8 Reasons Why India Is So Poor

Below the Poverty Line !!
Below the Poverty Line !!

The Super Poor India !

India has 363 million (or 29.5 percent) people under the poverty line based on a survey of 2011-12, as against 407 million (37 percent) in 2004-05. This is latest claim that comes from the Rangarajan Committee in June 2014, until then it was pegged at 269 million (22 percent) using another formula. That’s enough for the comedy of poverty line in India! The more comprehensive Multidimensional Poverty Index 2013 report of UK based Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) says that 53.7 percent (or 650 million) people are poor. While there can never be agreement on poverty numbers, compare these numbers with the European Union and US populations of 500 million and 320 million, respectively.

India holds the distinction of having the most number of poor of the world – a super poor nation! Consequently, South Asia has become the world’s biggest center of extreme poverty. On the World Bank’s extreme poverty line of 1.25 dollars a day, there are roughly 500 million extreme poor in South Asia, followed by 400 million in sub Saharan Africa. The chart below clearly shows the global poverty trends since 1981.

Given the multitude of languages, customs, cultures and “castes” in India, the reasons for poverty are also numerous and intertwined. Here an attempt is made to highlight 8 important reasons for high poverty in India. However, one message is very clear: One has to look at poverty, beyond income.

Global Poverty Trend since 1981

South Asia and sub Saharan Africa are Poorest regions in the world.
South Asia and sub Saharan Africa are Poorest regions in the world.
Education of girls is the best anti-poverty tool.
Education of girls is the best anti-poverty tool.

1. Social Inequality Leading to Exclusion and Marginalization

Societies cannot progress if certain sections of people are left-out simply because they happen to be from the “wrong” class, caste, ethnic group, race or sex. If the virus of color and race based discrimination has damaged the social set up of many countries in the West, the bacteria of “caste” division has undermined the cohesive social fabric of India. Lower caste people have traditionally been excluded from the mainstream society governed by the so-called upper caste communities. They have historically lived isolated in the periphery of the villages and townships and subsisted doing only those tasks considered “unfit” for the other castes. Their un-touchability can be considered the worst form of rejection by the mainstream society.

While considerable change has taken place in people’s attitude since 1947, but the “lower caste” communities are still not satisfactorily absorbed in the mainstream society. Rural India (where 70% of the population lives) is still quite “caste conscious” compared with the urban society where education and financial well-being has largely erased the caste divisions. Mahatma Gandhi tried to remove the social stigma of un-touchability by coining the label "Harijan" (god's people) for them but with only partial success. The official label for about 170 million unfortunate lower caste people is Scheduled Caste (SC).

Another segment of society that is still very much detached from the mainstream is the tribal community forming 8% of the population. These tribal people (called Scheduled Tribe (ST)) have historically lived in secluded areas such as forests. The Colonial British designated their habitations as "excluded areas" not as any special privilege but for convenience of the colonial policies. Unfortunately, the “free” governments after 1947 never bothered to assimilate them into rest of the mainstream society and the tribal communities continued to remain isolated and “barely governed.” As a result, besides the poverty of the tribal communities, their backward due to lack of governance of their areas also gave rise to armed Maoist movement. It, ideologically, wants to establish communist state based on Mao’s principles through gun battle. Popularly called Naxals, these Maoists now pose the biggest internal security threat for the country.

Beside the SCs and STs, there are several other communities designated “Other Backward Classes” or simply OBC – they may or may not be Hindus. Their socioeconomic plight is also similar to SCs and STs. The list of OBCs is dynamic and every now and then the government edits it (mostly for political reasons); there is significant confusion about their exact proportion. However, most experts agree OBCs to be in the range 25 – 35% of the population.

Why this issue of marginalization is important can be guessed from the statistics: Indian population consists of roughly 16% SC, 8% ST, and 35% OBC. Hence, combined together they form 60 – 65 percent India's population! So, the population of the so-called forward or upper class is less than one-third, but who by and large control everything.

The policy of reservation in government jobs for the backward communities has certainly helped them to rise up to some extent. But it is limited to the small fraction of the backward communities that somehow managed to do well and gain education.

What say you?

What is the most basic cause of poverty in the US?

  • laziness
  • bad economic policies
  • racial or ethnic discrimination
  • plain stupidity
See results without voting

2. Illiteracy

High level of illiteracy, particularly in the rural areas and among women, has been a crucial factor not only in perpetuating economic backwardness but also for high population growth. The persistence of high illiteracy has created a situation where poverty and population are feeding each other. It is well established that female literacy plays an important role in the well-being of the family in many ways. When women are educated, they not only contribute economically but also raise healthier kids and keep the family size small. Early marriage of girls and early child bearing is closely related with their low literacy; it feeds poverty.

In 2010 only 26.6% women above 25 years found to have received secondary education, as opposed to 50.4% men. In comparison, in China 54.8% women and 70.4% men had secondary education; in the US, this figure was 94.7% for women and 94.3% for men.

3. Population

While the growth rate of population has decreased significantly over the decades and the rate fertility decline has accelerated since 2011, India's population is currently growing annually at the rate of about 1.4 percent. The total fertility rate has sharply fallen to 2.3 and should approach the replacement rate of 2.1 by 2020 and country's population should stabilize by 2050 at around 1.5 billion and then fall. The current population increase is largely driven by population momentum (large base of people in the fertile age); not because people want large families. Around 18 million people are added to population each year. However, not that many people are lifted out of poverty every year.

Early marriage of girls and lack of awareness about reproductive healthcare, particularly in the rural areas, are major factors behind current population growth. Population is clearly a factor contributing to, and sustaining, high levels of poverty. But the Chinese population control through one-child model would be a bad example to follow for the democratic India. ()

4. Gender Inequality

Gender equality is both a core concern and an essential part of human development. Indian social fabric is highly patriarchal which has left women significantly exploited and discriminated. If caste based biases work only outside home in the open society, the discrimination against women operates both in and out of homes. Not only men always get preference in every walk of life, their attitude towards women is largely patronizing and imposing.

Their weak status, particularly in the rural areas, is at the root of most chronic problems. It is their lack of awareness or access to family planning tools and early marriage of girls and their early child bearing, which ultimately have led to high population; lack of awareness of health issues related to pregnancy and child upbringing has resulted in high mortality rate, under-nutrition and malnutrition among children; lower education and lack of freedom has resulted in low participation in societal processes. All these factors are enough to feed and sustain poverty.

On the World Economic Forum’s 2014 gender gap index (GGI) India ranked 114 out of 142 nations. India scored below average on parameters like economic participation, educational attainment and health and survival. It slipped 13 spots from its last year's ranking of 101. It is part of the 20 worst-performing countries on the labour force participation, estimated earned income, literacy rate and sex ratio at birth indicators. The index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education and health criteria.

Indian Muslim community is perhaps most backward in terms of gender inequality. Its clergy habitually wants to live like the Arab tribes of the 7th century uncivilized Middle East, in the name of Sharia'h Law - confining women inside the veils and oppressed by polygamy and 'triple' Talaq.. But for their resistance, India would have by now a Uniform Civil Code for all Indians. Rise of radical Wahhabi Islam across the world in the past 2 decades will make the task of providing equal treatment to Muslim women much harder.

Rich Mumbai
Rich Mumbai | Source
Poor Mumbai
Poor Mumbai | Source

5. Unequal Distribution of Wealth

India happens to be a rich country inhabited by very poor people. – Dr Manmohan Singh

Unfortunately, since departure of the colonial British in 1947 all economic development has taken place in the cities, while the majority of the population lives in the countryside. Thus, the rural India has always remained neglected. Another peculiarity is the land holding pattern in India: most land has traditionally been under the control of a few landlords, leaving the vast majority landless. The "Zamindari system” of lopsided land ownership has ancient origin but given a boost during the British rule. Handful zamindars became legal owners of vast tracts of land and all others had to work for them to survive. This rent seeking exploitative system has since kept a vast majority of people in the rural India poor. Land reforms were debated noisily after independence but implementation lacked honest political will, despite the famous "Bhoodan Andolan" of Vinoba Bhave. Unfortunately, land reforms are no more an issue of public debates at present. All talks of poverty removal appear to center only around economic reforms, imitating the unsuitable Western capitalism.

The corporate world has social responsibility to work to remove poverty.
The corporate world has social responsibility to work to remove poverty.
Poor Children Sharing Meal
Poor Children Sharing Meal | Source

What do you think?

Other than income, what is the most effective anti-poverty measure?

  • Free Education
  • Free Healthcare
  • Free Food
  • All of the above
See results without voting

6. Faulty Economic Reforms

The so called economic liberalization and market reforms started in the 1990s are nothing but an attempt to replicate the Western capitalism that promotes "trickle down" economy. It serves to make the rich richer and expand the economy. India has become more unequal in recent years. In early 1990s, there were just 2 billionaires; now there are 97 billionaires, in a country of 1.25 billion people. The rich elites are also controlling more wealth, their share increased from 1.8 percent in 2003 to 26 percent in 2008. Today, they are still richer and much more powerful.

Experts suggest that if India could freeze its rising inequality, by 2019 around 90 million people could come out of extreme poverty. Reducing inequality by 10 points in Gini coefficient (equivalent of a 36 percent reduction) could further lift up another 83 million poor people.

The push to urbanization is meant to uproot the poor from their rural roots and turn them into “cheap labor resource” for businesses in the town. In the cities they would live in large slums, exploited both by the mafia and employers, devoid of human dignity and livelihood security.

Given the huge population and poverty, India needs an "employment centric" economy – millions of micro, small and medium business units. Only they can employ the unskilled or low skilled people from the vast pool of the poor.

Large high-tech industrial units don't generate too many jobs and whatever jobs they create is suitable for those who are already well off. According to the NSSO survey, the size of India's workforce is around 450 million. Of which only about 30 million work in the formal or organized sector. The government recognizes only about 70 million as unemployed or underemployed. Thus, there are 350 million unrecognized by the government as unemployed. Government surveys list them as "self employed" but they barely survive and live chronically in poverty. Who are these "self employed" people, more in numbers than the population of United States, and how do they survive?

They milk the cows, become seasonal farm workers, run small shops or sell on the roadsides, make incense sticks, match sticks and bidis, drive manual or auto rickshaws, work as domestic help, work as unaccounted contract workers on daily wages, work as gardeners and watchmen, or work as plumbers, carpenters or shoe repairers and so on. They have no safety net such as pension or healthcare benefits enjoyed by the regular employees and hence, are the most vulnerable. They are also the first victim of natural calamities, now becoming more frequent due to climatic disorder. [The poor are always the first victims of climatic disasters. Of course, nothing changes for better after their death-toll makes headline news.]

Jobless Economic Growth

The Indian economy created fewer than 3 million job between 2005 and 2010 !! Considering population growth of 18 million every year, around 10 million new jobs are needed per year!!! The current "follow West" economists of India haven't the slightest idea about what type of economic reforms India and its poor people really need. Their thinking stops at inviting "foreign direct investments" and vision fails to go beyond air conditioned corporate houses of the rich and wealthy.

India Needs “Social Capitalism”

India must reject the Western capitalism model; it needs a “Social Capitalism” that solves India’s problems. It should follow twin goals: ‘maximizing employment’ – given its huge population and poverty – and ‘maximizing social good’. This involves shifting away from the ‘shareholder’ to ‘stakeholder’ capitalism by incorporating interests of other stakeholders: employees, society, customers, and environment. Then finally encouraging what nobel winner Bangladeshi economist calls “social businesses” which operate to maximize chosen social goals while keeping the business profitable.

In fact, India needs development beyond GDP growth. Here is a 5 Point Real Development Plan for India.

7. Corruption

Corruption and leakages in government schemes are widespread in India. Late Prime Minister Rajeev Gandhi had famously admitted that only about 15% money actually reaches the ultimate beneficiaries. Even if we discard this figure as highly pessimistic and assume that say 30-35% of the welfare funds actually reach the designated beneficiaries, the rest is siphoned off by people connected to the implementing government machinery. This is a common way for the people with “high connections” to acquire wealth – of course at the cost of the poor who generally have no voice or ability to assert. Another common form of corruption in schemes designed for the poor is inclusion of non-poor people with political connections in the list of beneficiaries. The end result is that the eligible poor are denied the benefits.

The scale of corruption has steadily increased since the economic reforms were started. In 1992, when market reforms just started Harshad Mehta led stock market scam was estimated at 750 crores; it was mind boggling figure then. Now even the CAG estimate of 1,86,000 crore coal scam proves to be an understatement! Shall we see it as a sign of progress!

How India was "colonized" is reflected in this "brilliant" thinking of a British Official
How India was "colonized" is reflected in this "brilliant" thinking of a British Official
Photograph by W.W. Hooper, a Colonel in British army
Photograph by W.W. Hooper, a Colonel in British army | Source

8. The Colonial Rule

"A significant fact which stands out is that those parts of India which have been longest under British rule are the poorest today." – Jawaharlal Nehru, First Prime Minister of India

The colonial British rule laid the foundation for a long term and chronic poverty in India after they departed. This is what Nehru is saying above using different set of words. The tiny state of Kerala in the southern India fortunately saw the least damaging influence of the British exploiters (there are many reasons for that) and is at present a unique model (in the world) of improvement in the quality of life through social and human development alone. It is something unthinkable for a Western brain which has been taught to see economic growth alone as "development."

It was the traditional historic prosperity of India that attracted invaders from various parts of the world in the last 2000 years. Prior to the British, India had been ruled by the foreigners like the Kushanas, Turko-Afghans and Mughals. All of them gradually got assimilated into the Indian society and culture. They not only became absorbed in India but also protected and promoted Indian society, culture and economy. None of them systematically drained India’s wealth or resources to make another country prosperous. Revenue collected or wealth acquired by them was spent within India. Whether spent on the public or for personal luxury of the ruling elite, the wealth remained within the country. Thus, India remained prosperous even in the Mughal era until the East India Company started acquiring "diwani" (right to collect revenue) around 1760. It was the beginning of the legal "loot." The colonial rule was all about robbing India to enrich Britain; other unfortunate colonized States were also bled to make Britain prosperous.

The Battle of Plasssey in June 1757 marked the beginning of British dominance (and also the beginning of end of the Mughal Empire): when a small force of the East India Company's professional troops, defeated and killed the ruling Nawab of Bengal, Siraju-ud-daula. The outcome of the battle marked a significant turning point in the history of Indian subcontinent. It allowed the English East India Company foothold on the Indian soil, from which to undertake its future expansionist ventures within and around India. Soon, after the Battle of Buxar it acquired the "diwani" in Bengal and in 1765 its rights expanded to Bihar and Orissa.

Unlike their predecessors the British, however, consciously remained in India as foreign occupiers until their departure in 1947. They remained isolated from the Indian society and culture and formed a separate class of their own within India. The only reason for their presence in India (and in other occupied regions) was to secure raw materials for British industries and other goods for the comforts of their citizens. The vast population in India also provided market for goods manufactured back home. They subordinated Indian economy to the British trade and industry. Their economic policies actively favored non-Indians or made things difficult for Indian businessmen. As occupiers, they used Indian wealth to pay for all their expansionist ventures and territory building both inside and outside India.

Moreover, the British policies forcibly disbanded community grain banks and promoted replacement of food crops for local consumption to cash crops like cotton, opium, tea and grains for export to feed the animals in England. This change in the cropping pattern left Indian farmers vulnerable to famines. There are documentary evidence to suggest the colonial rulers chose to ignore the famine affected people. It is estimated that during the two centuries of colonial rule, famines and the resulting epidemics caused over 30 million deaths. The most recent Bengal Famine of 1943-44 led to about 1.5 million deaths from starvation; 3.5 million if deaths from epidemics are also included.

In his masterpiece "Poverty and un-British Rule in India" Dadabhai Naoroji (popularly labelled as "The Grand Old Man of India" and "The Father of Indian Nationalism") also categorically blamed "the drain of wealth" for the poverty in India.


As oppose to the Western capitalism India needs a comprehensive “development” plan in order to really crush widespread poverty. 1. It needs an economy that supports millions of small and medium enterprises; it will be suitable to employ low skilled poor people. 2. Focus on good governance to root out deep rooted corruption that eats away major chunk of the welfare budget. 3. Finally, promote women empowerment through education and healthcare; it will greatly help deal with poverty fed by the population growth.

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Readers Voice 84 comments

Sundaram Sharma 13 days ago

I am from haridwar, india. This place is made for visitors but if u accidentally born in this place, ur are going to have a bad experience. Nobody want to improve themselves, only they can blame government and no problem in that, our state government have send more than 1000 crores rupees for development and still we don't have smooth road for even 100 meters. I love my country more than anything but at the same time I hate my country people who always praise western country and at the same time help our country to make it even worse.

joe 5 weeks ago

Why not use China's one child policy? You've never explain why not. There comes a time, when population growth is going to do more harm than good, drastic actions must be done, such as restricting further births. These actions must be taken by Indian leaders. For Leaving birth control in the hands of indian populace is a receipe for disaster.

Vishal 5 weeks ago

Actually the problem lies in the above comments itself. None Indians bother about others excluding a handful. it was a colony once bt now it is over. thinking and discussing about past will make no difference. If anyone wants the country to be jst the way you want then its not gonna work. keep it simple start from yourself. Indians are expert in pulling others legs neither we have guts to do the same. learn moral values, helping the ones who suffer. contributions in small scale whatsoever can make a difference. Throw away the thoughts about caste, rich, poor, men-women differences. i actually am working in UP right now and i feel ashamed of the things that How women are looked upon by Men. neither the people have a mannerism about how to speak nor they are civilized. Moral values doesnot even count. India has become a hub of major problems:

1. Population

2. Poverty

3. Racism

these factors have led india down and no other.

sarfraj Ansari 7 weeks ago

The main reason of India's backwardness poverty ,literacy ,cruption, bad politician,etc . Today india faces many problem . this problem can solve if all indian become literate and we should hate cruption , poor should given economically halp by the government so that they find good education .

kashika tyagi 7 weeks ago

in order to reduce poverty the main step we can do is to make government go to the 3 main states that has highest poverty and take out the various methods to reduce them, its not only government duty but our as well , in order to support we can conclude many workshop in order to teach how to be hygienic .................................... india is not only government's but of our as well...........

Nick 8 weeks ago

India's achievements after 70 years of Independence:

Cow urine is more expensive than cow Milk in Incredible India.

Cow slaughter is a crime in India.

Rap3 capital of the world

over 400,000 girls rap3d & 10000s of cases go unreported.

actual rape videos are on sale in India.

minorities live a life worse than stray dogs as they are deemed untouchable. fuh!ing how a person is untouchable ????

Out of 1.2 billion,

65% people live in slums

55% don't even have water & electricity connections

Home to quarter of the world's poorest people

65% people p00p in open

5 people die of hunger every minute

Now who wants to live in this cessp00l called India !!

laxman 8 weeks ago

reservation is also one of the reason...

Tamilan da 2 months ago

i love india ......

Tamilan da

Tamilan da

Tamilan da

Tamilan da

Tamilan da

Mr. human 2 months ago

No nothing is imposible .....

Only thing is that we don't want it to be possible .....

My broyher and sister are in very bad condition because every morning I take pleage that All Indians Are My Brothers and Sisters so how I can watch my brother and sister dying because of poverty .

Please. Help me suggest your ideas to save the future of our brother and sister

7068365066 is my no. "If u can help please help" This is my moto ..........

Mckinsey 2 months ago

India will never ever become a successful and prosperous country due to a rampant corruption, vicious caste system, inadequate educational programmes and woeful state of India's health care. Game, set and match!

There was a time when we the West compared India to China, China is currently the second most powerful nation in the world and India is still not just lagging behind but it is going backwards, an economic calamity, the poorest nation in the world.

Shubh 2 months ago

India is poor because people want it to be poor

India would have been richest country if britisher didn't came to our country

India would not be poor if people would send their children to school instead of making them work

The answer is very long but the reason that it is poor is people. Britisher made us fight against each other. Britishers stole our property. They everything we had. Before britshers came to India, it was the richest place in the world

Bob 2 months ago

Generic article. Looks like is written with an Indian mindset. Very mediocre, there's nothing that stands out.

ravi 2 months ago

Very great article.

Singh 3 months ago

India deserves much better than this, we have got the fastest growing economy in the world and large pool of highly talented people but we are let down by horrible politicians

zak 3 months ago

Twenty years ago Rwanda was engulfed by brutal civil war which has claimed the lives of hundreds of thousands of innocent lives and today this country is the safest, prosperous and the cleanest nation in the world. The capital Kigali is far cleaner than New York, Amsterdam, Sydney and Paris. We have achieved this through hard work, discipline, stamping out corruption and excellent leadership and in 2025 this nation will become a middle class to upper class

I love Africa and Asia, guys can we please stop dwelling on what is wrong with our society and start finding the core problem and then remove it. India can take Rwanda as a case study; Rwandan leaders were inspired by Asian nation Singapore’s rags to riches story.

zak 3 months ago

Twenty years ago Rwanda was engulfed by vicious civil war which has claimed the lives of hundreds of thousands of innocent lives and today this country is the safest, prosperous and the cleanest nation in the world. The capital Kigali is far cleaner than New York, Amsterdam, Sydney and Paris. We have achieved this through hard work, discipline, stamping out corruption and excellent leadership and in 2025 this nation will become a middle class

I love Africa, Asia and Latin America. Guys can we please stop dwelling on what is wrong about our society and start finding the core problem and remove it. India can take Rwanda as a case study; Rwandan leaders were inspired by Asian nation Singapore’s rags to riches story

Anonymous 3 months ago

One of the reasons why india is a poor country is that the people live here are too much arrogant & too much selfish. People are jealous of each other's betterment. Too much corruption broke its legs. This land has no problem but is blessed with numerous wealth. People are the main culprits.Remember if this continues this way, India will have a nightmare soon.

SNP 4 months ago

We are not rich due to the following reasons.

1) lack of Value Education

2) lack of Value Governance

3) lack of facility for all (inequality)

4) Lastly development is just a huge wave in an Ocean, so when all indians try to develop with hand to hand then everybody will develop.

baskaran 4 months ago

india is really rich country in once upon a time ..but now my indians families are in poverty...main reason was corruption .....i wanna a good leader to rule and educate our county ......always proud to be a indian.. only day definitly it wil be change...that day india is the most powerful country in the world...

Goodpal profile image

Goodpal 5 months ago Author

Thanks for the time to read and share your thoughts. I try to focus on issues that need solution. More than my mediocre writing skills the population issue needs highlighting and I just tried my best.

Good day!

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Zerberus Tbh 5 months ago

I liked the article in what it said and entirely agree with you.

Not the best writing I saw on this site, but still pleasent to read and very informative.

Prakash sharma 5 months ago

Hello all ,

Though its true , the colonial british rule , our corrupt netas , businessmen etc. All have contributed to India s woes . but isnt it true that as citizens of this great country we have also failed to do our basic duties .? How many of you follow lane discipline ? How many of you pay bribes to the RTO for quick licence ? how many of you throw plastic wastes into the garbage dump ? How many of you have not bribed anyone to get contracts or tenders .. How many of you have misused our reservation system to get admissions to colleges and varsities inspite of being economically well off . How many of you have bought fake degrees from dubious institutes or colleges ? Ask yourself these questions and then introspect .its good to think about the society or country but before that we must think about changing ourselves . changing our attitude . India will change if we all change personally.

Goodpal profile image

Goodpal 5 months ago Author

Dr Romanov, do elaborate the point you want to make. Thanks for reading.

Good day!

Dr. Romanov 5 months ago

While there is some truth in this article, it is very biased.

Student 6 months ago

I think the most leading cause of poverty is corruption done by Politicians and some people who keep black money due to which prices are increasing and in result poor are getting more poor.....

indian 6 months ago

There are so many rich people in india if eveyone of them donates even 1 Crore Or 1 Lakh india will be rich again.Also if we buy indian products and just for 90 days we leave foriegn products india's money in rupees wilk he changed in dollars and that's a fact and everybody who read the article and the comment neeed to understand this and work on this matter . India doesn't need sympathy but it needs EMPATHY.

rohit... 9 months ago

I pray for god plz save my indian I realy hope one day they will change .....

Goodpal profile image

Goodpal 10 months ago Author

Thanks MagikGimp, for sharing.

I am glad that you did not justify the very philosophy of colonization and resource plunder. 'Developed' people don't think in terms of exploiting other people and societies.

The theme of the article is the widespread poverty in India - towards which colonialism has certainly contributed a lot; not on whereabouts of some Freaky Englishmen. The impact Indian society has seen is reflected extremely well by the said quote.

BTW, exploiters don't say or document everything they do. Indians have never sent any invitation to the British to come and take away resources or colonize them.

Britain now has the opportunity to share development technologies with its ex-colonies and help them come out of poverty. Is it doing it - is the biggest question.

MagikGimp 10 months ago

I don't know how much this article was based on sound research but that quote is commonly misappropriated with Macaulay at least.

saalim abdiaziz mohamed 11 months ago

i think the most problem of indians people have there is no middle class until view off

vipin yadav 13 months ago

A nice assimilation and systematic presentation of thoughts and ideas..It gives a deep insight & approach..

KAN 13 months ago

Dont forget the main reason ie RESERVATION

buddhaanalysis 14 months ago

India is filled with poor people and they are very dirty.

concon13 14 months ago

this was NOT HELPFUL

deal with it

Goodpal profile image

Goodpal 15 months ago Author

Thanks wut,

As we all know, all global rules are made according to narrow Western interests. Injustices like colonialism, racism, exploitation, apartheid, invasion of smaller countries, ............... globalization, trade rules..... and in the future more rules will come - they all originate from the 'static'Western mindset. The West must control and dictate. Respectful coexistence is a foreign idea that must be rejected, always.

But, the power balance is now slowly shifting to the East - China, in particular. The US will continue its traditional hegemony but it clearly lacks finnesse and insightful diplomacy. It does not match its destruction power. It is all old fashioned stick and carrot kind of stuff, devised by mediocre diplomats. It miserably failed in its glorious war against terror (!); more failure should come in coming years. It's record on climate efforts is as we all know - irresponsible and escapist.

Wut 15 months ago

There's also the trap that Western countries have put them (and many other countries) in, supplying food and clothes and electronics to the world is remarkably devalued in comparison to the services allied to banking (e.g finance itself, accounting for finance, financial consulting). Western countries can supply and produce less but still earn more for not much.

They never stood a chance.

Goodpal profile image

Goodpal 16 months ago Author

Thanks Maheshwar, for sharing.

Empowerment and skill development are two basic aspects for permanent poverty removal. For this, battle has to move in areas beyond economics and money. Unfortunately, people still see poverty as a money issue; it is actually an issue of lack of proper development beyond GDP growth.

Maheswar Deka 16 months ago

If I have Rs 100/and I buy vegetables worth Rs 100/=then it is OK and as such no loss in incurred. This is the model of economics of a country too. The Public money be spent without any wastages.Correct policies be framed-modernisation of both agriculture and industrialisation.Infrastructure be created and public utility services be provided.Both education and heath care be made available in the country.

Top Indian cinema profile image

Top Indian cinema 17 months ago from Ahmedabad

Nice in depth article... I wish we could help in removing these problems on a small scale at least...

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Goodpal 17 months ago Author

Thanks Sarka, for reading and sharing.

Yes, they are the "free market" fundamentalists whose economic textbooks tell them that government should stay away. They aim to make money and represent people with money; solving poverty is not their forte. In fact, they should stay away from talking about poverty and poor.

Sarka 18 months ago

I saw the Slumdog Millionaire film last night, and was interested to know how this amazing country so rich in culture and phylosophy has so many many people leading so troubled lives in slums.

Your article enlighted me very much, thanks. From what I recollect, the good starting point could be land reform in countyside - the state could buy the land from the rich landowners and give it to suitable "poor" people (and teach them how to work on the land). More money for them, better life for their kids with more free time to go to school, less people going to cities to find jobs and ending up in slums.

What makes me smile are the comments "state shouldn't do anything, people would become lazy", so far from day -to-day reality... look at Scandinavia states.

Goodpal profile image

Goodpal 18 months ago Author

Thanks Melissae for reading an sharing.

Yes, Americans typically blame laziness for poverty in the US. The day when they would see it coming from the nature of the economic system, there would be no poor in the US.

Ridiculous Man 18 months ago

How beautifully and systematically you have put forward the problem and a gradual process do deal with it... Very nice post Goodpal... keep it up...!!

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melissae1963 18 months ago from Tennessee, United States

What an interesting and thorough article. I find it interesting that poverty in America is linked to laziness by most people. Poverty in America cannot begin to compare to poverty in other countries.

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legalissues 19 months ago from New Delhi

Nice and Informative Article.

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Goodpal 19 months ago Author

Yes, the colonial rule like slavery or racism was never a benevolent act. It was all about loot (or rob) in ordinary language to get rich quickly!!

Look at the invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq and turmoil there. It is still about dominance, hegemony, and oil politics - 3 things NATO nations can't let go!!!!

i love india 19 months ago

omg.....the British stole our money and they ruled over us that's what caused all this hassle.....and India will become a superpower soon i have faith in that!

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Goodpal 20 months ago Author

Thanks Angel. Do keep sharing.

angelayuka 20 months ago

The articles are beautiful. The goddess bless you

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Goodpal 20 months ago Author

Thanks sweety, for sharing.

More than prayers India needs good policies and clean and transparent governance. In last 2-3 decades realities have changed so old solutions like reservations in govt jobs are neither sufficient not right approach. Empowerment is the key word for long term effects.

With dynamic Modi as PM, there is hope that some meaningful change will take place in Indian society.

sweety 20 months ago

I love my country.poor people should get rights as soon possible.plz pray for the people who r so poor to get right...

gminam 20 months ago

some people tht when then become they will go to USA but i want to see the day when they say they will come to India when they grow up

sera 20 months ago

I love my I prayer to god for safe my country in poverty

satyaveer 21 months ago

Its always amazing to read you sir.

If you wont mind could you compile your articles in pdf form .I really like the way you narrate the whole story. Indeed its my hobby now to read your work whenevr I get time.

prachi sinha 21 months ago

i like this article. This is truth that poor person don't get food , respect , home etc. In winter season some politician said that i will give blankets to poor people but some of them fulfil their promise........but some don't fulfil their promise.....

Goodpal profile image

Goodpal 21 months ago Author

Thanks :( for taking time to comment. You have inadvertently raised a vital point - people and leaders of India need to change.

It means the focus of development should be people. This is true for all the country. Even the US has 'tent cities', homelessness and hunger while it is fighting unwinnable wars for so many years.

You like India because it is still not violent, at least yet. You like it for the varied culture it has, but that is under threat as the economy is attracting exploitative corporations and their money based mono-culture.

kishanth 21 months ago

i like this article.. i would say its 100 percent true... the poor people need food, education, home, & respect..if the government would gave them, then they have no need anymore.. here are only rich people get again and again rich.. poor people are always poor..

:( 21 months ago

One of the worst countries i'v ever visited.

Racism, untidy streets, corruption leading to one of the worst infrastructures, . . . this list isn't gonna end unless the people here changes themselves, especially the political leaders.

Btw I love this country

akhil 22 months ago

"At the beginning of the 18th century India's share of the world economy was 23%, as large as all of Europe put together. By the time we won independence, it had dropped to less than 4%. The reason was simple: India was governed for the benefit of Britain. Britain's rise for 200 years was financed by its depredations in India.

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Goodpal 22 months ago Author

Thanks for shating Pradeep.

We need to chase commonsense and ground realities rather than any model.

pradeep 22 months ago

Great article....But unfortunately the common man is not aware of this....Essence of the article is follow kerala model instead of gujrat model....

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Mohank Sainikpuri 23 months ago from Hyderabad

I think politicians are to be blamed for this. Every politician in India is getting Local area development fund and it is not utilised properly. The recent adoption of a village by Sachin Tendulkar brings to highlight that such measures shall prove great in the long run. But who is sincere in politicians ?

claudio s 2 years ago

I read it but I have seen the same effects on way less poor countries. I fear you have not got the point here and the solutions that you look for a mostly political. I think India has and it is been poor and there will take a long time to go up. Education it is important but not the key element (USA was brought up to where it is today by people mostly by entrepreneurs) no that this is the key but just to point it is not the problem education. From my point of view it is thing of social concern. I believe people in india are way to humble like in other parts of the globe where poor communities live (eg Philippines) and that humbleness comes from acceptance of the current situation. As long as that mind set does not change I do not foresee a way better india unless some sort of social revolution (not reform) finally arises from the poor classes.

Goodpal profile image

Goodpal 2 years ago Author

Thanks Preethi, for reading and sharing.

We actually need to review the whole concept of development and progress as prescribed by the West. It is too narrowly limited to GDP growth alone. Here Bhutan shows the correct path through its concept of gross national happiness (GNH). Human life and hence human well-being is multidimensional; therefore progress of people should involve many things other than economic development which is merely an important tool, never an end in it self.

Following the West, we have also adopted consumption as the yardstick of progress which is silly. It is time that we sit down and think how to put people at the center of progress - as suggested by Amartya Sen. Brainless obsession for GDP growth, year after year, is also at the root of global climatic mess up and resource depletion.

preethi 2 years ago

Good work..according to me the main cause is we (public)we read many things and show our sympathy and forget an issue, i hope if every one join hands to see india as my family then we can change few issues i hope so,instead of saying my country is poor why cant we clear atleast our streets,india pls wake up remember the words of mother teresa she says "its not about how much we give,but how much love we put into giving,so its in our hand to make our india rich not by comments only by service,which i am trying my best i hope from u also,

Thank u,

Shivi 2 years ago

This is the most enlightening and useful article I have ever read.. Accurately expressed... Empowerment is the key to all problems

Manoj 2 years ago

Good article. very true. hope some change happens. main problem is corruption. here for everything we have to pay bribe. this shld change for india to prosper and get rid of poverty

shiva prasad 2 years ago

hiiiiiii every one.....

i got a foolish question in my mind ..that is WHY INDIA IS POOR????

I found many things from internet ...But i got ZERO answer ...

Hinhin 2 years ago

It's so sad because they can't eat

Goodpal profile image

Goodpal 2 years ago Author

"Change" is the most difficult thing for people who have been taught to depend on "FATE" for centuries by the clergy class. An ordinary Indian ins tied to senseless rituals right from before his/her birth to after death. These keep the Pandits/Purohits in good economical conditions and em-poor the ordinary folks. Indians are still slave to irrational thinking promoted by misguided gurus whose livelihood depends upon people's ignorance.

This must be another major cause of high poverty in India.

som 2 years ago

People should change

Rikki Sarohi 2 years ago

I love India, but the reason why they are poor is because for thousands of years, India has been ruled and striped of its wealth. Take the british empire for an example, they stripped our wealth and made us 2nd class citizens. We need time for progress and 67 years is not enough

rajesh 2 years ago

Don't always blame on corruption.

Inefficiency and unable to or unwilling to learn from other nations on how to overcome Inefficiency is also one of the main reasons.

India wastes more than 50% of food on inefficient logistics raising food prices high.

Inefficient agriculture gives only 30% out of the land by area.

Lack of R&D in spite of having thousands of Engineering collages makes us buy simple things like a Dustbin (Chennai Corporation bought a dustbin from Germany and placed it in front of my house). Than to Politicians and lobbyist from Germany. We paid 4 times more and also lost a chance to offer some employment.

Lack of credit.

India pays 10% on housing loans to world bank but Western nations pay 2 to 4 %. So they live out of our 6%

georgebob 2 years ago

THE INDIANS goal must be go to other country, and wipe out the people there, and call other indians to live there,in this way people in indiawould become less. Less people in a big country would enjoy a RICH life

Like WHITE MEN did to aborginal black australians, to red indians in the north and south america and occupying their land, which resulted in less population in their own country or origin, and more in the occupied land

Lohithkumar 2 years ago

India may not be successful nation but it's the land of values it may not be successful now but definitely I'll make it to be successful...... If everyone takes initiative no one can show finger on us.........

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Goodpal 2 years ago Author

Thank you sid, for reading and commenting.

You have raised a very valid point: how will you employ so many people even if educated. Seen purely from the capitalistic angle it is impossible, as you mentioned rightly. India is following a wrong economic model based on corporate led economic growth. In last 10 years it has only increased the GDP without job growth. Even if the jobs are created they will be only for educated middle class, the vast mass of poor will be left untouched by the "growth." India needs a 'job oriented' and people-centered economy, not the 'trickle down' economy it is following today.

The solution lies in promoting millions of small and micro enterprises, only they can employ the masses that are unskilled or low skilled. A populous nation like India can't look after its masses following the "trickle down" economy and urbanization. There is hope that the 2014 general election will bring to fore people who understand India and need of its masses better. Even good solutions from the rich nations are unlikely to work in India, given its unique set of problems which are too many - from corruption, to bad governance, to high poverty, to super high diversity.

India's best hopes lay in the ideas of Nobel laureates Amartya Sen and Muhammad Yunus, not in the rich countries's economic textbooks.

Sid 2 years ago

Education sounds good on paper but can India afford to educate so many people ? Even if it does miraculously manage to do so then what about jobs ?

No matter whatsoever the government does it will not be able to create so many jobs, heck if all fortune 500 companies recruit ONLY from India then also people will be left unemployed.

Bharat paliwal 2 years ago

poverty is an abused for man & frankly say it's reason is corruption.

Goodpal profile image

Goodpal 3 years ago Author

Thanks Amazing Thinker for time to read and comment.

Please feel free to link or share my hubs in any manner you want to. Publishing on Hubpages is all about sharing ideas, learning from others, voicing opinion, raising queries and supporting each other.

Have a Wonderful Day!

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AMAZING THINKER 3 years ago from Home

Great hub Goodpal!

Can I link your hub?

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Goodpal 3 years ago Author

Thanks Sara, Krishna and Jo for commenting. I never knew that a serious topic like poverty would invite caring comments.

"What are the real chances of any type of reform?"

Frankly speaking, unless someone with the true leadership quality of Atal Bihari Bajpai emerges and starts providing effective governance, it would be futile to waste mental energy on much optimism. Current leaders on the national scene can be at best like the "Liliputians" compared with the problems India faces. At the core of all problems is stifling bureaucracy and their nexus with corrupt politicians. The bureaucracy and the police is still clones of their colonial counterparts; they are at their best performance when it comes to harassing the common men or the poor.

Just like in pre 1947 period, the elected representatives act like unaccountable rulers and "lords of the common people;" hardly ever as people's representatives or problem solvers.

My blog outlines some of the important issues India must address:

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my_girl_sara 3 years ago from Georgia

It is tragic, the condition of India as a whole but free public services are not the answer. Welfare creates a lazy underclass that will never rise above. People want to work hard for themselves and see a return in the form of money and possessions. Education is the place to start but not a government education. A second place where India needs help is birth control. They cannot sustain the amount of people they have in that country. It's a big problem and one that I'm afraid will get a lot worse before it gets better.

vamsi krishna 3 years ago

True....A concrete policy holistically designed and implemented in spirit only will make Indians raise above poverty.

jo miller profile image

jo miller 3 years ago from Tennessee

India touched my heart when I visited, so I sincerely hope to see progress there.

What are the real chances of any type of reform?

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