Wealth creates inequalities. How can these be addressed? What are the deeper problems?
James Webb Telescope: Triumph of Science or Waste of Money?
When Ariane 5 pushed James Webb into space, I posted a video on a group I manage on Facebook. Immediately, one of the members asked if the money spent could be better used.
Big projects usually cost a lot more than initial estimates. The James Webb Space Telescope is no exception. The final cost is hovering around an eye-watering $10 billion. Even Elon Musk might think twice before spending this amount.
The question we need to answer is whether we should have spent this money on more urgent social issues.
Let's look at what James Webb is going to do. This might give us a clearer idea of any value it might have. The telescope has four objectives:
- To detect light emitted by the first galaxies. These formed over 13 billion years ago. Their light has been travelling towards us since then. Webb is looking into the deep past.
- To study how galaxies and stars form and evolve.
- To help us understand the formation of stars and their planets.
- To examine planetary systems and understand the origins of life.
The Value of Knowledge
If all goes well, we will learn a lot from the James Webb project. Knowledge is valuable in itself. It may not have practical value but there are many things that are life-enhancing but not useful. Think of the Taj Mahal, the Grand Canyon, or the plays of Shakespeare.
Some of these things cost money, others do not. But they make humanity richer in a spiritual sense.
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Where is the $10 billion?
The telescope is not carrying the investment with it. Nobody sealed $10 billion dollars in a plastic bag and stuffed it into a compartment. NASA and its collaborators spent the money on the instrument, research, and labour. In other words, this money cycled back into the wider economy. It created jobs and new knowledge.
The Wider Question
Should we have spent this money on other projects? A glance at the news tells us that much of the world is in dire need.
Most people will accept that richer nations have a duty of care. There is no excuse for famine or treatable disease. Yet so many die every year that we could save.
The world's GDP is over $80 trillion. There is more than enough money around to ensure dignity for all.
The real problem lies in two related areas. One of these is the will to change. We could do so much more to help and yet we don't. The second aspect is that of distribution. Wealth is filtering upwards in the rich west. A few people are very wealthy, meanwhile, the middle-class shrinks and the poor get poorer.
You might not like the People’s Republic of China, but it has succeeded in bringing millions out of poverty. Perhaps we can learn from them how to do this on an international scale.
The $10 billion spent on Webb is a drop in the ocean. We can afford it. It is not a question here of either one thing or another. We should press ahead with big projects. But, at the same time, we need to think about how to help others.
Every human being deserves dignity. Let us see how we can ensure it for everyone.
- Latest news
The unfurling of the observatory's giant sun shade is a major milestone for the $10bn mission.
With the unpacking of its big mirror, the $10bn telescope is on track to begin its historic mission.