Has a degree in education from DLSU-Manila. An academician and a published writer.
With the influx of modern technology, the modernization of civilization has reached its climax. But seemingly, this modern world has brought about plenty of social crises, including a rise in criminal activities. I believe the death penalty should be imposed in the Philippines because its benefits to society outweigh its negative aspects.
Why Capital Punishment?
Based on statistics registered by the Philippine National Police, the Philippines' yearly crime volume has escalated from 85,776 in 2002 to 324,083 in 2010 ("Crime Stat at a Glance”). This is about a 300 percent increase in just eight years. This report is quite alarming. It is about time to reconsider imposing the "death penalty" throughout the land. Imposing capital punishment could be a good solution in providing a more safe environment for the citizenry and advancing its economic progress.
Security and Lower Crime Rates
The “death penalty” aids the government greatly in providing a more secure environment for its constituents. Based on a report by Channel News Asia, Singapore's Deputy Prime Minister and Home Affairs Minister Teo Chee Hean pointed out that the review of the "mandatory death penalty" reaffirmed the significance of the imposition of the capital punishment. Furthermore, the deputy prime minister asserted that “The government’s duty is first and foremost to provide a safe and secure living environment for Singaporeans to bring up their families.”
A study conducted by Sam S. Sourial revealed that the Saudi crime rate was significantly lower than the median rate in the region and than in any individual country. The study also found that the continuing imposition of a death penalty in Saudi Arabia aids greatly in purging the society from its criminal elements.
The law must have "fangs" or a "sting" to be enforced effectively. These "fangs" refer to the various forms of capital punishment. For law enforcement to make an impact, it must be something that will instill "fear" among the people. Peace and order will be observed in a society wherein the people truly fear their government.
Correlation With Economic Achievement
The presence of a death penalty contributes a lot to the nation's progress, and economic growth Maintenance of Peace and Order is one of the major requirements to help a nation achieve progress and economic growth. It will be such a great challenge for a nation with a high crime index to achieve sustainable development and economic growth. A city cannot thrive well if it has become a cradle of criminals. A city wherein criminal activities flourish cannot be a good investment hub.
Most cities and countries in the world that have succeeded in achieving economic growth are those countries that have successfully implemented peace and order. Among these countries is Singapore. Singapore is considered one of the most progressive economies in Asia. It is one of Asia's three largest economies; it is among those countries in the region with the highest per capita income. It is also interesting to know that Asia's three biggest economies (China, Japan, and Singapore) all impose capital punishment.
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Much of Singapore’s economic success can be attributed to its strict implementation of peace and order. Based on a TravelAwaits.com report, Singapore is the safest city to visit in Asia. It is known widely throughout that Singapore strictly imposes a death penalty. Economic growth depends a lot on the social stability of a nation. A nation must maintain a low crime index to make it a conducive place for investors. To be a good investment hub, a nation must enjoy social stability and considerable security.
What About Human Rights?
On the other hand, human rights advocates strongly oppose the reinstatement of capital punishment. Amnesty International Asia-Pacific Director Champa Patel contends, "The death penalty for alleged drug offenders like extrajudicial executions, violates international law, deprives people of the right to life and disproportionately targets the poor” ("Philippines: The death penalty is an inhumane, unlawful and ineffective response to drugs”).
According to the article "Kill the Death Penalty," there were innocent people on death row that have been executed. This is indeed a heartbreaking and irreversible dilemma. The article also cites a report that a recent study discloses that 4% of people on death row in America are not guilty. The study reveals further that since 1973, about 144 prisoners on death row were found to be innocent of the crime for which they were convicted.
Poor people are the most vulnerable to the imposition of capital punishment, for they cannot afford to pay good lawyers to defend their case. This circumstance is a good reason not to reconsider the imposition of capital punishment. Nevertheless, to uphold national security and attain sustainable economic progress, the government must still reconsider the imposition of the death penalty for the benefit of most citizens.
Investing in a Secure and Just Society
Capital punishment does make a difference, for it aids in providing a more secure environment for the people, thus creating a more favorable investment climate for the country. The nations that imposed the "death penalty" rigidly have the lowest crime index, such as Singapore, Saudi Arabia, Japan, China, and Vietnam. Countries like Brazil and Mexico, which abolished the death penalty, rank among those countries with the highest crime index.
Furthermore, the most progressive Asian nations today—China, Japan, Singapore, Taiwan, and Malaysia—enforce capital punishment. Imposing the death penalty must be reconsidered for the sake of the majority of the populace. The government must be responsible for providing a secure haven for its people. And, foremost, true justice will only be served to the bereaved families of victims upon the imposition of the death penalty as what many always say, “Since life is taken, life should also be the payment.”
The loss of life can only be recompensed with life; then there will be true justice for the victim, and his bereaved family will finally find real solace. Lastly, the imposition of the death penalty brings back the value of one's life—a great reminder that someone's life is so precious and should not be taken suddenly.
- Sourial, Sam S. “The Religionization of a Society: The Continuing Application of Shariah Law in Saudi Arabia." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 1987.
- Saad, Imelda and Ramesh, S. "Singapore completes review of a mandatory death penalty." Channel News Asia, www.channelnewsasia.com, March 21, 2017.
- “Kill the Death Penalty,” Common Dreams, www.commondreams.com, July 15, 2014.
- “Crime Stat at a Glance,” The Philippine Senate, http://www.senate.gov.ph, June 2013.
- “Philippines: The death penalty is an inhumane, unlawful and ineffective response to drugs.” Amnesty International, www.amnesty.org, March 7, 2017.
This content reflects the personal opinions of the author. It is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and should not be substituted for impartial fact or advice in legal, political, or personal matters.