Is Christmas a Pagan Holiday?

Updated on December 18, 2019
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Reformed Eve is a daughter of God, which makes her royalty - no matter what the world throws at her. She straightens her crown quite often.

Are Christians actually celebrating a pagan holiday every December?
Are Christians actually celebrating a pagan holiday every December? | Source

Is Christmas Turning Into Xmas?

Some of us feel a strange conflict when we see "Xmas" instead of "Christmas". What causes this internal conflict? We might tell ourselves that it's just because there was no room to add "Christ." But then this becomes not just an issue of making room for a holiday sign at a store. It becomes an issue of faith and spirituality.

Do we make room for Christ, especially on Christmas? And how did Christmas come to be what it is today? This article will answer a few mysteries about the meaning and origins of Christmas, including:

  • Why Is Christmas on December 25th?
  • What Does It Mean to Be Pagan?
  • What's the Connection Between Christmas, Yuletides, and Sun Gods?
  • Are Christians Accidentally Following Pagan Traditions?
  • What Are the Origins of Santa Claus?
  • Why Have There Been Anti-Christmas Trends in History?
  • How Can Christians Keep Christ in This Holiday?

We're all familiar with Jesus' nativity scene, but at what time of year did it actually happen?
We're all familiar with Jesus' nativity scene, but at what time of year did it actually happen? | Source

Why Is Christmas on December 25th?

Christmas is usually celebrated on the 25th of December. It may not be the actual birthday of Jesus, but more of a commemoration of the day of his birth.

In the book of Luke and Matthew, different accounts are told about Jesus's birth. In fact, many of us only know the basics. Mary was a virgin. Joseph was upset that Mary randomly got pregnant. An angel talked to Joseph. They left town. She gave birth in a manger. Three wise men came that night because a star guided them. In fact, many songs, like "The Little Drummer Boy," mention the series of events, as follows:

Come they told me, pa rum pum pum pum,
A new born King to see, pa rum pum pum pum
Our finest gifts we bring, pa rum pum pum pum
To lay before the King, pa rum pum pum pum,
rum pum pum pum, rum pum pum pum,
So to honor Him, pa rum pum pum pum,
When we come.

Take away all the pa rums and pum pums, and we have a story of the three wise men bringing gifts to lay before the King. Unfortunately, the Bible does not mention when Jesus's birthday was.

The day of December 25th was set by Pope Julius in the 4th century AD. (AD means Anno Domini, which equates to "Year of Our Lord".) This is a theory, however, and many believe that Christmas started off as a substitute for celebrations for winter solstice, which were pagan in nature.


What Does It Mean to Be Pagan?

Sometimes when I read articles trying to learn more about a subject, I get annoyed at how some writers sling words around like "pagan," assuming one understands the deeper meaning of pagan. Let me what explain paganism really is.

Pagan can mean that you worship multiple gods (also known as polytheistic). Pagan can mean that you don't necessarily believe in religion. The word "pagan" has also been used to disparage people who do not follow one of the Abrahamic religions. Pagans may believe in the natural world as its own force. For example, are Wiccans pagans? Wicca is derived from "witchcraft," and yes, Wicca happens to be a type of Paganism.

Artist Antoine Callet depicts a Saturnalia celebration.
Artist Antoine Callet depicts a Saturnalia celebration. | Source

Yuletides and Sun Gods

Let's go back to winter solstice. This is the celebration of the beginning of the solar year that celebrates light and the sun's rebirthing. For Romans, this was also known as Saturnalia. It was the most popular holiday in accordance with the Roman calendar. Sacrifices and gifts were offered to the gods in the sowing season of winter.

In ancient Europe, it was known as "yule." Does the word sound familiar? Yulecomes for jul, which is the Norse word for "wheel." The wheel was in reference to the sun as a wheel that was responsible for the change in the seasons. Emperor Aurelian (a Roman Emperor, also known as Father Christmas), worshipped the Pagan sun god. He persecuted sects that he considered rivals, like Christians.

December 25th, in the year of 274, was declared as the feast day known as Invictus Sol. He levied harsh taxes on the rich, made bonfires, canceled debts of a public nature, and did all this to try to gain favor with his people. (This "generous" spirit came to be known as the "Christmas Spirit.") Since Christians knew they could not worship the sun god, they prayed to their own Jesus Christ, lord and savior. So Christ Mass, perhaps derived from "Christ's Mass," came to be.

How Christians Accidentally Celebrate Pagan Winter Solstice

The song "Deck the Halls" mentions this cryptic line: “Troll the ancient yuletide carol.” How many fa-la-la-la-la's does it take to realize that this line may be referring to winter solstice, and therefore, pagan roots? And why do we make yule logs and burn them? This was the Nordic tradition to celebrate, again, winter solstice.

Yule Logs

The yule log was part of a large tree that was chosen with care. In pagan traditions, the celebrations were more than a day long. In fact, many lasted 12 days (as in the song "The 12 Days of Christmas"), so the trees would be lit or utilized for those 12 days of winter solstice celebrations.


Part of winter solstice is to adorn one's homes in sacred herbs, such as ivy, holly, boughs of evergreen, pine cones, and even that romantic mistletoe sprig that's said to bring true love. Wreaths, anyone? Harvested evergreen tree? The reason for this was to bring nature indoors to please the nature gods. Many believed that these evergreens would keep away disease and bad spirits. Since winter solstice was a time for the sun god to "get well," the evergreens brought indoors were a reminder that green plants would bloom again when the sun god was well. Vikings actually believed that the sun god, Balder, gave them the special gift of evergreens.

Red, Green, and Yule

Do you know that the Druidic holiday colors are green, red, and white? Druids' festivals celebrate equinoxes and solstices, which are controlled by the Sun and Earth. The website TwoPagans mentions that the colors for Yule pagan observances are green, red, gold, silver, white, yellow, and orange.

Let's backtrack a bit—what are Druids? Druidry was a shaman-like religion that focused on nature-based medicines. In fact, many people believe that Stonehenge was a place of worship for the Druids to cast incantations of a magical nature.

Who does Christmas really belong to?
Who does Christmas really belong to? | Source

The Pagan Origins of Santa Claus

Santa Claus is a strange mix of pagan Gods. He is a mix of Poseidon, Saturn, Wodan, Cronos, Holly King, Father Ice, Thor, Odin, and Tomte. You may have heard of St. Nicholas, or Sinter Klaas, which shows its Dutch roots. One can write a whole other article on the subject of Santa Claus alone, as it's extremely interesting, but it's all based on pagan roots. It was Americanized, of course, and stitched up to be less pagan and more kid-friendly.

So who were these aforementioned gods?

  • Cronos was Father Time.
  • Holly King was a Celtic god that symbolized the 'dying year'.
  • Saturn was the agriculture god.
  • Father Ice was the Russian god of winter.
  • Thor was the Norse sky god that rode through the sky in a goat-drawn chariot.
  • Odin was also another god of Scandinavian roots that rode through the sky on a horse with eight legs.
  • Tomte was a Land Spirit, also from Norse lore, that gave gifts to children.

In the 1840s, a man known as Thomas Nast, who drew cartoons and illustrations, drew a figure that resembled the Bavarian god-mix that he remembered from the Alps of his childhood—the image we know today as Santa Claus. No, he was no longer dressed in animal skins. Yes, he looked more like a man and less like a gnome. No, he no longer threatened or punished people. But yes, he shows up in Christian homes and traditions.

The Popularity of Christmas in History

During the times of the Protestant Reformation, Christmas was given a good blow to its chin. Around the 16th century, the Protestants did not approve of Christmas due to its pagan roots. Christmas, pagan style, was rowdy. It was loud. It was a bit too lively. It was accompanied by drink. Oliver Cromwell decided that Christmas was illegal to celebrate. This went on for about 25 years and happened around the 1600s. The biggest issue was that Christmas did not have its roots in the Bible or Christ. People still continued to celebrate Christmas, however.

The Roman Emperor Constantine, when he converted Christianity in the year 312, sanctioned Christianity. Leaders of the church tried to integrate already-ingrained pagan rituals with Chirality in an attempt to introduce and strengthen the word of God and Jesus. The rationalization was this: The world was created on a spring equinox, so maybe late March. Jesus may have been conceived on a similar date, and a pregnant Virgin Mary would give birth nine months later in winter, around the time of winter solstice.

Ideas for Keeping Christ in Christmas

  • Give God a special gift. Promise God to spend more time with him.
  • Forgive someone who has wronged you.
  • Make time to read the Christmas Story in Luke 1:5-56 through 2:1-20.
  • Turn to K-Love to listen to beautiful, uplifting Christian music.
  • Watch movies that are based on Jesus.
  • Set up a Nativity scene outside and/or indoors.
  • Have the kids make nativity or Jesus-based crafts.
  • Make a birthday cake for Jesus with the family to commemorate Jesus's birthday, and even have a full-fledged birthday party for him.
  • Sing faith-based Christmas carols at a nursing home, or volunteer at a local charity-based organization.
  • Give an unexpected gift to a family or friend, or even a stranger, to exemplify Christ-like service and love.
  • Dedicate time for Bible readings and family devotions on Christmas Eve or Christmas morning.
  • Attend Christmas church services as a family.
  • Send Christmas cards that have a message of a spiritual nature.
  • You can decide to deviate a bit from the traditional green and red colors of Christmas, and maybe decorate with colors or themes that remind you of Jesus.

Let's Not Ban Christmas

Most of us know, or feel, that Jesus wasn't born on December 25. In fact, my husband had a strange conflict about it when we were going to spend our first Christmas together. We had to be long-distance at that time, and I, as a gift, sent him a tiny nativity scene and a tiny Christmas tree since he said he didn't have anything like that. He had just moved to his new home, so I chalked it up to that. When he received it, he seemed put off by the gift. He mentioned that he hated Christmas because it was just a commercial holiday.

It's true that Christians can't escape the commercialism and paganism that runs rampant in many parts of the world. We really can't suppress that giddy, happy feeling that comes from within when Christmas trees and stockings line up the shelves at our favorite store. What Christians can do is just recognize the love of Jesus, make sure He fills up our hearts and homes, and ensure that the "Christ" is always in our personal "Christmas."

We want that Christmas glow, in our home and hearts. Christians want that glow to come from above, not from that new phone that the world has been eyeing. We want that family time, cheer, and celebration in a time when the days are, perhaps, a bit dark. Ultimately, God knows our good intentions. He knows our good hearts. So let's make a bit of an extra effort, this Christmas, to say yes to Jesus, and yes to his birth, and yes to hope and to salvation. May God bless you always.

© 2019 Reformed Eve


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    • Mark O Richardson profile image

      Mark Richardson 

      8 months ago from Utah

      Excellent and Interesting article. I don’t like to see or hear Xmas either. Yes, Christmas has acquired aspects of paganism over time.

      However, symbolism with traditional Christmas can be tied to Christianity: Giving gifts/service, red outfit of Santa=the blood of Christ, Christmas lights=the light of Christ.

      My opinion about the date of Christmas is that at some point, people wanted to liven up winter and make it merrier.

      One thing I have considered as of late is that as a Christian, I should not be offended if someone does not reciprocate when I wish them “Merry Christmas,” just as someone should not be offended if I do not reciprocate if I am wished Happy Hanukkah or Happy Ramadan as I am not Jewish or Muslim.

      Good suggestions on keeping Christ in Christmas. In the spirit of Christmas, we can determine which parts are in the true spirit and which parts are commercial. I like K-Love as well. I like several Christian artists such as Casting Crowns, Matthew West, Jeremy Camp and Brandon Heath.

      God does know our intentions and hearts. Amen to that.

    • reformedeve profile imageAUTHOR

      Reformed Eve 

      8 months ago from USA

      Thank you so much! I agree with you. I hope you are having a great holiday season. God bless you.

    • techygran profile image

      Cynthia Zirkwitz 

      9 months ago from Vancouver Island, Canada

      Nice job of bringing a lot of information together in a cogent way!

      I don't think it says anywhere in the Bible that "three" Kings/wisemen visited the Christ child. Not sure if that came from the music or where.

      I am of the same attitude as you-- Christmas is a wonderful time to celebrate the good in people, to come together as believers and to enjoy our family. Merry Christmas to you!

    • reformedeve profile imageAUTHOR

      Reformed Eve 

      9 months ago from USA

      Thank you as well..for your informative, intelligent articles. May God bless you always.

    • AliciaC profile image

      Linda Crampton 

      9 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks for sharing the historical information. This is an interesting article.

    • Alexander Mark profile image

      Alexander Silvius 

      9 months ago from Portland, Oregon

      A beautiful article. There is a special place in my heart for Santa Claus even though I know that Christmas was heavily influenced by paganism and politics. I think your admonition is correct - to make it a time to focus on the "real" meaning of Christmas. And there is a difference between Christmas and Halloween which is an outright celebration of death and the dark spiritual realms. For many people I know, Christmas is about Jesus, his birth and resurrection. I think too that the traditions of culture in different lands and times will always affect us, and the important thing is what we do with it. Like listening to Christian music instead of worldly radio stations that mostly promote things that are against God. Christian music isn't perfect of course, but it's our focus that dermines where we stand with God.

      I wouldn't prevent anyone from not celebrating Christmas, God speaks to all of us individually, but for me it is a time to think about Jesus, God's love and mercy, family and togetherness. These are not bad things unless we revert to pagan practices associated with Christmas to worship other gods.

      Santa is a questionable icon and I have often struggled with it. But I have to think of the movie, "Santa Clause," with Tim Allen, The kindness and warmth he brings to the Santa Claus character brings to my mind Jesus and who God really is: love. So if we use these things to preach Jesus, I think (my opinion, not God's word) we are doing well.

      The New Testament tells us to abstain from pagan practices like eating food dedicated to other gods, but it does not command the gentiles to turn to Jewish culture. In addition, in Acts 17, Paul used the common culture of knowledge seeking and their blind worship of an unknown God, as a jumping off point to preach Jesus. As he instructed us to, like him, become all things to all men, he used their beliefs and culture as a jumping off point to teach them about God. I think using Christmas and even Santa Claus may also be a fantastic jumping off point to point the way to Jesus.

      CS Lewis's Narnia Chronicles opened my eyes to Jesus at the end - that's the first time I understood who Jesus was and I didn't turn to magic or witchcraft as this set of books is filled with.

      By reading this and considering these things above, I believe that celebrating Christmas with God in mind, is not a bad thing. I think as long as we approach this holiday with a desire to please God, being mindful about the pagan influences that might twist the important message we think of today at Christmas time, and with prayer, we will please God.

      Thank you for the history behind it, and the way you ended the article. God bless you and merry Christmas!

    • reformedeve profile imageAUTHOR

      Reformed Eve 

      9 months ago from USA

      You are right, God knows the heart and it's intentions. Have a blessed day, and thank you.

    • lifegate profile image

      William Kovacic 

      9 months ago from Pleasant Gap, PA

      Nice job, Eve, of presenting the truth in love! Christmas can be a wonderful time of glorifying God or insulting Him. But let's not do away with it. God certainly knows the heart. Thanks for putting the time in to write this hub.

    • celafoe profile image


      10 months ago from From Kingdom of God living on Planet earth in between the oceans

      of course you left out the real reasons that only permissive apostate church christians celebrate xmas and no real disciple of Christ will ever celebrate the satanic xmas.

      1.Scripture makes it clear that the real followers of Christ are not to mix the Holy things of God with the profane.

      2. We are not given the date of Jesus birth because we are not to celebrate it,

      3. Jesus told us the ONLY way HE WANTS US TO Celebrate Him.

      (Luk 22:19)  And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.

      (1Co 11:24)  And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me.

      (1Co 11:25)  After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.


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