She is a Writer and Author. She's inspired by Eric Thomas, Les Brown, Charles Stanley, Myles Munroe, and Napoleon Hill.
Mother of Tupac Shakur, Rest in Power
As the saying goes, "Never forget where you came from." Let's not forget where Tupac Shakur came from. Her name is Afeni Shakur-Davis, born Alice Faye Williams on January 22, 1947; she died May 2, 2016.
Ms. Afeni Shakur was a businesswoman, philanthropist, former political activist, and former Black Panther. She was the mother of the late Tupac Shakur. She acted as her own criminal defense attorney after being accused of participating in many bombings as a member of the Panther 21.
Afeni Shakur founded the Georgia-based Tupac Amaru Shakur Foundation, which provides art programs for youth, and Amaru Entertainment, the holding business for all Tupac's unreleased projects.
The name Afeni was given to her by an African-American man who built a Yoruba village in South Carolina. Afeni means "dear one" or "lover of the people."
Afeni Shakur joined the Black Panther Party in 1968. She says she did not come off the college campuses like many of the other known Panthers. She came from the streets of the South Bronx. She said the Panther Party gave her home training.
When Afeni Shakur was incarcerated she was pregnant with Tupac and she would rub her stomach saying, "This is my prince, he is going to save the black nation." By the time Tupac was born on June 16, 1971, Afeni had already defended herself in court and been acquitted on 156 counts.
Living in the Bronx, she worked as a paralegal and tried to raise her son to respect the value of an education. From childhood, everyone called Tupac the "Black Prince." Afeni named him Tupac Amaru Shakur (Shining, Serpent, Blessed One). She wanted him to have the name of a revolutionary.
Tupac was born June 16, 1971 and deceased September 13th, 1996. He lived 25 years and he left his tremendous mark on the world.
Tupac states that "thug life" is not what common people think it is.
"Thug Life" is the opposite of someone having all he needs to succeed. "Thug life" is when you have nothing, and succeed, when you have overcome all obstacles to reach your aim.
Struggle and incarceration surrounded Tupac Shakur from an early age. Tupac's godfather, Elmer "Geronimo" Pratt, a high ranking Black Panther, was convicted of murdering a school teacher during a 1968 robbery. His sentence was later overturned, and charges were finally dropped for Geronimo Pratt after many years.
Tupac says that when he was 13 he was homeless. Tupac was in the 127th Street Ensemble Theater group, in New York.
In June 1988, Tupac and his family moved to Marin City, California, where he attended Tamalpais High School. He attended poetry classes in 1989.
Tupac's music and philosophy are rooted in the Black Panther Party, Black Nationalism, and liberty. His album 2Pacalypse Now exposed his socially conscious side. On this album, Shakur exposed social injustice, poverty, and police brutality in the songs "Brenda's Got a Baby," "Trapped," and "Part Time Mutha." This album was highly influenced by the social consciousness hip-hop of the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Afeni Shakur said in an interview: "Let me first say that any of those songs that Tupac wrote was primarily the way he felt about something. ... I needed him to say how he felt, specifically about the pain that I had caused him, that's how we heal."
The Black Panther Party for Self Defense
The Black Panther Party was founded in Oakland, California, by Bobby Seale and Huey P. Newton on October 15, 1966. The organization ws founded to protect black peoples' neighborhoods from police brutality.
The Black Panther Newspaper was first circulated in 1967. Also that year, the Black Panther Party marched on the California State Capital in Sacramento to protest the ban on weapons. By 1968, the party had spread into many cities throughout the United States: New Orleans, Chicago, Los Angeles, Detroit, San Diego, Denver, Newark, New York City, Boston, Dallas, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Seattle, Washington, D.C., Baltimore, San Francisco and Omaha. Membership reached a high of 10,000 by 1969. Eldridge Cleaver had a newspaper circulation of 250,000. The group created a Ten-Point Program, a document that called for "Land, Bread, Housing, Education, Clothing, Justice and Peace."
They worked at the North Oakland Neighborhood Anti-Poverty Center, where they also served on the advisory board. To address police brutality, the advisory board obtained 5,000 signatures in support of the City Council establishing a police review board to review complaints. Huey Newton was also taking classes at City College and at San Francisco Law School.
The men and women of the Black Panther Party were real life "super heroes" of the civil rights movement. They risked their lives to make changes in the government's wicked system. Now this is history that actually happened for a good cause, for the people. The Black Panthers stood for something. That's all it takes, is someone to take a stand for what is righteous.
Black Panther Party Rules
The Black Panther Party had a list of 26 rules that dictated their daily party activities. They regulated participants' use of drugs and alcohol and other actions. The members had to follow the Ten Point Program, and memorize it.
Here are three points from the Ten Point Program list:
- WE WANT FREEDOM. WE WANT POWER TO DETERMINE THE DESTINY OF OUR BLACK AND OPPRESSED COMMUNITIES.
- WE WANT FULL EMPLOYMENT FOR OUR PEOPLE.
- WE WANT AN END TO THE ROBBERY BY THE CAPITALISTS OF OUR BLACK AND OPPRESSED COMMUNITIES. We believe that this racist government has robbed us and now we are demanding the overdue debt of forty acres and two mules. Forty acres and two mules were promised 100 years ago as restitution for slave labor and mass murder of Black people. We will accept the payment in currency, which will be distributed to our many communities. The American racist has taken part in the slaughter of our fifty million Black people. Therefore, we feel this is a modest demand that we make.
Aims of the Black Panther Party
1. Self-Defense: Self-defense is common sense. But it must be applied correctly; otherwise it can prove more harmful than helpful.
2. Revolutionary Nationalist Ideology: The Panthers struggled for a socialist revolution for U.S. society.
3. Mass Organizing Techniques: The Black Panthers included women at a time when most Black Nationalist organizations were demanding that the woman's role be in the home and/or one step behind the Black man.
4. Propaganda Techniques: The Party spread its message and ideas far and wide through its newspaper The Black Panther, mass rallies, speaking tours, slogans, posters, leaflets, cartoons, buttons, symbols (the clenched fist), graffiti, political trials, and even funerals. The BPP also spread its ideas through very skillful use of the establishment's T.V., radio, and print media.
Huey P. Newton Interview - On Racism of Black Men 1988
Police Attacks on the Black Panthers
One of the most notorious actions was a Chicago Police raid on the home of Panther organizer Fred Hampton on December 4, 1969. The police had initiated the raid in assistance with the FBI, which had been aggressively targeting the Panthers. The people inside the home had been drugged by an FBI informant, William O'Neal, and were asleep at the time of the raid. Hampton was shot and killed along with his guard, Mark Clark. The others were dragged into the street, beaten, and charged with assault.
On April 7, 1968, Panther Bobby Hutton was killed, and Eldridge Cleaver was wounded, in a shoot-out with the Oakland police. Two police officers were also shot. Although at the time Cleaver claimed that the police had rushed them, Cleaver later admitted that he had led the Panther group on a deliberate attack on the police officers and provoked the shoot-out.
The Lasting Contributions of Afeni Shakur and the Black Panther Party
Although Afeni Shakur and the Black Panther Party made serious mistakes, they also gained success and made major new contributions to the movement.
The Panthers endorsed equality, peace and liberation for all people, all races, and both genders. They spoke out for people in Vietnam and China.
Watch This Video: Afeni Shakur, Speaker/Philanthropist
Assata Shakur - Tupac's Step-Aunt
This content reflects the personal opinions of the author. It is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and should not be substituted for impartial fact or advice in legal, political, or personal matters.
© 2011 Brinafr3sh
keep ya head up on October 31, 2019:
Mozay on August 03, 2017:
Am a die hard fan of 2pac shakur, I luv him & his style of music. He's a tru legend, rest on shinnig.
D.J. Get the game out in the open... on June 20, 2017:
Racism, well, as you can see that people will kill over it. Namely because it fuels the so-called good life. But what is the good life, if you have to be afraid of black men when walking down the street, because you think they want what you got. I'm that brown man, actually I don't aqiuest to the slogan black man, because I'm simply not black. But the love of money is the root of all evil. Its always been about the money. If it means that white people have to tortue and kill blacks or (brown men) to get their millions of dollars, then that's what it be. Its like that in every culture, when greedy people systematically come up with ways to keep getting their money, well now you know why its the root of all evil. Rape, deception, disorder, non-peace, hatred. All of it stimulates from money and the love there of. So if people start to want to share this world, like it supposed to be, then you won't have suspecious white people and evil thinking white people.
Brinafr3sh (author) from West Coast, United States on June 09, 2011:
Thank you Pacziner for sharing your comment. Peace
Pacziner on June 09, 2011:
2pac i know is not just a musician but a preacher of faith he stood still on what he belived.in rap music 2pac is the king of rap.
Brinafr3sh (author) from West Coast, United States on April 10, 2011:
@ DJ Kleen, I wasn't a Tupac fan at first either. But when I started to understand his Movement, then I knew he was a conscious rapper that I needed to listen to. His Hit "Changes" is one of my fav's.
ememstephen on April 10, 2011:
great hub. the name Afeni is yoruba, a major tribe in the west africa nation of nigeria. It good to know that such an enterprising woman may likely have come from my country nigeria.
DJ Kleen on April 10, 2011:
I personally wasn't a 2pac fan. Well, until he went Deathrow. That was the *only* 2pac cd I owned. I gotta admit - his lyrics were different and Fresh. I really enjoyed reading this (not just because I Love History). This type of research is college paper quality. As far as the mistakes made - it's how lots of us learn. Like I told one of the young men in my group this weekend, being a musician means making mistakes. What helps you grow and mature is how you handle the situation. if you give up, you never give yourself the chance to succeed. "Keep Ya Head Up"