015:

I think I'm favor of k-12 curriculum,just my point of view it maybe long term,but the most important thing ,the students will enhance his/her learning more,students will be more prepared and also they can find job easily because they graduated in high standard education.It will easy for theme to have a job in abroad with just graduating in high school,cause they're are parents who can't support they're child in studying college,and a students will be in their legal age to work not like in old curriculum.

kyung on June 02, 2015:

and with that kaya na nating pantayan ung ibang country and remember, philippines is the 2nd intelligent country in the world kya i must agree with that k-12 kahit marami pa po kming mpgdaanan :]

kyung on June 02, 2015:

and para madali lng po kmi mkahanap ng job..

kyung on June 02, 2015:

i agree with that k12 curriculum although grade 9 plng ako, para naman po hnd tyo mpgiwanan ng ibng bansa

marj on May 16, 2015:

.i am againtsssss k-12

ZEM on March 06, 2015:

We need better education not more education.

weng on February 03, 2015:

, lets give k-12 a chance how far he could go despite the criticism around him, if not then there's another years to change it again and again at least we do it than never.....we said that abroad is different from Filipino tradition but nw we are imitating other countries even the way of clothing etc....so lets enjoy and accept the a little bit of transformation of our education system its not a crime but its for the benefit of our future leaders. that a young leader can afford to touch hear etc. using his senses the technology and new skills he wanted from the beginning of his life that he thought he can not even touch it, at the end pwede na niya maipagmamayabang sa lahat na may degree holder na hindi na xa basta basta hindi gaya sa amin noon na wala maski isa na skills na maipagmamayabang, hanggang nakita ko na lang kaklase q naglalako ng kahit ano mabuhay lang minsan ang iba gumawa nlng ng crimen para mabuhay dahil wala nga skills magagamit para sa desente at matinong trabaho para sa pamilya, (its just my opinion)

marge on February 03, 2015:

i'm against on k-12 program...how come k-12 graduates can easily found a job when in fact those collge graduates are still struggling to find a job..how would it help our country when we still have the issue of poverty in our country and we still have a high percentage of unemployment in our country.

ewan on December 14, 2014:

Panget mga comment niyo

ron on October 05, 2014:

no comment na lang po para din naman to sa lahat eh.......

WalangTrabaho on September 18, 2014:

Two Job Seekers for Interview:

Tomas dela Cruz: Tapos po ako ng K12 sa Lapu Lapu High School.

Tom Cruise: I finished studies at La Salle University major in ComArts.

Take your pick who gets the job.

hehe on September 17, 2014:

How much is the government paying you guys to write this garbage? Obviously you are a shill promoting something you know nothing of, have you checked the situation all over the phillipines?

haha on August 25, 2014:

Another government shill? Hay naku etong mga mina market parin hanggang ngayon itong k to 12 na ito masyadong obvious ang machinery at work. K to 12 will be dismal failure.

MindanaoBisaya on August 25, 2014:

Even before the implementation of this k+12 system, most of the schools here in the philippines lack facilities. Poor classroom/teacher - student ratio. Come here in Mindanao and see for yourself that our students don't need this kind of system, what they need is good facilities and comfortable classrooms. More funds not more years.

Emmanuel James Dl. Nadres on August 20, 2014:

I myself believe that the K to 12 implementation is very unnecessary. Why do we have to copy the educational systems from other countries when we could just improve our own. Why not just give more improved training to teachers from both public and private schools, give more budget to the making of more classrooms, hold more seminars with hands on exercises for the students in the higher years regarding different technological aspects, Make education more fun for students rather than the old method, which in my own opinion, is kinda boring.

~Emmanuel James Dl. Nadres



josh 13 on July 30, 2014:

i disagree about this k to 12 curriculum because nowadays we , as a student are so tired in finishing the high school level even if it is only 4 years .

Bev on July 13, 2014:

K12 will surely make filipino people globally competitive and employable! Hurray to the DepEd personnel for implementing this curriculum.!

Romeo on June 30, 2014:

All insights above are right but I disagree K-12 will reinforced to work forced and hoping new curriculum will not lead to JOB Hunting

JP on June 13, 2014:

I am homeschooling/Unschooling my child. This, should be an alternative for parents like me.

I don't want my child to be part of a long line of herd that conforms and in effect does not develop critical thinking!

Mercurio on May 23, 2014:

Now it is very clear, K-12 Educatyinal program caters the Filipino youth to become GLOBALLY COMPETETIVE LABORERS......

weng on May 22, 2014:

well then, it's already implemented by our government (depEd), if they really like to improve our education system as the author said to be more competitive, they should see and check all schools in the remote areas also, they should try to do it to see real condition, they should be aware as it is being seen in the media's documentary shows. need to create a program wherein all children in remote areas who wants to have better education will reach it, also to avoid child labor.

ivy on April 27, 2014:

Adding more years in basic education is I think not the best solution to improve the quality of education in our country. The basic problem lies in the implementation. Not all teachers perform their tasks very well, especially those in the far-flung areas. Since very seldom monitors come to look at what they are doing or if ever these monitors come, they just make the so-called "flying visits". Am so frustrated with that kind of attitude of some supervisors. they just go visit the schools just to scare the teachers and leave after eating and do not even have time to look at how the teachers prepared the lesson plans and how they execute what they have planned. we need to change this kind of attitude among supervisors and school administrators. monitoring and evaluation is a very weak aspect of our educational system. I hope and pray this will change in due time.

azyl on April 03, 2014:

K-12 has its boons and banes as well..But, if we work hand-in-hand this program will be of great help to change the antiquity of our educational system.

eleneart on February 20, 2014:

For me this curriculum is definitely much better than the previous one. It talks about the preparedness of individual learner when they finished their studies.

pinky on February 09, 2014:

our teachers in k-12 should also be well equipped wd knowledge and skills in order to provide quality education,trainings and more trainings for teachers is badly needed

yajee on January 30, 2014:

Since K+12 Education system was already implemented by our government, I believe that debating about whether or not to implement it is no longer rational. What we must do now is to help our government improve the K+12 system; like what Sir Nestor L. Parafina has conveyed in his arguments. I love his points of putting less emphasis on subjects which consume lots of efforts and time yet still not useful to economic development. What we need now are children with greater understanding on how to make this country great again...by putting more advancements in economic-related subjects we can stand up once again.

arcilyn on January 26, 2014:

Yes,we really need k-12 educational system for us to develop more our skills if where we belong

But the fact is,we're lack of facilities

raquel Sapong on January 24, 2014:

Not all families could send their children in college, with the k-12 program, after graduating from senior high school, students have the chance to get a job related to their specialization or they can become an enterpreneur. With the NC II, they can become skilled workers where they can get jobs in abroad. Unlike before, pag high school graduate lang, mas mahirap makahanap ng work.

kay on January 15, 2014:

k12 program will maybe helps to enhance our education system that's may insight

leena on January 11, 2014:

develop the young individuals to be independent..

mylene on January 06, 2014:

can i ask all of you ?how do you thingk education can change the current status of the philippines.?

charlie on January 06, 2014:

that statement above can be a related literature? pls answer

thank you

MaEsY26 on December 22, 2013:

I think k-12 is a good project of the government because it gives the students more time to master the basic academic lessons. Graduates will also be well prepared for the higher education.It would be easier for them to find a good job inside or outside of the country that helps in the economic development of our country.

Nestor L. Parafina on November 19, 2013:

I read all the comments above... I hope I didn't miss any point. Except for the thoughts of Daniel Desembrana and comment of Cianeko (just above my posting), all other comments failed to focus on the link between K-12 and individual success or the nation's economic progress. No one took a time to comment on the structure and content of both the traditional and K-12 systems of education. No one said something on whether the old and the present elementary, high school and even college curriculum have got added values on what an induvidual needs to be truly successful... or what are the pre-requisites for a nation to be well-off!

Let me show you my arguments. Kindergarten is a preparation for Elementary, Elementary is a preparation for High School, and High School is a preparation for College. College is supposedly a preparation for either getting employed or establishing one’s own business. Nevertheless, reality is, college graduates are not prepared for almost any job! They need to be comprehensively trained by the company he got into! What happened to the 19 years of kindergaten-to-college head-banging study? Surprisingly, this does not happen only in the Philippines. All countries implementing the K-12 systems including Finland which is considered to be the best in education at the moment succumb to the same situation where fresh graduates fall short of skills and abilities to keep up with the jobs offered to them!

I have been criticizing positively the old system and the K-12 system of education since time immemorial because both don’t cater for what the industries and national economy need. What the academe authorities don’t see are the things we (in the industries) normally live with. These are the conditions I would like to raise here so people who look at one side of the coin should realize that the coin is multi-sided… not just two… but many sides!

Now getting straight to the point, what we need to drive the progress of a country are the fast actions of the government and heavy business activities of the private sectors. Government needs to execute plans to build infra-structures such as bridges and roads, and other pro-business policies. Private businesses should utilize the latest systems such as Lean & Mean, Kaizen, Six Sigma, ISO, etc. to get high profile bottomline results. All these shall generate high GDP for the country and thus make most of us successful! By the way, does any school teach those information?

So what should be the role of the educational institution? The schools led by the Department of Education should determine and implement a no-nonsense curriculum RELEVANT to economic progress. What are the fundamental areas of knowledge the students need to be versatile on? In a nutshell, businesses need people who are skillful in COMMUNICATION, BASIC MATH & STATISTICS, SCIENCE, FINANCIAL & BUSINESS MANAGEMENT, and BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE. All these subjects can be learned in just ONE YEAR….. provided irrelevant subjects like MUSIC, HISTORY, PHYSICAL EDUCATION, etc are offered on “I-want-to-take-it” basis and not as compulsory.

Take a look again on the subjects the students are taking from Elementary to College. You would now realize how irrelevant many of them are… hence, a lot of time, energy, and money are wasted along the way. In other words, our present curriculum specially the K-12 is indeed a burden to a productive Philippines … if you view it on a macro-economic perspective.

My post is too long now… I will wait for some reactions before I get back here again. Thank you for your time reading my insight.

Arni Abueva (author) from Manila, Philippines on October 27, 2013:

I am with you Daniel Desembrana when you said that our education system should promote "blue- collar mentality, business- mindedness and computer age skills" because these things can really help in boosting the economy. I highly believe that the country is in great need of entrepreneurs, most especially, who can create more business enterprises. Our schools have already produced many managers and potential business managers. What we need in the present times are passionate and risk- taking entrepreneurs who would cater the employment demands of the graduates. Thank you for visiting my post.

Daniel Desembrana on October 27, 2013:

I have the feeling that our current pre-college 10-year curriculum is really crammed and so the need to spread subjects out over 12 years is logical. But we also need to keep accelerated education for those kids bright enough to make it. We definitely need to give more budget to public schools to afford competent teachers and facilities. I don't mind the private schools because they are aleady competitive. Another thing is to promote blue collar mentality, business-mindedness and computer age skills such as writing softwares among our youth.

jonaive on October 05, 2013:

K-12 is not, and will never be, the solution to the problems of the Philippines. There is such a shortcoming when the main development programs of a country are based on globalization. It hinders the country's internal advancement because it always seeks the approval of other countries. In turn, the country's people are forced to abide international standards which indirectly results in the loss of a nationalistic character. Furthermore, the implementation of K-12 will only bring more hardships to the common Filipino. The poorer graduates of this program will more likely choose to work in blue collar jobs that fit their additional skills to help their families instead of pursuing college thereby hurting their chances to really have a chance of a better life. While I do believe that there is a need to revise the basic education curriculum of the Philippines, a program which has globalization has its basis will never be efficient. Also, the development of basic education should coincide

with the development of tertiary education in order to pose a genuine change.

Kaser on October 02, 2013:

This is one of the amazing advancements of the Philippines. I'm glad they finally implemented this.

Arni Abueva (author) from Manila, Philippines on September 16, 2013:

Thank you for dropping by, bebing.

bebing on September 15, 2013:

it help us to find a good job especially the time when we are already graduated in college level

that a question needs more to be research as I se it in here Philippines that universities still lack of capabilities

Arni Abueva (author) from Manila, Philippines on August 14, 2013:

That question needs more research as I am not in the position to answer such. However, according to one of my professors, it is the responsibility of every higher education institutions to offer additional programs that are commensurate to the international standards. I go with him in that because as I see it, most of our universities here in the Philippines still lack the capabilities of offering subjects that are more advanced or higher than the ones in the current system. With the general education subjects slide down to the basic education, universities can inject more specific and advanced subjects that are related to various degrees. I believe, it is just a matter of finding ways and we have a lot of ways in addressing such matters.

Kowtow on August 05, 2013:

While the years in the basic curriculum are lengthened by 2 years, the years in college will likewise be shortened because most of the general education subjects will already be taken up in senior high school. Thus a 4 year AB or BS course will now be shortened to 3. Engineering courses will now take 4 instead of the usual five years. Will our 3 year AB or BS program be recognized in the inernational community?

Arni Abueva (author) from Manila, Philippines on July 17, 2013:

You're right Ana! If that would be the mindset of every Filipino, especially the education administrators and teachers, the implementation would be far better that what we expect. God bless you.

ana i. basig on July 17, 2013:

still teachers and the school administrators with the support of other stakeholders will perfect the implementation of the k to 12 plan. so we have to pave the way for a positive outlook of it! God bless the Phil!

Arni Abueva (author) from Manila, Philippines on July 06, 2013:

Thank you, ddd for your insightful remarks about this phenomenon in the history of Philippine education system. Let's just be positive about the possible outcomes as well as the actions of the current administration.

ddd on July 05, 2013:

This innovation is really great. I just hope that the government should really support this by providing more school, classrooms and school supplies. If the government is really serious about this change then they should focus in providing funds not in getting money from our pocket.

yoramin on July 04, 2013:

hmm. i think K-12 is good.

jesus on June 20, 2013:

I'm strongly believe with the K-12 Curriculum,because through of this it could give realistic and dynamic learning to the students. Therefore I conclude that through of this curriculum it shape them skillfully students and they can land a job easily.

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