Ways YOU Can Help Protect Endangered Species

Updated on May 28, 2018
melbel profile image

Melanie has a BS in Physical Science from Purdue Northwest and has an interest in computational research in protein folding.

Published May 31, 2012.

Manatees share the same fate as green sea turtles.
Manatees share the same fate as green sea turtles. | Source

Protecting endangered species is important in maintaining biodiversity on our beautiful planet. There is a wide range of organizations, nature reserves, and zoos that work in keeping endangered animals from going extinct.

As we modernize, we're able to offer more benefits to animals (such as "green" technology), but we're also doing more damage (chemical spills, tearing down forests, etc.)

Because of the aforementioned pitfalls, preventing extinction is weighing on the shoulders of every individual, not just a few small organizations.

Fortunately, there is a lot that just one person (like you) can do to make a huge difference! The following is a list of the things that you (and your friends) can do to help species in your area and throughout the world.

Polar bear populations are an important indicator of climate change.
Polar bear populations are an important indicator of climate change. | Source

Introduce Native Plants to Your Garden

This may seem like a small step, but planting native flora can really help local animal species. Birds and butterflies in your area love to feed on local plants. In fact, they've been feeding on these types of plants for thousands of years!

This will attract more birds and butterflies to your garden (which makes it extra pretty) and could save their lives. Plants meant for another region of the world could actually be harmful to some animals!

If you would like to keep non-native plants in your garden, destroy their seeds so they don't get carried off by birds (or the wind) and sprout somewhere else. Some non-native plants can get become invasive and push out the native flora.

The northern spotted owl is a threatened species
The northern spotted owl is a threatened species | Source

Quick Tip:

Don't buy red hummingbird nectar. The red color doesn't attract the birds (the colors on your feeder do enough to attract them.)

Red hummingbird nectar has added dyes that these birds don't need or care about. Buy clear, dye-free nectar or better yet, make hummingbird food at home! It's easy and completely safe for your feathered friends.

Green sea turtles have been around for 100 million years, but in recent years have been threatened and made endangered by humans.
Green sea turtles have been around for 100 million years, but in recent years have been threatened and made endangered by humans. | Source

Eat Organic (and Don't Use Chemical Pesticides)

Pesticides do a lot of damage to animal populations and they're also unhealthy for you! Avoid buying fruits and vegetables grown on farms that use pesticides by buying organic food (or even growing your own!)

Organic food does have a few downfalls, it's a bit more expensive, doesn't look as pretty, and goes bad more quickly. However, the tradeoff is that they taste way better (the difference in flavor is way noticeable), they're healthier for you, and they're way better for the environment than the alternative.

If you grow your own fruits and veggies, you can make your own environmentally safe pesticides at home. This will save you money and keep insects off your veggies. And, of course, you'll want to fence off your plants to keep hungry squirrels and rabbits off your crop.

Pandas are threatened by the clearing of forests for farming and housing.
Pandas are threatened by the clearing of forests for farming and housing. | Source

Invite Wildlife Into Your Yard

You don't exactly have to be Snow White and invite deer, skunk, and rabbits into your yard, but make your backyard more friendly to local wildlife. Put up a bird feeder and fill it with seeds from local plants (see the first section on native plants.)

If you have hummingbirds in your area, get a feeder and buy nectar (or grow flowers that hummingbirds like.)

If you'd like to attract a lot of pretty native birds, set up a bird bath. You'll see colorful birds playing there in no time!

Are you a cat owner? Keep your cats in the house. Not only is this safer for your kitty, but birds really don't like to hang out in a yard belonging to a cat.

Set up a squirrel feeder. This will give squirrels something to eat other than the bird seed. You can try buying a tricky bird feeder that makes it difficult for squirrels to snack on bird seed, but for whatever reason, they always seem to figure out those tricks. Your best bet is to just feed the squirrels their own, separate meal.

Learn About Local Endangered Species

The largest impact you can make for endangered species is learning about (and doing work for) endangered species in your area.

If you live in the United States, you can find out which species are endangered by searching for your county in the database at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered Species Program.

To find out ways to help, you can contact your area's Department of Natural Resources or contact your nearest university's biology department.

This cute, little bird (Piping Plover) is endangered in my area. What plants and animals are endangered where you live?
This cute, little bird (Piping Plover) is endangered in my area. What plants and animals are endangered where you live? | Source

Did you know?

3 of the 9 known species of tigers went extinct during the 20th century.

They were the Caspian Tiger, Javan Tiger, and the Bali Tiger.

Make Your Voice Heard

Get your message out to more people. This can make an enormous difference, because you may inspire others to get involved.

  • Tell friends and family about endangered species and enlist their help. The more the merrier!
  • Start a group that aims to protect areas that are near and dear to the residents of your town.
  • Write newspaper editorials about the environment to engage a large audience.
  • Arrange a meeting with the local radio station -- you might even get to make your message heard over the airwaves.
  • Set up a booth at a festival to teach fair-goers how they can make a positive impact.

The only place in the world Siberian Tigers live in the wild (marked in red.)
The only place in the world Siberian Tigers live in the wild (marked in red.) | Source

Join An Organization

There are several organizations that would love to have your help! Write down a list of the types of activities you would like to get involved in. This will help you find an organization where you can make the biggest impact.

You can join an organization in your area (like a college club or the area's zoo) or you can get involved with a larger international organization.

While working with an organization, you can meet others who share similar interests and have a lot of fun working toward a common goal.

Being a part of a wildlife organization is a really awesome way to get involved in an issue you care about and make a huge difference. I work with Greenpeace and wouldn't trade the experience for anything!

Questions & Answers

    © 2012 Melanie Palen

    Comments

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment

      • livingsta profile image

        livingsta 

        5 years ago from United Kingdom

        This is an eye opener, has made me think. Thank you for this wonderful hub. Voted up , awesome and sharing!

      • newusedcarssacram profile image

        newusedcarssacram 

        5 years ago from Sacramento, CA, U.S.A

        This is a wonderful and appreciable hub indeed. I really find it so useful while reading.

        Thanks for sharing and congrats...

      • MelChi profile image

        Melanie Chisnall 

        5 years ago from Cape Town, South Africa

        I can't believe I didn't find this hub earlier! Wow...I didn't realize there were so many small things we can do to help protect endangered species by just making small changes. I'll check out the organic food today when I get groceries, maybe I can start by changing a few items each week. I loved this hub! Well done! :)

      • Written Up profile image

        Written Up 

        6 years ago from Oklahoma City, OK

        Well written, thought provoking. Makes me want to do more, which I guess is the point!

      • phoenix2327 profile image

        Zulma Burgos-Dudgeon 

        6 years ago from United Kingdom

        Well done on getting 'Hub of the Day.'

      • prasonline profile image

        Prasanna Marlin 

        6 years ago from Sri lanka

        Beautiful and Very good advice. Great article

        Congrats on getting " Hub of the the Day "

      • J.S.Matthew profile image

        JS Matthew 

        6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

        This is a great Hub with beautiful photos melbel! Very well written on a very important topic! We have to protect the endangered species around us. We all can do a small part! Congrats on the Hub of the Day! Well deserved! Voted and shared.

        JSMatthew~

      • jpcmc profile image

        JP Carlos 

        6 years ago from Quezon CIty, Phlippines

        Many consumer habits directly or indiretly affect endangered animals. The moment we realize what effects we have on these animals the faster we can change our habits.

      • Dancing Water profile image

        Dancing Water 

        6 years ago

        This a wonderful, clear, beautifully written hub! I do all of the above, but there is one point not in your hub that for some is controversial: If we humans don't stop overproducing ourselves, all of the wonderful ideas you have so eloquently expressed in your hub will not save our planet. Perhaps I should write a hub about overpopulation and its dire impact on our planet. Or would you do so, please? You have a great following, and I would so love to see our planet achieve zero human population growth. Voting up! Thank you again for such an important hub, melbel! You have a beautiful heart!

      • rebeccamealey profile image

        Rebecca Mealey 

        6 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

        A Stellar Hub! I hope it reaches the vast majority that don't seem to give a darn about ecology. Every little thing that we do to protect our wild like counts. It is a team effort that needs to involve a massive number of human beings. And Congrats on HOTD!

      • pstraubie48 profile image

        Patricia Scott 

        6 years ago from sunny Florida

        Hopefully we can all do at least a little bit to help make a difference. My little grandson and all little grandsons and granddaughters need to be able to see the inhabitants of our planet that are in such a fragile situation at the moment. Thank you for sharing this with us. Voted up. Congratulations on hub of the day.

      • TToombs08 profile image

        Terrye Toombs 

        6 years ago from Somewhere between Heaven and Hell without a road map.

        Excellent information, Mel, and wonderfully presented. I love all the hints for protecting the wildlife around us. So many people are quick to preach to do it but never give instructions on the "how!" You didn't preach and you offered easy things anyone can do, anywhere. VUMS.

      • bdegiulio profile image

        Bill De Giulio 

        6 years ago from Massachusetts

        Everyone needs to be aware of this. When a species goes extinct it's gone forever. Shame on us for letting it happen. You are correct in that we can all make a difference and it's starts at home with the little things. Excellent Hub. Voting up, Sharing.....

      • Stephanie Henkel profile image

        Stephanie Henkel 

        6 years ago from USA

        Congratulations on your well-deserved HOTD! One of the things that made your article outstanding is that it pointed out ways for the ordinary person to make a positive difference. I particularly appreciated your note about planting native species and destroying seeds of non-native species in your garden. Non-native species can crowd out native species of plants that are valuable food sources and shelter for native birds and animals. Look at the damage that kudzu is doing in the south!

        On a personal note, I was interested to see the picture of the piping plover in your article as there is quite a controversy in the Outer Banks over beach closures in some areas of the National Seashore to protect their nesting grounds. It seems that there are just times when we must put the environment first!

      • ThoughtSandwiches profile image

        ThoughtSandwiches 

        6 years ago from Reno, Nevada

        Melbel,

        Awesome job that certainly deserves HOTD recognition for the important topic and excellent write up! Quite clearly, we can do more around here but with two dogs and four cats...we will never be bird friendly.

        We do eat organic, recycle, and cut up our plastic crap.

        Great job!

        Thomas

      • Gypsy Rose Lee profile image

        Gypsy Rose Lee 

        6 years ago from Riga, Latvia

        Voted up and interesting. Thanks you for this very interesting and informative hub. I'm all for helping animals. I do as much as I can and sign each petition to protect them that comes my way and am in a Wildlife protection group on FB. Passing this on.

      • DzyMsLizzy profile image

        Liz Elias 

        6 years ago from Oakley, CA

        Congrats on HOTD! Well done!

        We have a small fountain the birds love, and a couple of almond trees that the squirrels love. It's just as well I'm not crazy about almonds, as we never get any. The squirrels are into them before they are even ripe!

        Our kitties all live indoors only, but there are a few neighbors who think it's "ok" to let their cats roam, so there's no point in putting up bird feeders. We just let the crows, jays, mourning doves, finches, humming birds and others do their own thing in the trees.

        Voted up, interesting and useful.

      • jennzie profile image

        Jenn 

        6 years ago from Pennsylvania

        Great tips! I don't understand why people can't just enjoy and appreciate nature instead of destroying it. Voted up and more!

      • Mrs. Menagerie profile image

        Mrs. Menagerie 

        6 years ago from The Zoo

        Thank you for writing this hub and sharing such important information. Here is one more worthy organization...

        http://www.animalsasia.org/

      • urmilashukla23 profile image

        Urmila 

        6 years ago from Rancho Cucamonga,CA, USA

        Great hub with awesome pictures. Thanks for sharing it,Melbel. Voted up!

        Congratulations on Hub of the day!

      • profile image

        carozy 

        6 years ago

        Great hub, congratulations on writing a Hub of the Day!

      • shea duane profile image

        shea duane 

        6 years ago from new jersey

        Great hub.... last night, there were two deer eating plums from my tree in my front yard. I was so happy!

      • homesteadbound profile image

        Cindy Murdoch 

        6 years ago from Texas

        Very nicely done, Melanie! The pictures and the writing were both amazing. Congratulations on HOTD! You really deserved it!

      • mary615 profile image

        Mary Hyatt 

        6 years ago from Florida

        Congrats on HOTD! I live in S. Fl. and we have manatees and the seaturtles that I get very concerned about. Our county is trying very hard to help these creature, but the boaters speed and injure or kill the manatee, and the poor little seaturtles don't have much of a chance getting into the ocean after they hatch. Some idiots even steal the eggs if they can!

        Great Hub. I voted it UP and will certainly share.

      • RealHousewife profile image

        Kelly Umphenour 

        6 years ago from St. Louis, MO

        Melanie - Congrats! This is really "ALL THAT" and a piece of cornbread! Way to go - beautiful, informative, interesting....terrific photos!

        Loved it! Up and everything!

      • ThePracticalMommy profile image

        Marissa 

        6 years ago from United States

        Just coming back to say congrats on the Hub of the Day!

      • Teresa Coppens profile image

        Teresa Coppens 

        6 years ago from Ontario, Canada

        Mel, congratulations on Hub of the Day. Awesome advice to help the planet including ourselves by protecting our biodiversity.

      • tammyswallow profile image

        Tammy 

        6 years ago from North Carolina

        This is one of the best hubs of the day I have seen to date. Fabulous photos! Congratulations on your well deserved honor.

      • Jenna Pope profile image

        Jenna Pope 

        6 years ago from Southern California

        Very good Hub! Animals deserve our consideration. They were here first. Voted up.

      • ChristyWrites profile image

        Christy Birmingham 

        6 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

        Congrats on the hub of the day designationa! Way to go! Such an important topic too.

      • daskittlez69 profile image

        daskittlez69 

        6 years ago from midwest

        Thanks for the great Hub!!!

      • Suhail and my dog profile image

        Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent 

        6 years ago from Mississauga, ON

        "Make your voice heard" for sure. There is just too much ignorance and arrogance around. First, people just don't know what is our endangered flora and fauna and second, many think of our top endangered predators as Varmints. For example, there are many people who believe that wolves are a threat to humans and livestock and support their hunting indiscriminately. Then there are those who think all endangered wildlife will survive only till it has to survive and then it will go extinct just like many others before it. They don't realize that most of the flora and fauna of today is not endangered because of nature's course, but because of human interference.

        An awesome hub that can quickly make a reader do something practically for saving our precious natural heritage. Thanks for writing and sharing.

      • internpete profile image

        Peter V 

        6 years ago from At the Beach in Florida

        While I was living on Okinawa, Japan, I had the fun opportunity to go snorkeling with sea turtles several times. It was so much fun, and they are the coolest things to watch as they glide through the water. It would be sad for these guys to disappear! Nice hub!

      • profile image

        kelleyward 

        6 years ago

        Congrats Meanie on the HOTD! After reading this I realize, although I'm doing some things you mentioned to help protect the endangered species where I live, there are more things I can be doing. My middle son is an avid animal lover so I'm thinking about getting him involved more in protecting animals in our neck of the woods. Awesome hub! Kelley

      • ktrapp profile image

        Kristin Trapp 

        6 years ago from Illinois

        Melbel - What I really like about this list of suggestions is that they are very easy to implement and have a lot of benefits for us people as well as wildlife. I am definitely going to get a hummingbird feeder and I think one for finches too. Congratulations on Hub of the Day; what a great way to get the word out on protecting endangered species.

      • bridalletter profile image

        Brenda Kyle 

        6 years ago from Blue Springs, Missouri, USA

        Adorable pictures. Birds enjoy my yard. Birdbath, Plants, wren and blue bird houses. It helps to keep things watered too. I have been environmentally inspired by a few college classes, so I enjoy your article too.

      • vespawoolf profile image

        vespawoolf 

        6 years ago from Peru, South America

        I love the idea of introducing native plants into the garden and inviting wildlife into the yard, besides joining organizations to protect wildlife. Congrats on Hub of the Day, a well-deserved award!

      • whonunuwho profile image

        whonunuwho 

        6 years ago from United States

        A wonderful hub and very timely. We have got to all chip in and do our share of good stewardship in order to maintain the biological balance and preserve our lives as well.

      • ashish04joshi profile image

        Ashish Joshi 

        6 years ago from India

        Awesome hub....no surprise here it went on to be hub of the day! Congratulations...

        Looking forward to follow some of the great advice here...

        Thanks for this great write.

        'up' and much...and shared of course!!!

      • starstream profile image

        Dreamer at heart 

        6 years ago from Northern California

        Your article is a beautiful way to say we all can do something to save endangered species. If we all take positive action it will contribute to the health of planet earth.

      • ComfortB profile image

        Comfort Babatola 

        6 years ago from Bonaire, GA, USA

        Congrats on the HOTD award! Very interesting hub.

      • missolive profile image

        Marisa Hammond Olivares 

        6 years ago from Texas

        Melanie, I remember reading this Hub before and I must have not left a message. This is such a great Hub - no wonder you earned the Hub of the Day today! 7-9-12! Congratulations!

        Your pictures, layout, and explanations are wonderfully informative. And those polar bear pictures are just too cute. I've added a couple of your suggestions to my own garden over the years. Native plants are so much easier to care for and they thrive beautifully in their natural zone. Well, it paid off. I have a beautiful assortment of butterflies, humming birds and even parrots that visit me pretty often. Thanks for a great read and congrats again on the HoD!

      • cclitgirl profile image

        Cynthia Calhoun 

        6 years ago from Western NC

        I had to come back and say congrats on your Hub of the Day. I had a feeling this would get it - it's that good! :D

      • Global-Chica profile image

        Anna 

        6 years ago from New York, NY

        Congrats on getting "Hub of the the Day" with such an important topic and great advice. I want to be able to help protect endangered species and from your suggestions can tick off "eat organic" since I only buy organic products but I'm about to check off "join an organization" by checking out the three you recommend and joining one and try to be active in it.

      • Daisy Mariposa profile image

        Daisy Mariposa 

        6 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

        Melanie,

        Congratulations on your Hub receiving the *Hub of the Day* designation. Well done!

      • Pamela Kinnaird W profile image

        Pamela Kinnaird W 

        6 years ago from Maui and Arizona

        Very good article and so many good points in it.

        One excellent organization that came to my mind when I was reading this hub is the Fur Bearer Defenders. This is an organization in Canada since 1944 -- trying to help the animals.

        http://furbearerdefenders.com/

        Voting up and useful.

      • ThePracticalMommy profile image

        Marissa 

        6 years ago from United States

        Melbel, these are awesome tips that anyone can follow. It's a shame that organic food has to be so expensive; you would think something that is grown so simply would be inexpensive! I'm trying to grow as much of my own veggies at home to save some money, and I'm using organic pesticide to keep the plants bug free. I'm glad that's on your list and I can do that much!

        Voted up, awesome, and sharing!

      • davenmidtown profile image

        David Stillwell 

        6 years ago from Sacramento, California

        Melbel: This an example of why you rock! The article is very well written and provided not only examples of how people can make a difference, but also makes a great example of how to write a great hub. Well done... DMT

      • Ionizer2012 profile image

        Ionizer2012 

        6 years ago from Kirkland, WA

        Great article, if were not careful, these precious animals will only be pics in books.

      • Melovy profile image

        Yvonne Spence 

        6 years ago from UK

        This is great, I love how you’ve included eating organic as a way to help animals. Not so obvious perhaps, but very true. Your other suggestions are great as well, and of course the pictures are gorgeous - yes even that one at the top, though I’m not sure if she’s an endangered animal? :-)

      • phoenix2327 profile image

        Zulma Burgos-Dudgeon 

        6 years ago from United Kingdom

        Very good advice. I've making small inroads into this. I'm trying my hand and planting more flowers to attract butterflies. I'm also growing my own veg. I'll definitely be looking at your hub on homemade organic insecticide.

      • ChaplinSpeaks profile image

        Sarah Johnson 

        6 years ago from Charleston, South Carolina

        Thanks for a very important reminder about protecting, and enjoying, animals. We love hummingbirds and make our own sugar-water nectar. If you want to feed the deer, just plant some cucumber - I noticed they just ate all of mine! Awesome hub!

      • Patty Inglish, MS profile image

        Patty Inglish MS 

        6 years ago from USA. Member of Asgardia, the first space nation, since October 2016

        Rated Up and Awesome - This is good work for the environment as well as a good piece of writing and illustrating.

      • cclitgirl profile image

        Cynthia Calhoun 

        6 years ago from Western NC

        Beautiful, well-said, well-written hub. I'm so into the green movement that your hub really caught my eye. Thank you for writing this - because one person really CAN make a difference. It takes a lot of people to make a difference to really instigate change. Bravo!

      • mwilliams66 profile image

        mwilliams66 

        6 years ago from Left Coast, USA

        Melbel you've written another fantastic hub. The protection of endangered species is a great passion of mine.

        Though always a lover a animals I had no idea about the plights of so many species until I was in 5th grade(a long time ago). At that time, I was fortunate enough to have a teacher who saw something in my writing. He was very passionate about getting the California Condor onto the endangered species list. I was asked to write about the child's perspective on this subject. This evoked a lifelong passion in me as well.

        I truly believe that hubs such as this, are exactly what is needed to bring about change.

        Well done!

      working

      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, soapboxie.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://soapboxie.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

      Show Details
      Necessary
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Features
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Marketing
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Statistics
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)